Brunei Darussalam

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

400,000

Population

2020

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

02 September 2020

There is little available information about the treatment of migrants or asylum seekers in Brunei. The government reports that the country has no asylum seekers or refugees, although in the past the country has reported that it has more than 20,000 stateless residents. On 17 March, the Health Ministry stated that “any individual arriving in Brunei” would face a penalty of “imprisonment up to a period of 6 months, or a fine up to $10,000, or both” if they did not comply with the mandatory quarantine. As of 2 September 2020, there had been 144 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the country.


Last updated:

ENFORCEMENT DATA

Total Migration Detainees: Flow + Stock (year)
Not Available
2019
Total Number of Children Placed in Immigration Detention (Year)
Not Available
2017
Criminal Prison Population (Year)
565
2015
549
2013
427
2011
453
2008
492
2005
454
2002
286
1999
307
1996
186
1993
Percentage of Foreign Prisoners (Year)
29.6
2015
29.5
2013
Prison Population Rate (per 100,000 of National Population)
134
2015
131
2013
105
2011
118
2008
136
2005
133
2002
89
1999
103
1996
68
1993

POPULATION DATA

Population (Year)
400,000
2020
423,000
2015
International Migrants (Year)
110,641
2019
102,700
2015
International Migrants as Percentage of Population (Year)
24.3
2015
Refugees (Year)
0
2016
Stateless Persons (Year)
20,863
2018
20,524
2016
20,524
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA & POLLS

Gross Domestic Product per Capita (in USD)
40,979
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
31 (Very high)
2015

B. Attitudes and Perceptions

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

Does the Country Detain People for Migration, Asylum, or Citizenship Reasons?
Unknown
2022
Does the Country Have Specific Laws that Provide for Migration-Related Detention?
Yes
1956

LEGAL & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

GROUNDS FOR MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

LENGTH OF MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION INSTITUTIONS

PROCEDURAL STANDARDS & SAFEGUARDS

DETENTION MONITORS

TRANSPARENCY

READMISSION/RETURN/EXTRADITION AGREEMENTS

COVID-19

HEALTH CARE

COVID-19 DATA

Has the country released immigration detainees as a result of the pandemic?
Unknown
2022

Has the country used legal "alternatives to detention" as part of pandemic detention releases?
Unknown
2022

Has the country Temporarily Ceased or Restricted Issuing Detention Orders?
Unknown
2022

Has the Country Adopted These Pandemic-Related Measures for People in Immigration Detention?
COVID-19 Testing: UnknownVaccinations: UnknownProvision of Masks: UnknownProvision of Hygiene Supplies: UnknownSuspension of Visits: Unknown
2022

Has the Country Locked-Down Previously "Open" Reception Facilities, Shelters, Refugee Camps, or Other Forms of Accommodation for Migrant Workers or Other Non-Citizens?
Unknown
2022

Have cases of COVID-19 been reported in immigration detention facilities or any other places used for immigration detention purposes?
Unknown
2022

Has the Country Ceased or Restricted Deportations/Removals During any Period After the Onset of the Pandemic?
Unknown
2022

Has the Country Released People from Criminal Prisons During the Pandemic?
Unknown
2022

Have Officials Blamed Migrants, Asylum Seekers, or Refugees for the Spread of COVID-19?
Unknown
2022

Has the Country Restricted Access to Asylum Procedures?
Yes
2021

Has the Country Commenced a National Vaccination Campaign?
Yes
2021

Have Populations of Concern Been Included/Excluded From the National Vaccination Campaign?
People in Immigration Custody (including legal in "alternatives to detention" or at open reception centres): UnknownRefugees: UnknownUndocumented Migrants: UnknownAsylum Seekers: UnknownStateless People: Unknown
2022

INTERNATIONAL TREATIES

International Treaties Ratified
Ratification Year
Observation Date
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
2013
2017
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
2006
2017
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child
1995
2017
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
2016
2016
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 4/19
Treaty Reservations
Reservation Year
Observation Date
CRC Article 14 2015
2015
2017
Ratio of Complaints Procedures Accepted
Observation Date
0/2
2017

NON-TREATY-BASED INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Relevant Recommendations from the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
Yes 2010
2017
No 2014
2017
Yes 2019

REGIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

GOVERNANCE SYSTEM

Legal Tradition(s)
Common law
2017
Muslim law
2017
Customary law
2017

DETENTION COSTS

OUTSOURCING

FOREIGN SOURCES OF FUNDING FOR DETENTION OPERATIONS