Togo

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

118

New asylum applications

2019

11,968

Refugees

2020

279,142

International migrants

2019

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

Related Reading

20 August 2020

Protective Equipment Including Masks, Disinfectant Gel, Soap, and Food Given to UNHCR to Distribute, (UNHCR,
Protective Equipment Including Masks, Disinfectant Gel, Soap, and Food Given to UNHCR to Distribute, (UNHCR, "Assistance Aux Réfugiés," République Togolaise, 25 June 2020, https://www.republicoftogo.com//Toutes-les-rubriques/Cooperation/Assistance-aux-refugies)

According to the National Human Rights Commission (NHRC) of Togo, there are no dedicated immigration detention centres in the country, and thus it did not answer questions on the GDP Covid-19 survey concerning measures taken to safeguard immigration detainees. However, the commission appeared to indicate that due to border closures, non-citizens stranded in Togo whose visas have expired during the pandemic did not face any administrative measures or sanctions (“ne sont pas inquiétés”).

The first case of Covid-19 in Togo was identified as being a Togolese national who returned to the country on 6 March from Europe via Benin. By 31 July, there had been 908 reported cases in the country and 18 related deaths. According to the Togolese government, 11,968 refugees are currently living in the country; UNHCR and partner agencies have since the start of the pandemic reportedly provided various forms of assistance, including donations of food, water, masks, disinfectant gel, and cleaning materials.

In its response to the GDP survey, the National Human Rights Commission said that “illegal migrants” are required to seek to regularise their situation in order to undertake “legal activities.” Those who fail to regularise are told to leave the country within a “reasonable delay” rather than face “imprisonment.” However, the commission did not indicate what remedies are pursued in cases where people refuse or are unable to leave the country after being ordered to do so.

Many of these details were previously reported by the Togolese Ministry of Public Service, Labour, Administrative Reform and Social Protection, in March 2019, as part of its submission to the UN Committee on Migrant Workers’ questionnaire concerning “General Comment No. 5 on Migrants’ Rights to Liberty and Freedom from Arbitrary Detention Questionnaire.” The ministry said that immigration detention in Togo did not exist, saying that the country instead favours the regularisation of undocumented migrants. It also said that there were no immigration detention centres in the country as well as no criminal sanctions for irregular entry or stay in Togo “for refugees or asylum seekers, arriving directly from a country where their life or freedom was threatened,” in accordance with Article 21 Law N° 2016 - 021 of 24 August 2016. However, similar to the National Human Rights Commission’s response to the GDP Covid-19 survey, the ministry failed to provide any information about measures taken in cases where people refuse or are unable to leave the country after being ordered to do so.


Last updated:

IMMIGRATION AND DETENTION-RELATED STATISTICS

Total number of immigration detainees by year
Not Available
2019
Total number of detained minors
Not Available
2017
Criminal prison population
4,422
2015
4,060
2012
4,116
2010
3,200
2003
2,043
1998
Percentage of foreign prisoners
5.2
2013
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
62
2015
64
2012
68
2010
65
2003
46
1998
Population
8,300,000
2020
7,305,000
2015
International migrants
279,142
2019
276,800
2015
International migrants as a percentage of the population
3.8
2015
Refugees
11,968
2020
11,964
2019
12,336
2018
12,426
2017
12,476
2016
21,877
2015
21,778
2014
Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
1.67
2016
3.06
2014
Total number of new asylum applications
118
2019
203
2016
429
2014
Refugee recognition rate
100
2014
Stateless persons
0
2016
0
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
635
2014
Remittances to the country
343
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
208.1
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
129 (Medium)
2015

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Civil law
2017
Customary law
2017
Constitutional guarantees?
Yes (Article 13 and 15) 1992 2007
1992
Core pieces of national legislation
Loi N°2016-021 du 24 Aout 2016 portant status de réfugié au Togo (2016)
2016
Immigration-status-related grounds
None
2019
Has the country decriminalized immigration-related violations?
Yes
2016

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Individual complaints procedure
Acceptance Year
ICERD, declaration under article 14 of the Convention 2015
2015
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 1988
1988
CAT, declaration under article 22 of the Convention 1987
1987
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2011
2011
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
4/8
2017
Regional legal instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights 1982
1982
ACRWC, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child 1998
1998
APRW, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol) 2005
2005
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2011
2017
No 2016
2017

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS