Lesotho

No Data

Immigration detainees

No Data

Detained children

57

Refugees

2018

6,928

International migrants

2019

2,100,000

Population

2020

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

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IMMIGRATION AND DETENTION-RELATED STATISTICS

Criminal prison population
2,073
2014
2,498
2010
2,852
2007
3,173
2004
2,699
2001
2,232
1998
2,062
1995
2,260
1992
Percentage of foreign prisoners
0.9
2009
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
92
2014
115
2010
135
2007
154
2004
135
2001
116
1998
114
1995
132
1992
Population
2,100,000
2020
2,135,000
2015
International migrants
6,928
2019
6,600
2015
International migrants as a percentage of the population
0.3
2015
Refugees
57
2018
56
2017
36
2016
31
2015
44
2014
Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
0.02
2016
0.02
2014
Total number of new asylum applications
9
2016
5
2014
Refugee recognition rate
100
2014
Stateless persons
0
2016
0
2015
Total number of immigration detainees by year
Number of immigration detainees on a given day
Top nationalities of detainees
Number of persons granted alternatives to immigration detention
Number of detained asylum seekers
Total number of detained minors
Number of detained unaccompanied minors
Number of detained accompanied minors
Number of detained stateless persons
Number of apprehensions of non-citizens
Immigration detainees as a percentage of total international migrant population
Estimated total immigration detention capacity
Number of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres
Estimated capacity of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres
Number of dedicated medium-term immigration detention centres
Number of immigration offices
Number of transit facilities
Number of criminal facilities
Number of ad hoc facilities
Number of persons removed/returned (voluntary returns and deportations)
Number of deportations/forced returns only
Percentage of persons removed in relation to total number of people placed in removal procedures
Estimated number of undocumented migrants

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
1,034
2014
Remittances to the country
456
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
103.6
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
161 (Low)
2015
Remittances from the country
Unemployment rate amongst migrants
Detention for deterrence
Pew Global Attitudes Poll on Immigration
Immigration Index Score
World Bank Rule of Law Index
Domestic Opinion Polls on Immigration

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Common law
Customary law
Constitutional guarantees?
No ((1) Every person shall be entitled to personal liberty, that is to say, he shall not be arrested or detained save as may be authorised by law in any of the following cases, that is to say - (i) for the purpose of preventing the unlawful entry of that person into Lesotho, or for the purpose of effecting the expulsion, extradition or other lawful removal of that person from Lesotho or for the purpose of restricting that person while he is being conveyed through Lesotho in the course of his extradition or removal as a convicted prisoner from one country to another.) 1993 1993
1993
Core pieces of national legislation
Aliens Control Act num. 16 of 1966 (1966)
1966
Lesotho Refugee Act (1983)
1983
Immigration-status-related grounds
Detention for unauthorised entry or stay
2015
Detention to effect removal
2015
Maximum length of time in custody prior to issuance of a detention order
14
2015
Provision of basic procedural standards
Right to legal counsel (Yes)
2015
Access to consular assistance (Yes)
2015
Is the detention of vulnerable persons provided in law? Are they detained in practice?
Women (Not mentioned) Yes
2015
Accompanied minors (Not mentioned) Yes
2015
Additional legislation
Regulations, standards, guidelines
Non-immigration-status-related grounds providing for administrative detention in immigration legislation.
Does the country provide specific criminal penalties for immigration-related violations?
Grounds for criminal immigration-related detention/incarceration and maximum potential duration of incarceration
Has the country decriminalized immigration-related violations?
Maximum length for administrative immigration detention in law.
Longest recorded instance of immigration detention.
Average length of detention
Maximum length of detention for asylum-seekers
Maximum length of detention for persons detained upon arrival at ports of entry
Types of non-custodial measures
Impact of alternatives
Mandatory detention
Expedited/fast track removal
Re-entry ban

INTERNATIONAL LAW

International treaty reservations
Reservation Year
Observation Date
CEDAW Article 2 1995
1995
2017
Individual complaints procedure
Acceptance Year
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 2000
2000
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
0/9
2017
Relevant recommendations issued by treaty bodies
Recommendation Year
Committee on Migrant Workers "§30. recalls that administrative detention should be used only as a last resort, and recommends that the state party consider alternatives to administrative detention. it recommends that the state party: (a) include in its second periodic report detailed disaggregated information on the number of migrant workers detained for immigration offences and the place, average duration and conditions of their detention; (b) ensure that migrant workers detained for violations of immigration law are not detained with persons accused or convicted of a crime; (c) ensure that the minimum guarantees enshrined in the convention are assured with regard to criminal or administrative procedures against migrant workers and members of their families." 2016
2016
Regional legal instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights 1992
1992
ACRWC, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child 1999
1999
APRW, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol) 2004
2004
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2010
2017
No 2015
2017
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Treaty bodies decisions on individual complaints
Regional treaty reservations
Regional judicial decisions on individual complaints
Recommendations issued by regional human rights mechanisms
Bilateral/multilateral agreements linked to readmission
Visits by special procedures of the Human Rights Council
Relevant recommendations by UN Special Procedures

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS

Federal or centralized governing system
Centralized or decentralized immigration authority
Custodial authority
Apprehending authorities
Detention Facility Management
Formally designated detention estate?
Types of detention facilities used in practice
Authorized monitoring institutions
Is the national human rights institution (NHRI) recognized as independent?
Does NHRI carry out visits?
Does NHRI have capacity to receive complaints?
Does NHRI publicly release reports on immigration detention?
Does national preventive mechanism (NPM) carry out visits?
Does NPM have capacity to receive complaints?
Does NPM publicly release reports on immigration detention?
Do NGOs carry out visits?
NGO capacity to receive complaints?
Do NGOs publish reports on immigration detention?
Do parliamentary organs carry out visits?
Do parliamentary organs have capacity to receive complaints?
Do parliamentary organs publicly report on their detention findings?
Do internal inspection agencies (IIAs) carry out visits?
Do IIAs have capacity to receive complaints?
Do IIAs publicly report their findings from detention inspections?
Do international and/or regional bodies (IRBs) visit immigration-related detention facilities?
Do IRBs publicly report their findings from inspections?
Types of privatisation/outsourcing
Detention contractors and other non-state entities
Estimated annual budget for detention operations
Estimated annual budgets for particular detention-related activities
Estimated cost per detainees day (in USD)
Estimated annual budget for non-custodial measures (in USD)
Estimated costs of non-custodial measures (in USD)
Does the country receive external sources of funding?
Description of foreign assistance