No detention centre mapping data


Maldives Immigration Detention

Maldives, an archipelago in the Indian Ocean, has experienced an uptick in the number of foreign workers in recent years, which has spurred a government crackdown on irregular migration. The country appears to have one dedicated migrant detention facility, located in the capital Malé. The centre, which is operated by the DIE’s Expatriate Monitoring Centre, has a reported capacity of 50. A 2009 report by the Human Rights Commission of Maldives claimed that many detainees are confined at the facility unconstitutionally because they are held for more than a month without court order.

Quick Facts


International migrants (2015): 94,100

Profile Updated: March 2009

Maldives Immigration Detention Profile

Located in the Indian Ocean, the Republic of Maldives is an archipelago that includes some 200 inhabited islands. The country has a population of nearly 400,000, more than a quarter of whom live in the capital Malé. The country held its first-ever democratic presidential election in 2008.

According to government authorities, as of 2009 Maldives was home to an estimated 80,000 legal foreign workers and more than 20,000 undocumented workers (Maldives Chronicle 2009). Most of the foreign-born population is comprised of Indians and Bangladeshis (Maldives Chronicle 2008).

The increasing number of foreign-born workers in the country has spurred a government crackdown in recent years. In January 2009, for example, the government issued a deadline for “illegal expatriates” to leave the country within two months or be prosecuted (Maldives Chronicle 2009).

In October 2007, the Department of Immigration and Emigration (DIE) proposed constructing a dedicated migrant detention centre “for the foreigners who violate their stay permit in Maldives especially expatriates. There is a concern for the increasing number of foreign workers who are working illegally in Maldives (DIE 2007).

Detention Policy

The 2007 Immigration Act stipulates rules for the detention and deportation of foreign nationals. According to Section 29 of the act, in cases where a foreign national does not qualify for an entry permit (as per Section 8 of the act), the Controller of Immigration and Emigration has “the power to detain the foreign national at a place where the Controller of Immigration and Emigration deems fit.” In addition, “The owner of the vessel in which the foreign national arrived, shall bear the expenses related to the foreign national’s detention and/or deportation as stipulated in this section.” Section 21 stipulates that in cases of foreign nationals whose permits have been revoked, “This Act does not prevent the Controller of Immigration and Emigration making arrangements for accommodation of a foreign national whom, pursuant to subsection (c), is unable to depart immediately from the Maldives, and is compelled to remain in the Maldives” (Immigration Act 2007).

Detention Infrastructure

As of March 2009, Maldives had one dedicated migrant detention facility, located in the capital. The centre, which is operated by the DIE’s Expatriate Monitoring Centre, has a reported capacity of 50 (HRCM 2009). A 2009 report by the Human Rights Commission of Maldives claimed that many detainees are confined at the facility unconstitutionally because they are held for more than a month without court order (Daily Mirror 2009).

References

Centres List

No detention centres data available

Statistics Expand all



1,880

Criminal prison population

2016

  • Criminal prison population
NumberObservation Date
1,8802016
1,0502013
9942012
9932008
1,3872003
1,0981996


1.1

Percentage of foreign prisoners

2004

  • Percentage of foreign prisoners
PercentageObservation Date
1.12004


514

Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)

2016

  • Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
NumberObservation Date
5142016
3202013
3072012
3222008
4362003
4141996



364,000

Population

2015

  • Population
NumberObservation Date
364,0002015
300,0002012


94,100

International migrants

2015

  • International migrants
NumberObservation Date
94,1002015
84,2002013


25.9

International migrants as a percentage of the population

2015

  • International migrants as a percentage of the population
PercentageObservation Date
25.92015
8.32013


31

Refugees

2014

  • Refugees
NumberObservation Date
312014

International Law Expand all

Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
  10/19
International treaty reservations Show sources
NameReservation YearObservation Date
CRC Article 1419911991
Individual complaints procedure Show sources
NameAcceptance Year
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 19662006
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 19992006
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted Show sources
NumberObservation Date
2/72017

Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review Show sources
Recomendation IssuedYear IssuedObservation Date
No20112017
No20152017

Institutions Expand all

Custodial authority Show sources
AgencyMinistryMinistry TypologyObservation Date
Department of Immigration and Emigration2009
Detention Facility Management Show sources
Entity NameEntity TypeObservation Date
Expatriate Monitoring centre of the Department of Immigration and EmigrationGovernmental2009
Types of detention facilities used in practice
Immigration detention centre (Administrative)Immigration field office (Administrative)Transit centre (Administrative)Reception centre (Administrative)Offshore detention centre (Administrative)Hospital (Administrative)Border guard (Administrative)Police station (Criminal)National penitentiary (Criminal)Local prison (Criminal)Juvenile detention centre (Criminal)Informal camp (Ad hoc)Immigration detention centre (Ad hoc)Surge facility (Ad hoc)Observation Date
2015

Socio Economic Data Expand all

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD) Show sources
Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)Observation Date
7,6352014
6,6662013
Remittances to the country Show sources
Remittances to the country (in millions USD)Observation Date
32014
42011
Remittances from the country Show sources
Remittances from the country (in millions USD)Observation Date
1102010
Unemployment Rate Show sources
Unemployment RateObservation Date
11.62014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD) Show sources
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in USD)Observation Date
24.82014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP) Show sources
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)UNDP four-tiered rankingObservation Date
104Medium2015
103Medium2014

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