Dominican Republic

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

No Data

Detained children

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

02 December 2022 – Dominican Republic

In the past three months, Dominican Republic authorities have significantly stepped up migration controls and forced removals of Haitians, including amongst them pregnant women arrested in hospitals, prompting international condemnation. The country, which has historically pursued a policy of mass deportations, removed more than 60,204 people to Haiti between 1 August and the end of […]

Read More…

El Día

19 November 2021 – Dominican Republic

There has been a sharp uptick in anti-migrant policies and practices in the Dominican Republic in recent months, which have been fuelled in part by COVID-related restrictions and growing public backlash aimed at Haitians. Haiti and the Dominican Republic have a long history of political and racial tensions, often related to migration pressures. The Committee […]

Read More…

A Pregnant Haitian National (El Nacional,

08 December 2020 – Dominican Republic

On 1 March 2020, the first COVID-19 case was confirmed in the Dominican Republic. Between 15 and 19 March, the government adopted a series of emergency measures, including halting flights from Europe, China, South Korea, and Iran; suspending ferry arrivals; and closing border crossings with Haiti. As of December 2020, the country had registered 149,138 […]

Read More…

IOM, “IOM Aids COVID-Impacted Communities on Haiti-Dominican Border and Worldwide,” 10 November 2020, https://reliefweb.int/report/dominican-republic/iom-aids-covid-impacted-communities-haiti-dominican-border-and-worldwide
Last updated:

DETENTION STATISTICS

Total Migration Detainees: Flow + Stock (year)
Not Available
2019

DETAINEE DATA

Total Number of Children Placed in Immigration Detention (Year)
0
2017

DETENTION CAPACITY

ALTERNATIVES TO DETENTION

ADDITIONAL ENFORCEMENT DATA

PRISON DATA

Criminal Prison Population (Year)
24,758
2015
25,500
2013
Percentage of Foreign Prisoners (Year)
6.9
2014
6.1
2013
Prison Population Rate (per 100,000 of National Population)
231
2015
247
2013

POPULATION DATA

Population (Year)
10,800,000
2020
10,528,000
2015
International Migrants (Year)
567,648
2019
415,600
2015
International Migrants as Percentage of Population (Year)
3.9
2015
Refugees (Year)
162
2020
164
2019
170
2018
593
2017
578
2016
615
2015
608
2014
Ratio of Refugees Per 1000 Inhabitants (Year)
0.06
2016
0.06
2014
New Asylum Applications (Year)
233
2019
41
2016
22
2014
Refugee Recognition Rate (Year)
7.7
2014
Stateless Persons (Year)
0
2016
133,770
2015
210,000
2014

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA & POLLS

Gross Domestic Product per Capita (in USD)
6,163
2014
Remittances to the Country
4,650
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net Official Development Assistance (ODA) (in Millions USD)
167
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
101 (High)
2015

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

Does the Country Detain People for Migration, Asylum, or Citizenship Reasons?
Yes
2021
Does the Country Have Specific Laws that Provide for Migration-Related Detention?
Yes
2004

GOVERNANCE SYSTEM

Legal Tradition(s)
Civil law
2017

LEGAL & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

Detention-Related Legislation
Reglamento de Aplicación de la Ley General de Migración (2004)
2004

GROUNDS FOR MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

Children & Other Vulnerable Groups
Accompanied minors (Prohibited)
2012
Unaccompanied minors (Prohibited)
2012

LENGTH OF MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION INSTITUTIONS

PROCEDURAL STANDARDS & SAFEGUARDS

DETENTION MONITORS

> National human rights monitoring bodies

> National Preventive Mechanisms (Optional Protocol to UN Convetion against Torture)

> Non-governmental organisations (NGOs)

> Governmental monitoring bodies

> International detention monitoring

TRANSPARENCY

READMISSION/RETURN/EXTRADITION AGREEMENTS

COVID-19

HEALTH CARE

COVID-19 DATA

Has the country released immigration detainees as a result of the pandemic?
Unknown
2021

Has the country used legal "alternatives to detention" as part of pandemic detention releases?
Unknown
2021

Has the country Temporarily Ceased or Restricted Issuing Detention Orders?
No
2021

Has the Country Adopted These Pandemic-Related Measures for People in Immigration Detention?
COVID-19 Testing: UnknownVaccinations: UnknownProvision of Masks: UnknownProvision of Hygiene Supplies: UnknownSuspension of Visits: Unknown
2021

Has the Country Locked-Down Previously "Open" Reception Facilities, Shelters, Refugee Camps, or Other Forms of Accommodation for Migrant Workers or Other Non-Citizens?
Unknown
2021

Have cases of COVID-19 been reported in immigration detention facilities or any other places used for immigration detention purposes?
Unknown
2021

Has the Country Ceased or Restricted Deportations/Removals During any Period After the Onset of the Pandemic?
No
2021

Has the Country Released People from Criminal Prisons During the Pandemic?
Unknown
2021

Have Officials Blamed Migrants, Asylum Seekers, or Refugees for the Spread of COVID-19?
Unknown
2021

Has the Country Restricted Access to Asylum Procedures?
Unknown
2021

Has the Country Commenced a National Vaccination Campaign?
Yes
2021

Have Populations of Concern Been Included/Excluded From the National Vaccination Campaign?
People in Immigration Custody (including legal in "alternatives to detention" or at open reception centres): UnknownRefugees: ExcludedUndocumented Migrants: ExcludedAsylum Seekers: UnknownStateless People: Unknown
2021

