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Estonia

Two key historical developments have been instrumental in shaping Estonian immigration detention practices--the break up of the Soviet Union and Estonia’s accession to the European Union (EU). The country’s main sources of immigration are member states of the Commonwealth of Independent States, and its immigration policies have been heavily influenced by the EU harmonisation process. When Estonia joined the Schengen area in 2007, authorities worried that the country would experience significant increases in both regular and irregular migration. These fears have thus far proved unwarranted.

Estonia Quick Facts

  • Immigration detainees:
    40
    Detained asylum seekers :
    5
    Detained minors:
    1
    Persons expelled :
    480
    International migrants:
    202300
    New asylum applications :
    143