No detention centre mapping data


Cambodia Immigration Detention

Quick Facts


International migrants (2015): 74,000
New asylum applications (2016): 208

Centres List

No detention centres data available

Statistics Expand all



21,989

Criminal prison population

2016

  • Criminal prison population
NumberObservation Date
21,9892016
14,6972013
14,0432010
10,9022007
6,7782004
6,1792001
3,2331998
2,4901995


4.2

Percentage of foreign prisoners

2016

  • Percentage of foreign prisoners
PercentageObservation Date
4.22016
3.92011


138

Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)

2016

  • Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
NumberObservation Date
1382016
1002013
992010
792007
512004
492001
271998
221995



15,578,000

Population

2015

  • Population
NumberObservation Date
15,578,0002015


74,000

International migrants

2015

  • International migrants
NumberObservation Date
74,0002015


0.5

International migrants as a percentage of the population

2015

  • International migrants as a percentage of the population
PercentageObservation Date
0.52015


67

Refugees

2017

  • Refugees
NumberObservation Date
672017
612016
762015
632014


208

Total number of new asylum applications

2016

  • Total number of new asylum applications
NumberObservation Date
2082016
372014


50

Refugee recognition rate

2014

  • Refugee recognition rate
NumberObservation Date
502014


57,444

Stateless persons

2018

  • Stateless persons
NumberObservation Date
57,4442018
02016
02015

Domestic Law Expand all

Legal tradition Show sources
NameObservation Date
Civil law2017

Latest Update Show sources
Update StatusObservation Date
Cambodia has had few confirmed cases of Covid-19, numbering just over 100 as of mid-May. The country has taken a number of measures to prevent the spread of the disease. On 20 March, the border with Vietnam was closed and general entry restrictions were implemented for foreign travelers. On 30 March, it suspended the issuance of visas for all foreign nationals. In April, travel between provinces and districts was restricted. Due to the Covid-19 pandemic, many businesses have closed in Thailand and in consequence, more than 90,000 Cambodian migrant workers have lost their employment and many have returned to Cambodia. UN agencies report that they are working with the Cambodian Government to ensure that migrant workers and their families receive assistance in terms of shelter and food. The UN and partners are working to include migrants in the social protection support package being proposed as part of the exceptional measures created by the Government to mitigate the impact of Covid-19 among vulnerable groups. IOM Cambodia has printed and distributed information, education and communication materials developed by the Ministry of Health and the WHO. The organisation is also collaborating with UNICEF to manage a hotline providing returning migrants with information regarding access to essential healthcare and psychological support. In addition, IOM Cambodia says that it is working with border authorities to monitor migrants’ cross border movement in order to understand their mobility, respond to their needs, and inform preparedness and response strategies. Human Rights Watch says that Cambodian authorities are using the Covid-19 pandemic to carry out arbitrary arrests of opposition supporters and government critics. At least 30 people, including 12 linked to the now dissolved Cambodian National Rescue Party have been arrested on charges of spreading “fake news” and other offences. HRW has urged the government to immediately and unconditionally drop the charges against all those accused of crimes in violation of their rights to freedom of expression and association. Human rights groups have called on the government to take measures in the country’s prisons, which reportedly have nearly 40,000 inmates despite a capacity of just over 25,000. Due to overcrowding, social distancing measures are effectively impossible in the country’s prisons. Human Rights Watch called on the government to “immediately release people who should not be in custody, including pretrial detainees held for minor offenses, and political prisoners.” According to Amnesty International, Cambodian detention facilities “are a ‘ticking time bomb’ for a potentially disastrous coronavirus outbreak.” Footage releases by the organization revealed terrible conditions in which inmates are being held. The Director in the Office of the Secretary-General at Amnesty International called out the government to “urgently ease this overcrowding crisis while giving all detainees access to appropriate healthcare without discrimination.” ICRC reports that it has been working in prisons to prevent the spread of Covid-19. On 10 April, the organisation signed an agreement with the General Department of Prisons for the donation of 20 tonnes of medical materials including 50kg of calcium hypochlorite powder, protective clothing, boots, gloves, goggles, water spray buckets, sanitisers and medical face masks. On 20 April, it organised training on disinfection of prisons with chlorine for 28 different prisons. The Ministry of Health insisted that prisoners must wash their hands regularly, not touch their faces and wear masks. In late March, HRW reported that Cambodian Muslims had been facing discrimination since the beginning of the pandemic. They were accused by the Health Ministry of spreading the virus, which led to “led to an outburst of discriminatory and hateful comments online, and discriminatory daily interactions at markets, shops, and community areas against Cambodia’s minority Muslim communities.”2020

International Law Expand all

International treaties Show sources
NameRatification Year
ICPED, International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance2013
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2012
OPCAT, Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment2007
CTOCTP, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children2007
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations2006
CTOCSP, Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime2005
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights1992
ICESCR, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights1992
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women1992
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment1992
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child1992
CRSR, Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees1992
PCRSR, Protocol to the Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees1992
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination1983
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
  14/19
Individual complaints procedure Show sources
NameAcceptance Year
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 19992010
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted Show sources
NumberObservation Date
1/82017

Regional legal instruments Show sources
NameYear of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ASEAN CATPWC Convention Against Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children2016

Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review Show sources
Recomendation IssuedYear IssuedObservation Date
No20102017
No20142017

Institutions Expand all

Custodial authority Show sources
AgencyMinistryMinistry TypologyObservation Date
Cambodian police2006
Cambodian police2006

Socio Economic Data Expand all

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD) Show sources
Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)Observation Date
1,0942014
Remittances to the country Show sources
Remittances to the country (in millions USD)Observation Date
3042014
Unemployment Rate Show sources
Unemployment RateObservation Date
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD) Show sources
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in USD)Observation Date
799.42014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP) Show sources
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)UNDP four-tiered rankingObservation Date
143Medium2015

Country Links

Government Agencies

Ministry of the Interior, http://www.interior.gov.kh/

International Organisations

International Organisation for Migration Cambodia, https://www.iom.int/countries/cambodia

UN High Commissioner for Refugees Cambodia Country Information Page, http://www.unhcr.org/cambodia.html

NGO & Research Institutions

Cambodian Human Rights Action Coalition, http://www.chrac.org/en/

Media

The Phnom Penh Post, http://www.phnompenhpost.com/

The Cambodia Daily, https://www.cambodiadaily.com/news/


Additional Resources


Back To Top