No detention centre mapping data


Yemen Immigration Detention

Although it has been devastated by famine and an ongoing civil war, Yemen serves as an important transit country for African migrants and refugees seeking to make it to Saudi Arabia or other Gulf state. But there is little available information about its immigration detention practices. One source of information has been the International Organization for Migration (IOM), whose Displacement Tracking Matrix has identified detention sites in the country. Detainees are predominantly Ethiopians or Somalians who have crossed the treacherous Gulf of Aden as part of their migration journeys, only to arrive in a country wracked by conflict and massive human suffering and deprivation.

Quick Facts


Immigration detainees (2019): Not Available
Detained asylum seekers (2019): Not Available
Detained minors (2019): Not Available
Immigration detention capacity (2019): Not Available
Persons expelled (2019): Not Available
International migrants (2015): 344,100
New asylum applications (2016): 4,309
Number of immigration detainees on a given day (2019): 5,000

Profile Updated: May 2019

Migrants in Yemen Languish in Detention as Ramadan Begins

From: International Organization for Migration
Date: 7 May 2019

Aden - Some 3,000 migrants continue to be held in two temporary detention sites in Yemen's Aden and Abyan governorates. Among those detained are Ethiopian nationals, many practicing Muslims, who are embarking on thirty days of Ramadan fasting while detained.  

The International Organization for Migration (IOM) has been providing clean water and emergency food at the 22nd of May Stadium in Aden where nearly 2,500 migrants are detained. 

On 21 April, authorities in Yemen began detaining nearly 5,000 irregular migrants in two sports stadiums and a military camp in the Aden, Abyan and Lahj governorates. The detainees predominately are Ethiopians, who entered Yemen to seek livelihoods and opportunities on the Arabian Peninsula.   

On Friday (03/05), IOM’s Displacement Tracking Matrix (DTM) teams confirmed that 2,473 migrants remain under detention in Aden’s 22nd May Stadium. Of those, the DTM determined 873 are children.  

Since last week’s headcount, more people have been brought to that site. An estimated 500 migrants are also being held in a second sports stadium in Abyan. 

At the stadium in Aden, IOM is combatting the spread of communicable disease by providing water, sanitation and hygiene (WASH) and health services. Between 26 April and 5 May, IOM has conducted over 1,800 health consultations and rehabilitated 30 latrines. 

In recent days, more than 1,400 people detained at the military camp in Lahj reportedly were released.  IOM is making efforts to confirm the locations and wellbeing of all migrants released in Lahj, particularly because some had been suffering from acute watery diarrhea (AWD).  

At Lahj’s Ibn Khaldoon Hospital, IOM is treating more than 70 former detainees with AWD in its newly-opened diarrhea treatment centre. Tragically, since Wednesday (01/05), 14 migrants have perished from the illness

Twenty-three-year-old Abdi* comes from a farming family in the Oromia region of Ethiopia. As Ramadan commences, he wishes he could go home, or anywhere rather than stay in detention in the sports stadium in Aden. 

“I wanted to come to an Arabian country to make my life better than my parents’, but when I arrived here [in Yemen] they caught me and brought me to this place,” said Abdi, who left his home just over a month ago without telling his parents.  

Starting his journey with only 2,000 birr [USD 70], he eventually he arrived in Djibouti, where he called his parents explaining he needed funds, some 11,000 birr [USD 380], to continue his journey. His parents sold a cow. He said he knew he would perish in the desert without a smuggler to help him complete this “hard journey.” 

*Name changed to protect identity   

IOM remains extremely concerned for the people being held in inhumane conditions in Aden and Abyan. Alongside humanitarian partners, IOM is providing lifesaving services, while engaging with authorities to advocate for the release of those detained.  

Thousands of migrants are stranded in other locations throughout Yemen. From Sana'a starting this past Monday, IOM intends to move a total of 327 Ethiopian migrants to Addis Ababa, under IOM’s voluntary humanitarian return (VHR).  

