Quick Facts: Japan

Number of Dedicated Long-Term Immigration Detention Centres: 3 (2012)

Number of Immigration Offices Used as Detention Centres: 16 (2012)

Number of Transit Zone Detention Facilities: 4 (2012)

Number of Ad Hoc Facilities: 1 (2012)

Total capacity of dedicated facilities: 4,010 (2012)

Total number of immigration detainees: 23,133 (2011)

Number of minors detained: 5 (2012)

Number of asylum seekers detained: 238 (2012)

Maximum length of detention in law: no limit (2012)

Maximum length of detention before issuance of deportation order: 60 days (2012)

Maximum length of detention in practice: 2 years (2007)

Average length of detention: unknown (2012)

Number of detainees detained for more than 18 months: 24 (2012)

Number of persons expelled: 13,224 (2010)

Estimated undocumented population: 90,000-100,000 (2011)

Number of asylum claims: 1,202 (2010)

Number of international migrants: 2,134,151 (2010)

International migrants as a percentage of total population: 1.7 percent (2010)

Annual immigration detainees as a percentage of total international migrant population: 1.1 percent (2010/2011) 

 

 

Disclaimer

Last updated: March 2013

Japan Country Profile

List of Detention Sites

Disclaimer | Sources | Categories

Name Status (Year) Location GDP Facility Type Detention Timeframe Security Authority Management Capacity Total number of detainees Demographics & Segregation
Chubu Airport District Immigration Office Detention House In use (2012) Takoname City, Aichi Immigration Office   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   29 (2012) 1186 (2011) Single adult males, single adult females (2012)
Chubu Airport Landing Prevention Facility (aka Departure Waiting Facility) In use (2012) Chubu Airport Transit Zone - Airport   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan        
Fukuoka Regional Immigration Bureau Detention House In use (2012) Fukuoka City, Fukuoka Immigration Office   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   36 (2012) 199 (2011) Single adult males, single adult females(2012)
Haneda Airport District Immigration Office Detention House In use (2012) Ota-ku, Tokyo Immigration Office   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   29 (2012) 1024 (2011) Single adult males, single adult females(2012)
Haneda Airport Landing Prevention Facility (aka Departure Waiting Facility) In use (2012) Haneda Airport Transit Zone - Airport   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   10 (2011)    
Higashi-Nihon Immigration Detention Centre In use (2012) Ushiku City, Ibaragi Prefecture Migrant Detention Centre Long-term Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   700 (2012) 766 (2011) Single adult males, single adult females, minors (2012); separation of men and women, separation of minors (2013)
Hiroshima Regional Immigration Bureau Detention House In use (2012) Hiroshima City, Hiroshima Immigration Office   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   20 (2012) 160 (2011) Single adult males, single adult females (2012)
Kagoshima Branch Office Detention House In use (2012) Kagoshima Immigration Office   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   8 (2012) 17(2011) Single adult males, single adult females(2012)
Kansai Airport District Immigration Office Detention House In use (2012) Osaka Immigration Office   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   30 (2012) 687 (2011) Single adult males, single adult females(2012)
Kansai Airport Landing Prevention Facility (aka Departure Waiting Facility) In use (2012) Kansai Airport, Osaka Transit Zone - Airport   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan        
Kobe Regional Immigration Bureau Detention House In use (2012) Kobe Immigration Office   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   60 (2012) 108 (2011) Single adult males, single adult females(2012)
Nagoya Regional Immigration Bureau Detention House In use (2012) Nagoya Immigration Office   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   400 (2012) 3432 (2011) Single adult males, single adult females(2012)
Naha Regional Immigration Bureau Detention House In use (2012) Naha Immigration Office   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   10 (2012) 55 (2011)  
Narita Airport District Immigration Office Detention House In use (2012) Narita city, Chiba Immigration Office   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   350 (2012) 2442 (2011) Single adult males, single adult females(2012)
Narita Airport Landing Prevention Facility (aka Departure Waiting Facility) In use (2012) Narita Airport Transit Zone - Airport   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan Private Contractor     Single adult males, single adult females (2002); separation of men and women (2002)
Narita Airport Rest House In use (2012) Narita International Airport, Chiba Ad Hoc - Transit Zone Airport Hotel   Semi-secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan Private Contractor      
Nishi-Nihon Immigration Detention Centre In use (2012) Ibaraki City, Osaka Migrant Detention Centre Long-term Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   300 (2012) 190 (2011) Single adult males, single adult females(2012)
Omura Immigration Detention Centre In use (2012) Omura City, Nagasaki Migrant Detention Centre Long-term Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   800 (2012) 99 (2011)  
Osaka Regional Immigration Bureau Detention House In use (2012) Osaka City, Osaka Immigration Office   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   200 (2012) 1426 (2011) Single adult males, single adult females (2012)
Sapporo Regional Immigration Bureau Detention House In use (2012) Sapporo Immigration Office   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   12 (2012) 109 (2011) Single adult males, single adult females (2012)
Sendai Regional Immigration Bureau Detention House In use (2012) Sendai City, Miyagi Prefecture Immigration Office   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   14 (2012) 122 (2011) Single adult males, single adult females (2012)
Shimonoseki Branch Office Detention House In use (2007) Shimonoseki Immigration Office   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan        
Takamatsu Regional Immigration Bureau Detention House In use (2012) Takamatsu City, Kagawa Immigration Office   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   12 (2012) 81 (2011) Single adult males, single adult females (2012)
Tokyo Immigration Bureau Detention House In use (2012) Tokyo Immigration Office   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   800 (2012) 9223 (2011) Single adult males, single adult females, minors (2012)
Yokohama Regional Immigration Bureau Detention House In use (2012) Yokohama Immigration Office   Secure Ministry of Justice/ Immigration Bureau of Japan   200 (2012) 1807 (2011) Single adult males, single adult females (2012)

 

Sources
(This is only a partial list. More detailed information is available upon request.)

 

  • Immigration Bureau. 2012. Response to the inquiry from Solidarity Network with Migrants Japan. 20 November, 2012.
  • Ministry of Justice (MOJ). 2012. Press release. 19 October 2012. www.moj.go.jp/nyuukokukanri/kouhou/nyuukokukanri02_00009.html.
  • Shoji, Hiroka (Amnesty International-Japan). 2012. Interview with Yuki Kobayashi (Global Detention Project). Geneva, Switzerland. November 12, 2012.