Quick Facts

 

Dedicated migrant detention centres: 6 (2009)

Total capacity of dedicated centres: 2,757 (2009)

Total number of detainees at dedicated centres during entire year: 8,585 (2008)

Est. undocumented population: 62,000-114,000 (2005)

Number of pending asylum applicants: 9,743 (end of 2008)

Max. length of detention: No legal limit

Last updated: December 2009

Netherlands Detention Profile

Reference List

  • Ammeraal, Steven (Dutch Refugee Council). 2009a. Email communication to Michael Flynn (Global Detention Project). 10 July 2009. Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Ammeraal, Steven (Dutch Refugee Council). 2009b. Telephone conversation with Michael Flynn (Global Detention Project). 10 July 2009. Geneva, Switzerland.
  • Amnesty International (AI). 2008. The Netherlands: The Detention of Irregular Migrants and Asylum-Seekers. June 2008.
  • Amnesty International (AI). 2009. “Amnesty International Report 2009—Netherlands.” 28 May 2009.
  • Bruquetas-Callejo, Maria; Blanca Garcés-Mascareñas; Rinus Penninx; and Peter Scholten. 2009. “IMISCOE Working Paper: Country Report Policymaking related to immigration integration. The Dutch Case.” IMISCOE Working Paper: Country Report, Working Paper No. 15 http://www.imiscoe.org/publications/workingpapers/documents/IntegrationPolicymakingDutchcase.pdf (accessed 20 October 2009).
  • CLANDESTINO. 2008. Undocumented Migration: Counting the Uncountable: Data and Trends across Europe. European Commission. November 2008. http://irregular-migration.hwwi.net/typo3_upload/groups/31/4.Background_Information/4.4.Country_Reports/Netherlands_CountryReport_Clandestino_Nov09_2.pdf.
  • Central Agency for the Reception of Asylum Seekers (Centraal Orgaan opvang asielzoekers - COA). 2009. Homepage. http://www.coa.nl/NED/website/home.asp (accessed 20 October 2009).
  • Council of Europe. 2009. “Report by the Commissioner for Human Rights Mr Thomas Hammarberg on his visit to the Netherlands 21 - 25 September 2008.” 11 March 2009. Council of Europe. Strasbourg.
  • Dutch Council for Refugees. 2008. Annual Report. http://www.vluchtelingenwerk.nl/pdf-bibliotheek/VWN-JV-ENGELS-2008-webLR.pdf. May 2009. (accessed 25 November  2009)
  • European Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT). 2009. “Response of the Authorities of the Kingdom of the Netherlands on the visits carried out to the Kingdom in Europe, Aruba, and the Netherlands Antilles by the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT).” Council of Europe. 5 February 2008.
  • European Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT). 2008. “Report to the Authorities of the Kingdom of the Netherlands to the report of the European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT) on its visits to the Kingdom in Europe, Aruba, and the Netherlands Antilles.” Council of Europe. 4 February 2009.
  • European Parliament. 2007. The conditions in centres for third country national (detention camps, open centres as well as transit centres and transit zones) with a particular focus on provisions and facilities for persons with special needs in the 25 EU member states. Directorate General Internal Policies of the European Union, Policy Department C, Citizens' Rights and Constitutional Affairs, Committee on Civil Liberties, Justice and Home Affairs. December 2007
  • European Migration Network Dutch National Contact Point (EMN) and Immigratie-en Naturalisatiedienst (IND) 2006. Policy Analysis Report April 2006: Developments in Dutch Migration and Asylum Policy 1 July 2004 - 31 December 2005. http://www.ind.nl/en/Images/EMN%20PAR%202005%20-%20EN%20version_tcm6-133801.pdf. (accessed 25 November 2009)
  • Immigratie-en Naturalisatiedienst (IND), 2008a. A focus on the IND - Annual results 2008.
  • Immigratie-en Naturalisatiedienst (IND), 2008b. Figures for the Asylum procedure, 2008. (http://www.ind.nl/en/Images/Asiel%202008%20EN%20def_tcm6-170391.pdf)
  • Immigratie-en Naturalisatiedienst (IND), 2006. The IND and the European Migration Network (EMN), Dutch National Contact Point, Research Study III, Return. December 2006.
  • Immigratie-en Naturalisatiedienst (IND), 2004. The asylum procedure in the Netherlands, November 2004.
  • Immigratie-en Naturalisatiedienst (IND), 2004. The procedure in the application centre, November 2004.
  • Meyers, Eytan. 2004. International Immigration Policy: A Theoretical and Comparative Analysis. Palgrave, 2004. pp. 85-120.
  • Ministry of Justice. 2007.  Detention Platforms Zaandam. Detention Platforms Zaandam, Ministry of Justice, (01-11-2007). http://www.dji.nl/Organisatie/Publicaties/.(accessed 30.09.09)
  • Ministry of Justice. Webpage section on non-nationals in custody: [http://www.dji.nl/Onderwerpen/Vreemdelingen-in-bewaring/Zorg-en-begeleiding/Index.aspx  (accessed July 2009).
  • Ministry of Justice (MoJ). 2004. The Aliens Act 2000. MoJ. March 2004. http://english.justitie.nl/images/The%20aliens%20act%202000%2006BR2004G710_tcm35-14170.pdf
  • NIDOS (jeugdbescheming voor vluchtelingen) 2007 Annual Report. http://www.nidos.nl/Homepage%20artikelen/~/media/LR_opmaak_jaarv_07_ENG.ashx. (accessed 25 November 2009).
  • Opstal, J. Van (Dutch Ministry of Justice). 2009. Email correspondence with Alexandra Lamb (Global Detention Project). 18 November 2009. Geneva, Switzerland.
  • United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR). 2009. Asylum Levels and Trends in Industrialized Countries 2008: Statistical Overview of Asylum Applications Lodged in Europe and selected Non-European Countries. UNHCR. 24 March 2009. http://www.unhcr.org/statistics/STATISTICS/49c796572.pdf (accessed 7 April 2009).
  • Visser, Maarten (head of external affairs, Central Agency for the Reception of Asylum Seekers/Cebtraal Orgaan opvang asielzoekers). 2009. Interview with Michael Flynn (Global Detention Project). 9 July 2009. Geneva, Switzerland.