For more information, please contact Olivia Headon at IOM Yemen, Tel: +353833022648, +967730552233, +967730552233, Email: oheadon@iom.int 

-----

Migrants Die While Detained in Inhumane Conditions in Yemen

United Nations Information Centre
2 May 2019 – Aden
 
The International Organization for Migration (IOM) is alarmed by reports of migrants dying of preventable illnesses, being shot and suffering other inhumane treatment in makeshift detention centres in Yemen, now in its fifth year of conflict.

IOM is monitoring the conditions of some 5,000 migrants from the Horn of Africa held across three sites –-two sports stadiums and a military camp–in Yemen’s Aden, Lahj and Abyan governorates.

IOM learned yesterday (01/05) that at least eight migrants died from complications related to acute watery diarrhea (AWD) at the Ibn Khaldoon Hospital in Lahj governorate. Those migrants—predominantly Ethiopian—had been held at a military camp in Lahj where more than 1,400 people are detained. Authorities at the camp report they have detected at least 200 AWD cases. IOM is establishing a diarrhea treatment centre at Ibn Khaldoon Hospital, which is currently struggling to treat 53 AWD cases, including eight severe cases.

This morning, 14 migrants with signs of AWD were brought to Aden’s 22nd of May stadium where IOM is providing critical life saving assistance. IOM’s health team, who has carried out over 1,000 health consultations at the site since 26 April, acted fast to ensure the patients were evacuated to a nearby hospital.

In Geneva, Mohammed Abdiker, IOM’s Director of Operations and Emergencies said, “I am deeply saddened by the deaths of these eight migrants, who were among the thousands of migrants being held in deplorable conditions across Yemen. We have decried this policy to the authorities, urging them to take a humane approach to irregular migration.”

IOM’s team in Aden became aware of the mass arrest and detention of thousands of migrants on 21 April and their detention in cramped buildings, not fit for human inhabitation. Abdiker noted these migrants, “at best, have only limited access to basic services or protection.”

On Tuesday (30/04), guards fired on migrants detained at the Aden sports stadium, two of whom suffered gunshot wounds, leaving a teenage boy likely paralyzed for life. That, Abdiker said, “demonstrates the inability of authorities to care for the expanding detained population as well as the immediate need to have a dedicated civilian authority humanely managing these sites. Our teams could see that without ensuring immediate access to sufficient food, clean water, safe sanitation and medical attention, a catastrophe was waiting to unfold.”

Abdiker added: “IOM stands ready to support Yemen and other regional partners to identify sustainable responses to irregular migration, which do not involve the shortsighted abuse of vulnerable migrants and fully respects international law.”

“I am greatly concerned that this dire situation will further deteriorate,” he concluded. “Our team on the ground has been making strides with local advocacy among the different levels of government. However, it is time to see these words turned into action that puts an end to this abuse before more innocent lives are lost.”

For more information please contact Olivia Headon in Aden. Tel: +967 730 552 233. Email: Oheadon@iom.int

 

Centres List

No detention centres data available

Statistics Expand all



Not Available

Total number of immigration detainees by year

2019

  • Total number of immigration detainees by year
NumberObservation Date
Not Available2019


5,000

Number of immigration detainees on a given day

2019

  • Number of immigration detainees on a given day
NumberObservation Date
5,0002019


Ethiopia

Top nationalities of detainees

2019

  • Top nationalities of detainees
Countries ordered by rankObservation Date
Ethiopia, Somalia, Djibouti2019


Not Available

Number of persons granted alternatives to immigration detention

2019

  • Number of persons granted alternatives to immigration detention
NumberObservation Date
Not Available2019


Not Available

Number of detained asylum seekers

2019

  • Number of detained asylum seekers
NumberObservation Date
Not Available2019


Not Available

Total number of detained minors

2019

  • Total number of detained minors
NumberObservation Date
Not Available2019


Not Available

Number of detained unaccompanied minors

2019

  • Number of detained unaccompanied minors
NumberObservation Date
Not Available2019


