Cote d'Ivoire

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

162

New asylum applications

2019

2,020

Refugees

2019

2,549,141

International migrants

2019

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

Related Reading

04 December 2020

Asylum Seekers Fleeing Electoral Tensions in Côte d'Ivoire Wait at the Buuto Border Post in Liberia, (UNHCR,
Asylum Seekers Fleeing Electoral Tensions in Côte d'Ivoire Wait at the Buuto Border Post in Liberia, (UNHCR, "Le HCR Intensifie l'Aide Humanitaire; Le Nombre des Réfugiés Ivoiriens Dépasse les 8000," 10 November 2020, https://www.unhcr.org/fr/news/briefing/2020/11/5faa6581a/hcr-intensifie-laide-humanitaire-nombre-refugies-ivoiriens-depasse-8000.html)

The first case of COVID-19 in Côte d’Ivoire was confirmed on 11 March after an Ivorian national returned from Italy. On 23 March 2020, the Government declared a state of emergency via Decree n°2020-351, put in place a curfew from 9PM to 5AM, and closed all restaurants, bars, and nightclubs and imposed further restrictive measures. These measures were progressively relaxed from May onwards, with the possibility of re-establishing them in areas where positive COVID-19 cases are identified.

UNHCR reported that more than 8,000 Ivorian nationals have fled to neighbouring countries amid political tensions in the country. More than 60 percent of arrivals are children, some of whom are unaccompanied or have been separated from their parents. Most of those that have fled have told UNHCR that they hope to stay close to the border in order to be able to return once the situation is stabilised. UNHCR stated they are planning to send essential relief items for up to 10,000 refugees in Liberia from their stockpiles in Dubai. At the same time, more than 500 Ivorians also arrived in Ghana, Guinea, and Togo where they are receiving assistance. By 23 November 2020, a total of 16,266 Ivorians had fled Côte d’Ivoire. According to UNHCR, fear of violence is the main driver of displacement, “and many arrivals are reporting being afraid of an imminent outbreak of violence due to the ongoing political tensions and the trauma of the 2011 post electoral conflict.”

In its submission to the 3rd cycle of the Universal Periodic Review in 2018, UNHCR stated that although Côte d’Ivoire is a signatory to the 1951 Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees, the country’s asylum system only provides minimum standards for the treatment of asylum seekers. It recommended adopting “an asylum law that establishes concrete admissibility criteria for asylum applications, ensures rapid and impartial consideration of asylum claims, and provides effective procedural safeguards for asylum applicants in compliance with the provisions of the 1951 Convention.” In addition, while Côte d’Ivoire had recently acceded to the Statelessness Conventions, UNHCR recommended that the Government consider ratifying key human rights treaties, including the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of their Families.

To date, the GDP has been unable to establish the extent to which detention facilities are used in Côte d’Ivoire as part of immigration enforcement procedures or obtain details on COVID-19 related measures taken to safeguard people in immigration custody.


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IMMIGRATION AND DETENTION-RELATED STATISTICS

Total number of immigration detainees by year
Not Available
2019
Total number of detained minors
Not Available
2017
Criminal prison population
11,192
2016
7,086
2012
11,143
2008
9,274
2006
10,355
2002
13,424
1997
12,215
1993
Percentage of foreign prisoners
30
1998
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
51
2016
34
2012
56
2008
49
2006
62
2002
93
1997
90
1993
Population
26,400,000
2020
22,702,000
2015
International migrants
2,549,141
2019
2,175,200
2015
International migrants as a percentage of the population
9.6
2015
Refugees
2,020
2019
1,810
2018
1,564
2017
1,377
2016
1,980
2015
1,925
2014
Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
0.06
2016
0.09
2014
Total number of new asylum applications
162
2019
64
2016
291
2014
Refugee recognition rate
100
2014
Stateless persons
692,000
2018
694,000
2016
700,000
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
1,549
2014
Remittances to the country
378
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
922.5
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
172 (Low)
2015
Pew Global Attitudes Poll on Immigration
94
2007

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Civil law
2017
Customary law
2017

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Individual complaints procedure
Acceptance Year
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 1997
1997
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999 2012
2012
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
2/7
2017
Regional legal instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights 1992
1992
ACRWC, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child 2002
2002
APRW, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol) 2011
2011
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2010
2017
No 2014
2017

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS

Types of detention facilities used in practice
2015