Moldova

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

162

New asylum applications

2019

431

Refugees

2020

104,713

International migrants

2019

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

26 October 2020

A Guard Standing in Front of the Chișinău Centre for Eastern Border Migrants, (EU/ENPI,
A Guard Standing in Front of the Chișinău Centre for Eastern Border Migrants, (EU/ENPI, "The Chișinău Centre for Eastern Border Migrants," 27 May 2013, https://www.balcanicaucaso.org/eng/Areas/Moldova/The-Chi-inau-center-for-Eastern-border-migrants-135702)

Early during the first wave of the COVID-19 pandemic, the Moldovan Parliament declared a 60-day state of emergency (17 March - 15 May 2020) after 29 cases of COVID-19 were registered. While most of the restrictions were gradually dropped, the country nevertheless began to see increases in infections, which began to spike at the end of September 2020. As of 26 October, Moldova had registered 71,503 cases as well as 1,685 COVID-related deaths. In response to the onset of the second wave, President Igor Dodon said that the country would cope without implementing a new set of restrictive measures like closing schools.

The GDP has been unable to establish the extent to which detention facilities are currently used in Moldova as part of immigration enforcement procedures or obtain details on COVID-19 related measures taken to safeguard people in immigration custody. However, in April 2020, UNHCR reported that it had held more than 600 counselling sessions with asylum seekers, refugees, stateless persons and applicants for stateless status. Subsequently, UNHCR conducted an assessment of the impact of the pandemic on persons of concern. The assessment focused on asylum seekers accommodated in the Temporary Accommodation Centre (TAC), a temporary shelter for asylum seekers and vulnerable refugees, as well as refugees and stateless persons residing in different regions of the country.

According to UNHCR’s COVID-impact report, as of 1 July, Moldova was hosting 431 refugees. The main countries of origin were Turkey, Bangladesh, Armenia, Azerbaijan, and the Syrian Arab Republic. In addition, as of 30 June, 24 out of 80 registered asylum seekers in the country resided in the TAC, and in the first half of 2020, 43 new asylum seekers were registered with the Bureau for Migration and Asylum in Moldova. Furthermore, as of 1 June, Moldova hosted 1,899 stateless persons, of whom 44 percent were of Russian origin, 29 percent Ukrainian, 15 percent Moldovan, and 12 percent of other origins.

As regards the country’s prisons, on 12 March, the Ministry of Justice announced the suspension of visits in prisons, as well as the compulsory wearing of a mask by staff. In addition, on the same day, the Ministry of Justice announced that a special regime would be put in place in prisons to avoid the spread of the virus. The plan includes, inter alia, the drafting of daily medical reports and turning available spaces (gym, classroom, etc.) into isolation rooms. On 9 June, the European Council donated protective material to the Moldovan prison administration to provide support to detainees and prison staff.


Last updated:

IMMIGRATION AND DETENTION-RELATED STATISTICS

Total number of immigration detainees by year
Not Available
2019
Total number of detained minors
Not Available
2017
Criminal prison population
7,762
2017
Percentage of foreign prisoners
1.1
2015
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
219
2017
Population
4,000,000
2020
International migrants
104,713
2019
Refugees
431
2020
417
2019
418
2018
401
2017
394
2016
446
2015
335
2014
Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
0.11
2016
Total number of new asylum applications
162
2019
115
2016
Stateless persons
4,451
2018
4,569
2017
4,776
2016

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Civil law
2017

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Regional legal instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
CPCSE, Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse 2012
2012
ECPT, European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment of Punishment 1997
1997
CATHB, Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings 2006
2006
ECHRP1, Protocol 1 to the European Convention on Human Rights (amended by protocol 11) 1997
1997
ECHRP7, Protocol 7 to the European Convention on Human Rights (amended by protocol 11) 1997
1997
ECHR, Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (commonly known as the European Convention on Human Rights 1997
1997
Bilateral/multilateral agreements linked to readmission
Year in Force
Observation Date
Czech Republic 2004
2004
2017
Czech Republic 2012
2012
2017
Denmark 2011
2011
2017
Estonia 2010
2010
2017
Italy 2004
2004
2017
Lithuania 2004
2004
2017
Lithuania 2011
2011
2017
Malta 2011
2011
2017
Norway 2006
2006
2017
Romania 2002
2002
2017
Switzerland 2004
2004
2017
Switzerland 2011
2011
2017
Albania 2013
2013
2017
Georgia 2016
2016
2017
Serbia 2011
2011
2017
Russian Federation 2011
2011
2017
Ukraine 1998
1998
2017
EU 2008
2008
2017
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2011
2017
No 2016
2017

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS

Authorized monitoring institutions
The Centre for Human Rights of Moldova (Avocatul Poporului) (National Human Rights Institution (or Ombudsperson) (NHRI))
2016
The Centre for Human Rights of Moldova (Avocatul Poporului) (OPCAT National Preventive Mechanism (NPM))
2014
Is the national human rights institution (NHRI) recognized as independent?
No
2016