Moldova

No Data

Immigration detainees

Not Available

Detained children

2017

418

Refugees

2018

4,000,000

Population

2020

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

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IMMIGRATION AND DETENTION-RELATED STATISTICS

Total number of detained minors
Not Available
2017
Criminal prison population
7,762
2017
Percentage of foreign prisoners
1.1
2015
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
219
2017
Population
4,000,000
2020
Refugees
418
2018
401
2017
394
2016
446
2015
335
2014
Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
0.11
2016
Total number of new asylum applications
115
2016
Stateless persons
4,451
2018
4,569
2017
4,776
2016
Total number of immigration detainees by year
Number of immigration detainees on a given day
Top nationalities of detainees
Number of persons granted alternatives to immigration detention
Number of detained asylum seekers
Number of detained unaccompanied minors
Number of detained accompanied minors
Number of detained stateless persons
Number of apprehensions of non-citizens
Immigration detainees as a percentage of total international migrant population
Estimated total immigration detention capacity
Number of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres
Estimated capacity of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres
Number of dedicated medium-term immigration detention centres
Number of immigration offices
Number of transit facilities
Number of criminal facilities
Number of ad hoc facilities
Number of persons removed/returned (voluntary returns and deportations)
Number of deportations/forced returns only
Percentage of persons removed in relation to total number of people placed in removal procedures
International migrants
International migrants as a percentage of the population
Estimated number of undocumented migrants
Refugee recognition rate

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
Remittances to the country
Remittances from the country
Unemployment Rate
Unemployment rate amongst migrants
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
Detention for deterrence
Pew Global Attitudes Poll on Immigration
Immigration Index Score
World Bank Rule of Law Index
Domestic Opinion Polls on Immigration

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Civil law
2017
Constitutional guarantees?
Core pieces of national legislation
Additional legislation
Regulations, standards, guidelines
Immigration-status-related grounds
Non-immigration-status-related grounds providing for administrative detention in immigration legislation.
Does the country provide specific criminal penalties for immigration-related violations?
Grounds for criminal immigration-related detention/incarceration and maximum potential duration of incarceration
Has the country decriminalized immigration-related violations?
Maximum length for administrative immigration detention in law.
Longest recorded instance of immigration detention.
Maximum length of time in custody prior to issuance of a detention order
Average length of detention
Maximum length of detention for asylum-seekers
Maximum length of detention for persons detained upon arrival at ports of entry
Provision of basic procedural standards
Types of non-custodial measures
Impact of alternatives
Is the detention of vulnerable persons provided in law? Are they detained in practice?
Mandatory detention
Expedited/fast track removal
Re-entry ban

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Regional legal instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
CPCSE, Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse 2012
2012
ECPT, European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment of Punishment 1997
1997
CATHB, Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings 2006
2006
ECHRP1, Protocol 1 to the European Convention on Human Rights (amended by protocol 11) 1997
1997
ECHRP7, Protocol 7 to the European Convention on Human Rights (amended by protocol 11) 1997
1997
ECHR, Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (commonly known as the European Convention on Human Rights 1997
1997
Bilateral/multilateral agreements linked to readmission
Year in Force
Observation Date
Czech Republic 2004
2004
2017
Czech Republic 2012
2012
2017
Denmark 2011
2011
2017
Estonia 2010
2010
2017
Italy 2004
2004
2017
Lithuania 2004
2004
2017
Lithuania 2011
2011
2017
Malta 2011
2011
2017
Norway 2006
2006
2017
Romania 2002
2002
2017
Switzerland 2004
2004
2017
Switzerland 2011
2011
2017
Albania 2013
2013
2017
Georgia 2016
2016
2017
Serbia 2011
2011
2017
Russian Federation 2011
2011
2017
Ukraine 1998
1998
2017
EU 2008
2008
2017
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2011
2017
No 2016
2017
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
International treaty reservations
Individual complaints procedure
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Treaty bodies decisions on individual complaints
Relevant recommendations issued by treaty bodies
Regional treaty reservations
Regional judicial decisions on individual complaints
Recommendations issued by regional human rights mechanisms
Visits by special procedures of the Human Rights Council
Relevant recommendations by UN Special Procedures

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS

Authorized monitoring institutions
The Centre for Human Rights of Moldova (Avocatul Poporului) (National Human Rights Institution (or Ombudsperson) (NHRI))
2016
The Centre for Human Rights of Moldova (Avocatul Poporului) (OPCAT National Preventive Mechanism (NPM))
2014
Is the national human rights institution (NHRI) recognized as independent?
No
2016
Federal or centralized governing system
Centralized or decentralized immigration authority
Custodial authority
Apprehending authorities
Detention Facility Management
Formally designated detention estate?
Types of detention facilities used in practice
Does NHRI carry out visits?
Does NHRI have capacity to receive complaints?
Does NHRI publicly release reports on immigration detention?
Does national preventive mechanism (NPM) carry out visits?
Does NPM have capacity to receive complaints?
Does NPM publicly release reports on immigration detention?
Do NGOs carry out visits?
NGO capacity to receive complaints?
Do NGOs publish reports on immigration detention?
Do parliamentary organs carry out visits?
Do parliamentary organs have capacity to receive complaints?
Do parliamentary organs publicly report on their detention findings?
Do internal inspection agencies (IIAs) carry out visits?
Do IIAs have capacity to receive complaints?
Do IIAs publicly report their findings from detention inspections?
Do international and/or regional bodies (IRBs) visit immigration-related detention facilities?
Do IRBs publicly report their findings from inspections?
Types of privatisation/outsourcing
Detention contractors and other non-state entities
Estimated annual budget for detention operations
Estimated annual budgets for particular detention-related activities
Estimated cost per detainees day (in USD)
Estimated annual budget for non-custodial measures (in USD)
Estimated costs of non-custodial measures (in USD)
Does the country receive external sources of funding?
Description of foreign assistance