Togo

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

118

New asylum applications

2019

11,968

Refugees

2020

279,142

International migrants

2019

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

Related Reading

20 August 2020

Protective Equipment Including Masks, Disinfectant Gel, Soap, and Food Given to UNHCR to Distribute, (UNHCR,
Protective Equipment Including Masks, Disinfectant Gel, Soap, and Food Given to UNHCR to Distribute, (UNHCR, "Assistance Aux Réfugiés," République Togolaise, 25 June 2020, https://www.republicoftogo.com//Toutes-les-rubriques/Cooperation/Assistance-aux-refugies)

According to the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of Togo, there are no dedicated immigration detention centres in the country, and thus it did not answer questions on the GDP Covid-19 survey concerning measures taken to safeguard immigration detainees. However, the commission appeared to indicate that due to border closures, non-citizens stranded in Togo whose visas have expired during the pandemic did not face any administrative measures or sanctions (“ne sont pas inquiétés”).

The first case of Covid-19 in Togo was identified as being a Togolese national who returned to the country on 6 March from Europe via Benin. By 31 July, there had been 908 reported cases in the country and 18 related deaths. According to the Togolese government, 11,968 refugees are currently living in the country; UNHCR and partner agencies have since the start of the pandemic reportedly provided various forms of assistance, including donations of food, water, masks, disinfectant gel, and cleaning materials.

In its response to the GDP survey, the National Human Rights Commission said that “illegal migrants” are required to seek to regularise their situation in order to undertake “legal activities.” Those who fail to regularise are told to leave the country within a “reasonable delay” rather than face “imprisonment.” However, the commission did not indicate what remedies are pursued in cases where people refuse or are unable to leave the country after being ordered to do so.

Many of these details were previously reported by the Togolese Ministry of Public Service, Labour, Administrative Reform and Social Protection, in March 2019, as part of its submission to the UN Committee on Migrant Workers’ questionnaire concerning “General Comment No. 5 on Migrants’ Rights to Liberty and Freedom from Arbitrary Detention Questionnaire.” The ministry said that immigration detention in Togo did not exist, saying that the country instead favours the regularisation of undocumented migrants. It also said that there were no immigration detention centres in the country as well as no criminal sanctions for irregular entry or stay in Togo “for refugees or asylum seekers, arriving directly from a country where their life or freedom was threatened,” in accordance with Article 21 Law N° 2016 - 021 of 24 August 2016. However, similar to the National Human Rights Commission’s response to the GDP Covid-19 survey, the ministry failed to provide any information about measures taken in cases where people refuse or are unable to leave the country after being ordered to do so.


Last updated:

ENFORCEMENT DATA

Total Detainees/ Stock & Flow (Year)
Not Available
2019
Total Number of Children Placed in Immigration Detention (Year)
Not Available
2017
Criminal Prison Population (Year)
4,422
2015
4,060
2012
4,116
2010
3,200
2003
2,043
1998
Percentage of Foreign Prisoners (Year)
5.2
2013
Prison Population Rate (per 100,000 of National Population)
62
2015
64
2012
68
2010
65
2003
46
1998

POPULATION DATA

Population (Year)
8,300,000
2020
7,305,000
2015
International Migrants (Year)
279,142
2019
276,800
2015
International Migrants as Percentage of Population (Year)
3.8
2015
Refugees (Year)
11,968
2020
11,964
2019
12,336
2018
12,426
2017
12,476
2016
21,877
2015
21,778
2014
Ratio of Refugees Per 1000 Inhabitants (Year)
1.67
2016
3.06
2014
New Asylum Applications (Year)
118
2019
203
2016
429
2014
Refugee Recognition Rate (Year)
100
2014
Stateless Persons (Year)
0
2016
0
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA & POLLS

Gross Domestic Product per Capita (in USD)
635
2014
Remittances to the Country
343
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net Official Development Assistance (ODA) (in Millions USD)
208.1
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
129 (Medium)
2015

B. Attitudes and Perceptions

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

LEGAL & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

Do Migration Detainees Have Constitutional Guarantees?
Yes (Article 13 and 15) 1992 2007
1992
Detention-Related Legislation
Loi N°2016-021 du 24 Aout 2016 portant status de réfugié au Togo (2016)
2016

GROUNDS FOR MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

Immigration-Status-Related Grounds
None
2019
Has the Country Decriminalised Immigration-Related Violations?
Yes
2016

LENGTH OF MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION INSTITUTIONS

PROCEDURAL STANDARDS & SAFEGUARDS

DETENTION MONITORS

TRANSPARENCY

READMISSION/RETURN/EXTRADITION AGREEMENTS

COVID-19

HEALTH CARE

COVID-19 DATA

INTERNATIONAL TREATIES

International Treaties Ratified
Ratification Year
Observation Date
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
1983
2017
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
1972
2017
ICESCR, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
1984
2017
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
1984
2017
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
1983
2017
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
1987
2017
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child
1990
2017
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
2011
2017
ICPED, International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance
2014
2017
CRSR, Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
1962
2017
CTOCTP, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children
2009
2017
CTOCSP, Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
2010
2017
OPCAT, Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
2010
2010
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 13/19
Individual Complaints Procedures
Acceptance Year
Observation Date
ICERD, declaration under article 14 of the Convention 2015
2015
2017
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 1988
1988
2017
CAT, declaration under article 22 of the Convention 1987
1987
2017
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2011
2011
2017
Ratio of Complaints Procedures Accepted
Observation Date
4/8
2017

NON-TREATY-BASED INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Relevant Recommendations from the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2011
2017
No 2016
2017

REGIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Regional Legal Instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
Observation Date
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights 1982
1982
2017
ACRWC, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child 1998
1998
2017
APRW, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol) 2005
2005
2017

GOVERNANCE SYSTEM

Legal Tradition(s)
Civil law
2017
Customary law
2017

DETENTION COSTS

OUTSOURCING

FOREIGN SOURCES OF FUNDING FOR DETENTION OPERATIONS