Peru

Refugees

6,543

2022

Asylum Applications

537,461

2022

International Migrants

1,224,519

2020

Population

34,400,000

2023

International Migrants as % of Population

3.71%

2020

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

22 July 2020 – Peru

Peru’s Ombudsman’s office (Defensoría del Pueblo), responding to the Global Detention Project’s Covid-19 survey, stated that to their knowledge, no one had been detained for migration reasons during the pandemic. They also noted that there is no formal immigration detention estate in the country. After the declaration of the state of emergency in the country, […]

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Police and Armed Forces Standing in the Street, (Getty Images,

26 June 2020 – Peru

The Covid-19 crisis has had a dramatic impact on Peru’s economic and social situation. As of 25 May 2020, Peru had recorded more than 260,000 cases and 8,586 deaths related to the disease, making it the Latin American country with most cases and deaths from Covid-19 after Brazil. A report by the World Bank Group […]

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IOM Worker Handing Food Parcels to Migrants, (IOM,
Last updated:

DETENTION STATISTICS

Total Migration Detainees: Flow + Stock (year)
Not Available
2019

DETAINEE DATA

Total Number of Children Placed in Immigration Detention (Year)
0
2017

DETENTION CAPACITY

ALTERNATIVES TO DETENTION

ADDITIONAL ENFORCEMENT DATA

PRISON DATA

Criminal Prison Population (Year)
82,898
2017
45,464
2010
39,684
2007
31,311
2004
26,968
2001
26,059
1998
20,899
1995
15,718
1992
Percentage of Foreign Prisoners (Year)
2.1
2017
Prison Population Rate (per 100,000 of National Population)
260
2017
154
2010
139
2007
114
2004
102
2001
103
1998
87
1995
69
1992

POPULATION DATA

Population (Year)
34,400,000
2023
33,000,000
2020
International Migrants (Year)
1,224,519
2020
782,169
2019
International Migrants as Percentage of Population (Year)
3.71
2020
Refugees (Year)
6,543
2022
5,790
2021
4,272
2020
2,850
2019
2,529
2018
1,817
2017
1,590
2016
1,488
2015
1,303
2014
Ratio of Refugees Per 1000 Inhabitants (Year)
0.05
2016
Asylum Applications (Year)
537,461
2022
259,833
2019
4,328
2016
Stateless Persons (Year)
0
2022
0
2016

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA & POLLS

Pew Global Attitudes Poll on Immigration
51
2013

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

GOVERNANCE SYSTEM

Legal Tradition(s)
Civil law
2017

LEGAL & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

GROUNDS FOR MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

Children & Other Vulnerable Groups
Unaccompanied minors No
2020

LENGTH OF MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION INSTITUTIONS

PROCEDURAL STANDARDS & SAFEGUARDS

DETENTION MONITORS

> National human rights monitoring bodies

> National Preventive Mechanisms (Optional Protocol to UN Convetion against Torture)

> Non-governmental organisations (NGOs)

> Governmental monitoring bodies

> International detention monitoring

TRANSPARENCY

READMISSION/RETURN/EXTRADITION AGREEMENTS

COVID-19

HEALTH CARE

COVID-19 DATA

INTERNATIONAL TREATIES

International Treaties Ratified
Ratification Year
Observation Date
OP CRC Communications Procedure
2016
2018
CRSSP, Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons
2014
2014
ICPED, International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance
2012
2012
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
2008
2008
OPCAT, Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
2006
2006
ICRMW, International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
2005
2005
CTOCSP, Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
2002
2002
CTOCTP, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children
2002
2002
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child
1990
1990
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
1988
1988
PCRSR, Protocol to the Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
1983
1983
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
1982
1982
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
1978
1978
ICESCR, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
1978
1978
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
1978
1978
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
1971
1971
CRSR, Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
1964
1964
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 17/19
Individual Complaints Procedures
Acceptance Year
CRPD, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2008
2008
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999 2001
2001
CAT, declaration under article 22 of the Convention 1988
1988
ICERD, declaration under article 14 of the Convention 1984
1984
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 1980
1980
Ratio of Complaints Procedures Accepted
Observation Date
5/9
5/9
Relevant Recommendations Issued by Treaty Bodies
Recommendation Year
Observation Date
Committee on Migrant Workers "§31. take the necessary measures to guarantee that detention of migrant workers in an irregular situation is a measure of last resort and that detention in all circumstances is conducted in accordance with article 16 and article 17, paragraph 2, of the convention, and also with the committee’s general comment no. 2 on the rights of migrant workers in an irregular situation and members of their families. it also recommends that the state party should provide detailed information on this issue in its next periodic report, including the information mentioned in the previous paragraph." 2015
2015

NON-TREATY-BASED INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Visits by Special Procedures of the UN Human Rights Council
Year of Visit
Observation Date
Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants 2004
2004
2015
Working Group on arbitrary detention 1998
1998
2015
Special Rapporteur on the right of everyone to the enjoyment of the highest attainable standard of physical and mental health 2004
2004
2015
Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of slavery 2011
2011
2015
Relevant Recommendations from the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2008
2017
No 2012

REGIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Regional Legal Instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
Observation Date
IACPPT, Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture 1990
1990
IACFDP, Inter-American convention on Forced Disappearance of Persons 2002
2002
CBDP, Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women (Convention of Belem do Para) 1996
1996
APACHR, Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 1995
1995
ACHR, American Convention on Human Rights 1978
1978

DETENTION COSTS

OUTSOURCING

FOREIGN SOURCES OF FUNDING FOR DETENTION OPERATIONS