Quick Facts

Dedicated migrant detention sites: 1 (2008)

Migrant workers: 300,000 (2006)

Domestic migrant workers: 70,000 (2008)

Asylum seekers: 49 (end 2008)

Last updated: September 2009

Baharain Detention Profile

Reference List

  • Amiri Decree Law No. 23/1976: Respecting Work Permits and Work Cards for Non-Bahrainis. 1976. Subsidiary Legislation Enacted Under the Provisions Of the Labor Law for the Private Sector, 1976, Promulgated by AMIRI DECREE LAW No. 23 of 1976. Order number 13/1976.
  • Asian Migration News (AMN). 2007. Bahrain. Asian Migration News. http://www.smc.org.ph/amnews/amn070531/middleast/bahrain070531.htm (accessed 24 July 2009).
  • Bahrain Centre for Human Rights (BCHR). 2008. BCHR Report to CEDAW Committee-The Situation of Women Migrant Domestic Workers in Bahrain. Bahrain Centre for Human Rights. October 2008. http://bahrainrights.org/en/node/2490 (accessed 31 August 2009).
  • Bew, Geoffrey.2007a. "Hunger Strikers Still in Prison." Gulf Daily News. 8 April 2007. In Bahrain Center for Human Rights. http://www.bahrainrights.org/node/1150 (accessed 2 October 2007).
  • Bew, Geoffrey. 2007b. "Stranded Prisoners Slash Their Wrists." Gulf Daily News. 13 May 2007. In Bahrain Center for Human Rights. http://www.bahrainrights.org/node/1225 (accessed 2 October 2007).
  • Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination (CERD). 2005. Consideration of Reports Submitted by States Parties Under Article 9 of the Convention: Concluding Ovservations of the Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination: Bahrain. UN Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. CERD/C/BHR/CO/7. 14 April 2005.
  • Committee of Experts on the Application of Conventions and Recommendations (CEACR). 2009. “CEACR: Individual Observation concerning Discrimination (Employment and Occupation) Convention, 1958 (No. 111) Bahrain (ratification: 2000)”. International Labour Organisation. Document No. (ilolex): 062009BHR111.
  • Del Rosario, Eunice. 2007. "Gulf Daily News: Sex-slaves probe". Gulf Daily News. 7 February 2007. Bahrain Center for Human Rights. http://www.bahrainrights.org/node/1029 (accessed 17 June 2009).
  • George, Begena. 2006. "Jail Strike Called Off." Gulf Daily News. 13 November 2006. In Bahrain Center for Human Rights. http://www.bahrainrights.org/node/703 (accessed 2 October 2007).
  • Human Rights Watch. 2009. “Bahrain: Labor Reforms a Major Advance”. Human Rights Watch. 13 May 2009. http://www.hrw.org/en/news/2009/05/13/bahrain-labor-reforms-major-advance?print (accessed June 2009).
  • International Labour Organisation (ILO). 2004. Gender and Migration in Arab States: The Case of Domestic Workers. International Labour Organisation Regional Office for Arab States, Beirut, Edited by Simel Esim & Monica Smith. June 2004.
  • Kliger, Rachelle. 2009. “Bahrain Backtracks on Workers’ Rights Reform.” From the Media Line, In Bahrain Center for Human Rights. 15 June 2009.
  • Pradeep, Begena P. 2008. "Wife caught in vice raid to be deported". Gulf Daily News. 9 July 2008. http://www.gulf-daily-news.com/NewsDetails.aspx?storyid=222591 (accessed 24 June 2009).
  • UN Committee Against Torture (CAT). 2005. Conclusions and Recommendations of the Committee against Torture: Bahrain: Concluding Observations/Comments. Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights. Ref. CAT/C/CR/34/BHR. 21 June 2005.
  • UNHCR. 2008. States Parties to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol. United Nations High Commissioner for Refugees. 1 October 2008.
  • UN Press Release. 2006. “Expert on Trafficking in Persons ends Visit to Bahrain”. United Nations. 1 November 2006.
  • UN Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons (SRTP). 2007. Implementation of General Assembly Resolution 60/251 of 15 March 2006 Entitled “Human Rights Council: Report of the Special Rapporteur on Trafficking in Persons, especially Women and Children, Sigma Huda: Addendum: Mission to Bahrain, Oman and Qatar.” UN Human rights Council. Ref. A/HRC/4/23/Add.2. 25 April 2007.
  • UN Working Group on Arbitrary Detention (WGAD). 2002. Report of the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention - Visit to Bahrain. United Nations Commission on Human Rights. E/CN.4/2002/77/Add.2. 5 March 2002.
  • UN Working Group on the Universal Periodic Review (WGUPR). 2008. Compilation Prepared by the Office of the High Commissioner for Human Rights, In Accordance with paragraph 15 (B) of the Annex to Human Rights Council Resolution 5/1: Bahrain. UN Human Rights Council. Ref. A/HRC/WG.6/1/BHR/2. 14 March 2008.
  • U.S. State Department. 2009. “2008 Human rights Report: Bahrain.” In 2008 Country Reports on Human Rights Practices. Bureau of Democracy, Human Rights, and Labor. 25 February 2009. http://www.state.gov/g/drl/rls/hrrpt/2008/nea/119113.htm (accessed 31 August 2009).