Not Available

Number of detained accompanied minors

2019

  • Number of detained accompanied minors
NumberObservation Date
Not Available2019


Not Available

Number of detained stateless persons

2019

  • Number of detained stateless persons
NumberObservation Date
Not Available2019


Not Available

Number of apprehensions of non-citizens

2019

  • Number of apprehensions of non-citizens
NumberObservation Date
Not Available2019


Not Available

Immigration detainees as a percentage of total international migrant population

2019

  • Immigration detainees as a percentage of total international migrant population
PercentageObservation Date
Not Available2019


Not Available

Estimated total immigration detention capacity

2019

  • Estimated total immigration detention capacity
NumberObservation Date
Not Available2019


Not Available

Number of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres

2019

  • Number of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres
NumberObservation Date
Not Available2019


Not Available

Estimated capacity of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres

2019

  • Estimated capacity of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres
NumberObservation Date
Not Available2019


Not Available

Number of dedicated medium-term immigration detention centres

2019

  • Number of dedicated medium-term immigration detention centres
NumberObservation Date
Not Available2019


Not Available

Number of immigration offices

2019

  • Number of immigration offices
NumberObservation Date
Not Available2019


Not Available

Number of transit facilities

2019

  • Number of transit facilities
NumberObservation Date
Not Available2019


Not Available

Number of criminal facilities

2019

  • Number of criminal facilities
NumberObservation Date
Not Available2019


Not Available

Number of ad hoc facilities

2019

  • Number of ad hoc facilities
NumberObservation Date
Not Available2019


Not Available

Number of persons removed/returned (voluntary returns and deportations)

2019

  • Number of persons removed/returned (voluntary returns and deportations)
NumberObservation Date
Not Available2019


Not Available

Number of deportations/forced returns only

2019

  • Number of deportations/forced returns only
NumberObservation Date
Not Available2019


Not Available

Percentage of persons removed in relation to total number of people placed in removal procedures

2019

  • Percentage of persons removed in relation to total number of people placed in removal procedures
PercentageObservation Date
Not Available2019


14,000

Criminal prison population

2013

  • Criminal prison population
NumberObservation Date
14,0002013


3.2

Percentage of foreign prisoners

2013

  • Percentage of foreign prisoners
PercentageObservation Date
3.22013


53

Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)

2013

  • Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
NumberObservation Date
532013



26,832,000

Population

2015

  • Population
NumberObservation Date
26,832,0002015


344,100

International migrants

2015

  • International migrants
NumberObservation Date
344,1002015
314,7002013


1.3

International migrants as a percentage of the population

2015

  • International migrants as a percentage of the population
PercentageObservation Date
1.32015
1.32013


269,763

Refugees

2016

  • Refugees
NumberObservation Date
269,7632016
263,0472015
257,6452014


9.84

Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants

2014

  • Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
NumberObservation Date
9.842014
9.892013


4,309

Total number of new asylum applications

2016

  • Total number of new asylum applications
NumberObservation Date
4,3092016
6,2662013


46.7

Refugee recognition rate

2014

  • Refugee recognition rate
NumberObservation Date
46.72014
47.82013


0

Stateless persons

2016

  • Stateless persons
NumberObservation Date
02016
02014

International Law Expand all

Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
  10/19
Individual complaints procedure Show sources
NameAcceptance Year
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities2009
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted Show sources
NumberObservation Date
1/72017

Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review Show sources
Recomendation IssuedYear IssuedObservation Date
No20092017
No20142017

Socio Economic Data Expand all

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD) Show sources
Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)Observation Date
1,4082014
Remittances to the country Show sources
Remittances to the country (in millions USD)Observation Date
3,4552014
Unemployment Rate Show sources
Unemployment RateObservation Date
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD) Show sources
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in USD)Observation Date
1,164.22014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP) Show sources
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)UNDP four-tiered rankingObservation Date
160Low2015

Additional Resources


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