No detention centre mapping data

Peru Immigration Detention

Quick Facts

Detained minors (2017): Not Available
New asylum applications (2016): 4,328

Centres List

No detention centres data available

Statistics Expand all

Not Available

Total number of detained minors


  • Total number of detained minors
NumberObservation Date
Not Available2017


Criminal prison population


  • Criminal prison population
NumberObservation Date


Percentage of foreign prisoners


  • Percentage of foreign prisoners
PercentageObservation Date


Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)


  • Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
NumberObservation Date




  • Refugees
NumberObservation Date


Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants


  • Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
NumberObservation Date


Total number of new asylum applications


  • Total number of new asylum applications
NumberObservation Date


Stateless persons


  • Stateless persons
NumberObservation Date

Domestic Law Expand all

Legal tradition Show sources
NameObservation Date
Civil law2017

Latest Update Show sources
Update StatusObservation Date
The Covid-19 crisis has had a dramatic impact on Peru’s economic and social situation. As of 25 May 2020, Peru had recorded more than 260,000 cases and 8,586 deaths related to the disease, making it the Latin American country with most cases and deaths from Covid-19 after Brazil. A report by the World Bank Group reported that Venezuelan migrants residing in Peru (around 830,000) are particularly at risk from Covid-19 due to several factors, including inadequate access to health and social services as well as loss of employment. The report stated that when falling ill, only 33 percent of Venezuelan migrants (compared to 48 percent of Peruvians) sought medical care in a health centre or a doctor’s office, mostly due to a lack of financial resources and insurance coverage. Many Venezuelan migrants in Peru work in the informal sector and due to the Covid-19 crisis have lost their employment and income, leaving many in a situation of extreme poverty. UN agencies have distributed food parcels and water, provided by the private sector, to some 5,000 families in vulnerable situations. This was intended to cover essential needs during the sanitary emergency to avoid people going out to buy food. According to the IOM director in Peru, “more than 80% of the Venezuelan population in Peru works in the informal sector and that people live off daily income. After 25 days of compulsory social isolation, these persons are in great need of assistance.” Migrants and refugees are being accommodated in overpopulated shelters. “Accion contra el Hambre” has been distributing food, water, and hygiene kits across the shelters as well as providing support to improve their sanitation infrastructure and hygiene conditions. The organisation has reported that Venezuelan migrants are suffering from increased xenophobia and that this vulnerable population has been left out of subsidy plans during the pandemic. Certain measures have been taken to reduce the spread of Covid-19 within penal institutions. Peruvian authorities announced the creation of 60 temporary facilities to treat prisoners suffering from Covid-19 on 20 April and thousands of prisoners have been released since April. On 19 May, 933 prisoners were released, most of whom were at least 60 years old and had been sentenced for minor offences. The following day, the Minister of Justice announced that they expect to release approximately 10,000 prisoners on remand and at least 2,500 convicted offenders. A riot took place on 27 April at the Miguel Castro Castro prison in Lima, which is severely overpopulated. Although it has a capacity of only 1,140 places, there are reportedly 5,500 prisoners. Three prisoners were killed following an operation led by the police and prison guards intended to regain control of the prison. As of 20 May, 2,800 members of staff (out of 11,000) and 3,212 prisoners (out of 96,870) were tested for the disease and 674 employees and 1,223 prisoners tested positive.2020

International Law Expand all

International treaties Show sources
NameRatification Year
OP CRC Communications Procedure2016
CRSSP, Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons2014
ICPED, International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance2012
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2008
OPCAT, Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment2006
ICRMW, International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families2005
CTOCSP, Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime2002
CTOCTP, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children2002
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child1990
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment1988
PCRSR, Protocol to the Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees1983
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women1982
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights1978
ICESCR, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights1978
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations1978
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination1971
CRSR, Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees1964
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Individual complaints procedure Show sources
NameAcceptance Year
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities2008
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 19992001
CAT, declaration under article 22 of the Convention1988
ICERD, declaration under article 14 of the Convention1984
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 19661980
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted Show sources
NumberObservation Date
Relevant recommendations issued by treaty bodies Show sources
NameRecommendation ExcerptRecommendation Year
Committee on Migrant Workers"§31. take the necessary measures to guarantee that detention of migrant workers in an irregular situation is a measure of last resort and that detention in all circumstances is conducted in accordance with article 16 and article 17, paragraph 2, of the convention, and also with the committee’s general comment no. 2 on the rights of migrant workers in an irregular situation and members of their families. it also recommends that the state party should provide detailed information on this issue in its next periodic report, including the information mentioned in the previous paragraph."2015

Regional legal instruments Show sources
NameYear of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ACHR, American Convention on Human Rights1978
IACPPT, Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture1990
APACHR, Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights1995
CBDP, Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women (Convention of Belem do Para)1996
IACFDP, Inter-American convention on Forced Disappearance of Persons2002

Visits by special procedures of the Human Rights Council Show sources
NameYear of VisitObservation Date
Working Group on arbitrary detention19982015
Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health20042015
Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants20042015
Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery20112015
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review Show sources
Recomendation IssuedYear IssuedObservation Date

Socio Economic Data Expand all

Pew Global Attitudes Poll on Immigration Show sources
% who agree with the statement “We should restrict and control entry of people into our country more than we do now.”Observation Date

Country Links

Government Agencies

International Organisations

NGOs, NHRIs, and Research Institutions


Additional Resources

Immigration Detention through the Lens of International Human Rights: Lessons from South America – Global Detention Project Working Paper No. 23

Why hasn’t South America witnessed the same growth in immigration detention regimes that has occurred in the rest of the world? This Global Detention Project Working Paper discusses developments across the region through the lens of international human rights standards.

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