INTERNATIONAL TREATIES

International Treaties Ratified
Ratification Year
Observation Date
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
2012
2012
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
2009
2009
CTOCTP, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children
2008
2008
CTOCSP, Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
2007
2007
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child
1991
1991
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
1983
1983
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
1982
1982
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
1978
1978
ICESCR, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
1978
1978
CRSR, Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
1978
1978
PCRSR, Protocol to the Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
1978
1978
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
1964
1964
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 12/19
Individual Complaints Procedures
Acceptance Year
CRPD, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2009
2009
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999 2001
2001
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 1978
1978
Ratio of Complaints Procedures Accepted
Observation Date
3/7
3/7
Relevant Recommendations Issued by Treaty Bodies
Recommendation Year
Observation Date
Committee on the Rights of the Child

§1.    The Committee is concerned that the inefficient functioning of the National Refugee Commission (CONARE) is greatly affecting the rights of asylum-seeking children and their families, the overwhelming majority of whom are of Haitian nationality. The Committee is also concerned that the inadequate access to identity documents for child refugees and asylum seekers and/or their relatives puts them at risk of detention and deportation and impedes their access to health care and education.

2.    The Committee recommends that the State party:

...

(b)    Ensure that the National Refugee Commission undertakes child refugee status determination (RSD) through a fair and efficient asylum procedure, in accordance with international standards and in cooperation with UNHCR;

(c)    Ensure the speedy and cost-free processing of temporary identity documents for child refugees and asylum-seekers and their relatives, including documentation certifying legal residency for those who were recognized under the UNHCR mandate.

2015
2015
2015
Human Rights Committee

§20. The Committee remains concerned at the practice of deporting foreigners in conditions that are incompatible with the provisions of the Covenant. The Committee also regrets the detention for unspecified periods of persons who are going to be deported (arts. 9 and 10).

The State party should provide all persons subject to a deportation process with the guarantees established by the Covenant, abolish the detention for an unspecified time period of persons who are going to be deported and provide detained persons with effective remedies.

2012
2012
2012
Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination

§13. The Committee is concerned at information received according to which migrants of Haitian origin, whether documented or undocumented, are allegedly detained and subject to collective deportations (“repatriations”) to Haiti without any guarantee of due process (arts. 5 (a) and 6).

Taking into account its general recommendation 30 (2004) on non-citizens, the Committee recommends that the State party:

  (a)       Ensure that laws concerning deportation or other forms of removal of non-citizens from the jurisdiction of the State party do not discriminate in purpose or effect among non-citizens on the basis of race, colour or ethnic or national origin;

  (b)       Ensure that non-citizens are not subject to collective expulsion, in particular in situations where there are insufficient guarantees that the personal circumstances of each of the persons concerned have been taken into account;

  (c)        Avoid the expulsion of non-citizens, especially of long-term residents, that would result in disproportionate interference with the right to family life;

  (d)       Ensure that non-citizens have equal access to effective remedies, including the right to challenge expulsion orders, and are allowed to pursue such remedies effectively. The Committee further recommends that the State party take the necessary measures to accelerate the approval of the provision of Migration Law No. 285-04 setting guidelines on the principle of due process in deportation or expulsion procedures.

The Committee invites the State party to adopt humane and internationally accepted measures in dealing with undocumented migrants.

2008
2008
2008
Human Rights Committee 24. The State party should, as a matter of urgency, take specific steps to: [...] (c) Avoid the arbitrary and indefinite detention of migrants, asylum seekers and refugee claimants, ensure that they have access to a lawyer and information on their rights, including at the border, and provide for alternatives to detention for asylum seekers and refugee claimants, ensuring that detention is used only as a last resort; [...] (d) Implement training programmes regarding the Covenant, international standards on asylum and refugee status, and human rights for the staff of migration institutions and border personnel; [...] 2017
2017
Committee on the Rights of the Child § 40. "The Committee reiterates its previous recommendation (CRC/C/DOM/CO/ 2, paras. 49 and 51) and recommends that the State party: (a) Continue to evaluate the impact of social programmes for families, improve their efficiency and provide them with adequate resources; (b) Not deport children who are in the care of their family in the State party and ensure that children are not deported to a country where their protection is not guaranteed; (c) Strengthen its efforts to prevent the separation of children from their parents in the context of migration for economic reasons and ensure that persons who left the country to work abroad are able to meet their parental responsibilities, including by providing them with family counselling; (d) Design and put in place programmes to support single-headed households, particularly those headed by adolescent girls, and ensure that they have access to early childhood care, health and education... 62. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Ensure that children are not deported to a country where their rights risk being violated; (b) Ensure that the National Refugee Commission undertakes child refugee status determination (RSD) through a fair and efficient asylum procedure, in accordance with international standards and in cooperation with UNHCR; (c) Ensure the speedy and cost-free processing of temporary identity documents for child refugees and asylum-seekers and their relatives, including documentation certifying legal residency for those who were recognized under the UNHCR mandate; (d) Provide access to education, health, shelter and other services to which child refugees and asylum-seekers are entitled pursuant to the Convention. 64. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Strengthen efforts to provide unaccompanied migrant children with shelter, care and protection; (b) Continue its efforts towards the adoption of coordination protocols between the authorities responsible for the protection of children at the border between the Dominican Republic and Haiti, as well as protocols for the voluntary return of migrant children, with guarantees of due process." 2015
2015

NON-TREATY-BASED INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Visits by Special Procedures of the UN Human Rights Council
Year of Visit
Observation Date
Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance 2007
2007
2015
Relevant Recommendations from the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2010
2017
Yes 2019
No 2014

REGIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Regional Legal Instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
Observation Date
ACHR, American Convention on Human Rights 1978
1978
IACPPT, Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture 1986
1986
CBDP, Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women (Convention of Belem do Para) 1996
1996

DETENTION COSTS

OUTSOURCING

FOREIGN SOURCES OF FUNDING FOR DETENTION OPERATIONS