Lesotho

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

121

New asylum applications

2019

143

Refugees

2019

6,928

International migrants

2019

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

21 October 2020

Ethiopian Airlines Plane With Millions of Medical Supplies Donated by Jack Ma Arrives in Lesotho, (Supplied,
Ethiopian Airlines Plane With Millions of Medical Supplies Donated by Jack Ma Arrives in Lesotho, (Supplied, "Lesotho Receives Covid-19 Tests Kits from Billionaire Jack Ma," EW News, 23 March 2020, https://ewn.co.za/2020/03/27/lesotho-receives-covid-19-test-kits-from-billionaire-jack-ma)

In June, a report from the UN Development Program estimated that approximately 93,000 people had returned to Lesotho as a result of COVID-19. The implementation of strict measures in neighbouring South Africa, which impacted the livelihood of migrant workers, helped spur this influx. Since October, migrant workers holding a permit are allowed to travel outside the country, and several restrictions were lifted.

The prime minister had urged prison officials to “minimise congestion” in March. However, in September, the conditions in Maseru prison were denounced by two former prisoners. They described the overcrowding and the lack of sanitary measures.

The GDP was unable to confirm if any measures had been taken for asylum-seekers during the pandemic.


Last updated:

DETENTION, EXPULSION, AND INCARCERATION STATISTICS

Total number of immigration detainees by year
Not Available
2019
Number of immigration detainees on a given day
Not Available
2019
Total number of detained minors
Not Available
2017
Estimated total immigration detention capacity
0
2019
Estimated capacity of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres
Not Available
2019
Criminal prison population
2,073
2014
2,498
2010
2,852
2007
3,173
2004
2,699
2001
2,232
1998
2,062
1995
2,260
1992
Percentage of foreign prisoners
0.9
2009
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
92
2014
115
2010
135
2007
154
2004
135
2001
116
1998
114
1995
132
1992

DEMOGRAPHICS AND IMMIGRATION-RELATED STATISTICS

Population
2,100,000
2020
2,135,000
2015
International migrants
6,928
2019
6,600
2015
International migrants as a percentage of the population
0.3
2015
Refugees
143
2019
57
2018
56
2017
36
2016
31
2015
44
2014
Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
0.02
2016
0.02
2014
Total number of new asylum applications
121
2019
9
2016
5
2014
Refugee recognition rate
100
2014
Stateless persons
0
2016
0
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
1,034
2014
Remittances to the country
456
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
103.6
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
161 (Low)
2015

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Common law
Customary law
Constitutional guarantees?
No ((1) Every person shall be entitled to personal liberty, that is to say, he shall not be arrested or detained save as may be authorised by law in any of the following cases, that is to say - (i) for the purpose of preventing the unlawful entry of that person into Lesotho, or for the purpose of effecting the expulsion, extradition or other lawful removal of that person from Lesotho or for the purpose of restricting that person while he is being conveyed through Lesotho in the course of his extradition or removal as a convicted prisoner from one country to another.) 1993 1993
1993
Core pieces of national legislation
Aliens Control Act num. 16 of 1966 (1966)
1966
Lesotho Refugee Act (1983)
1983
Immigration-status-related grounds
Detention for unauthorised entry or stay
2015
Detention to effect removal
2015
Maximum length of time in custody prior to issuance of a detention order
14
2015
Provision of basic procedural standards
Right to legal counsel (Yes)
2015
Access to consular assistance (Yes)
2015
Is the detention of vulnerable persons provided in law? Are they detained in practice?
Women (Not mentioned) Yes
2015
Accompanied minors (Not mentioned) Yes
2015

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 15/19
International treaty reservations
Reservation Year
Observation Date
CEDAW Article 2 1995
1995
2017
Individual complaints procedure
Acceptance Year
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 2000
2000
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
0/9
2017
Relevant recommendations issued by treaty bodies
Recommendation Year
Committee on Migrant Workers "§30. recalls that administrative detention should be used only as a last resort, and recommends that the state party consider alternatives to administrative detention. it recommends that the state party: (a) include in its second periodic report detailed disaggregated information on the number of migrant workers detained for immigration offences and the place, average duration and conditions of their detention; (b) ensure that migrant workers detained for violations of immigration law are not detained with persons accused or convicted of a crime; (c) ensure that the minimum guarantees enshrined in the convention are assured with regard to criminal or administrative procedures against migrant workers and members of their families." 2016
2016
Regional legal instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights 1992
1992
ACRWC, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child 1999
1999
APRW, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol) 2004
2004
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2010
2017
No 2015
2017

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS