No detention centre mapping data


Eritrea Immigration Detention

The detention of migrants does not appear to be a significant issue in Eritrea as it is not a destination for migrants but rather a source country for refugees attempting to flee to Europe and the Gulf. Eritrea’s authoritarian government reportedly does not provide information on the detention of foreigners or allow independent groups to monitor detention centres, making it effectively impossible to get any details about this issue.

Quick Facts


International migrants (2015): 15,900
New asylum applications (2016): 7

Profile Updated: August 2016

Eritrea Immigration Detention Profile

As Eritrea is not a transit or destination country, the detention of migrants does not appear to be a significant issue.[1] Nevertheless, according to the Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat, it is difficult to know the true extent of immigration-related detention in Eritrea because the authoritarian government denies access to relevant information and prohibits monitoring by independent groups and the International Committee for the Red Cross.

In 2013, the U.S. Department of State reported that there were no foreigners detained in Eritrea that year. However, when the Eritrean government was questioned about missing people from other countries, authorities prevented foreign officials from accessing relevant   information.

A related aspect of Eritrea’s detention practices is its detention and punishment of Eritrean nationals who attempt to leave the country without authorisation. Punishment varies depending on the intended destination of the fleeing person. For example, trying to enter Sudan is punishable by three years imprisonment, while attempting to enter Ethiopia is punishable by death. In addition, it has been reported that Eritrean refugees and asylum seekers who are returned to Eritrea are often detained and tortured. It is also not uncommon for those caught fleeing Eritrea to be held in secret locations without outside contact.

 

[1] This summary relies primarily on information gathered from reports from the Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat, in particular its February 2015 report Behind Bars: The Detention of Migrants in and from the East & Horn of Africa, available at http://www.regionalmms.org/fileadmin/content/rmms_publications/Behind_Bars_the_detention_of_migrants_in_and_from_the_East___Horn_of_Africa_2.pdf; and the U.S. State Department’s 2013 human rights report on Eritrea, available at http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/220321.pdf.

Centres List

No detention centres data available

Statistics Expand all



5,228,000

Population

2015

  • Population
NumberObservation Date
5,228,0002015


15,900

International migrants

2015

  • International migrants
NumberObservation Date
15,9002015
15,8002013


0.3

International migrants as a percentage of the population

2015

  • International migrants as a percentage of the population
PercentageObservation Date
0.32015
0.22013


2,342

Refugees

2016

  • Refugees
NumberObservation Date
2,3422016
2,5492015
2,8982014


0.57

Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants

2014

  • Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
NumberObservation Date
0.572014
0.52013


7

Total number of new asylum applications

2016

  • Total number of new asylum applications
NumberObservation Date
72016


0

Stateless persons

2016

  • Stateless persons
NumberObservation Date
02016
02014

International Law Expand all

International treaties Show sources
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
  9/19

Regional legal instruments Show sources
NameYear of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights1999
ACRWC, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child1999

Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review Show sources
Recomendation IssuedYear IssuedObservation Date
No20142017
No20102017

Socio Economic Data Expand all

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD) Show sources
Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)Observation Date
5442011
Unemployment Rate Show sources
Unemployment RateObservation Date
7.22014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD) Show sources
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in USD)Observation Date
83.32014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP) Show sources
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)UNDP four-tiered rankingObservation Date
186Low2015

Additional Resources


Back To Top