Bolivia

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

No Data

Detained children

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

20 August 2020 – Bolivia

Bolivia has been strongly affected by the Covid-19 crisis. By 31 July, Bolivia had more than 75,000 cases of Covid-19 and 2,894 deaths related to the disease. Faced with the pandemic, the government took several measures including declaring a state of emergency, closing borders, imposing fines and detaining people who do not respect quarantine or […]

Read More…

United Nations, “Los Migrantes Tienen Derecho a Regresar a su País Durante la Pandemia del Coronavirus,” 15 April 2020, https://news.un.org/es/story/2020/04/1472872
Last updated:

DETENTION STATISTICS

Total Migration Detainees: Flow + Stock (year)
Not Available
2019

DETAINEE DATA

Total Number of Children Placed in Immigration Detention (Year)
0
2017

DETENTION CAPACITY

ALTERNATIVES TO DETENTION

ADDITIONAL ENFORCEMENT DATA

PRISON DATA

Criminal Prison Population (Year)
14,598
2016
14,770
2013
9,406
2010
7,683
2007
6,495
2004
5,577
2001
6,149
1998
5,412
1996
Percentage of Foreign Prisoners (Year)
4.1
2014
6.8
2006
Prison Population Rate (per 100,000 of National Population)
130
2016
140
2013
93
2010
80
2007
71
2004
65
2001
76
1998
70
1996

POPULATION DATA

Population (Year)
11,700,000
2020
10,725,000
2015
International Migrants (Year)
156,114
2019
143,000
2015
International Migrants as Percentage of Population (Year)
1.3
2015
Refugees (Year)
863
2019
810
2018
786
2017
761
2016
775
2015
763
2014
Ratio of Refugees Per 1000 Inhabitants (Year)
0.07
2016
0.07
2014
New Asylum Applications (Year)
901
2019
12
2016
42
2014
Refugee Recognition Rate (Year)
61.3
2014
Stateless Persons (Year)
0
2016

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA & POLLS

Gross Domestic Product per Capita (in USD)
3,124
2014
Remittances to the Country
1,201,000
2015
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net Official Development Assistance (ODA) (in Millions USD)
671.8
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
110 (Medium)
2015
Pew Global Attitudes Poll on Immigration
73
2007

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

GOVERNANCE SYSTEM

Legal Tradition(s)
Civil law
2017

LEGAL & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

Detention-Related Legislation
Ley N°370 del 8 de Mayo 2013, de Migración (2013)
2013
Additional Legislation
Reglamento de la Ley de migración, DS Nº 1923, 13 de marzo de 2014 (2014)
2014

GROUNDS FOR MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

LENGTH OF MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION INSTITUTIONS

PROCEDURAL STANDARDS & SAFEGUARDS

DETENTION MONITORS

> National human rights monitoring bodies

> National Preventive Mechanisms (Optional Protocol to UN Convetion against Torture)

> Non-governmental organisations (NGOs)

> Governmental monitoring bodies

> International detention monitoring

TRANSPARENCY

READMISSION/RETURN/EXTRADITION AGREEMENTS

COVID-19

HEALTH CARE

COVID-19 DATA

Has the country released immigration detainees as a result of the pandemic?
Not Applicable
2019

Has the country used legal "alternatives to detention" as part of pandemic detention releases?
Not Applicable
2019

Has the country Temporarily Ceased or Restricted Issuing Detention Orders?
Not Applicable
2019

Has the Country Adopted These Pandemic-Related Measures for People in Immigration Detention?
COVID-19 Testing: Not ApplicableVaccinations: Not ApplicableProvision of Masks: Not ApplicableProvision of Hygiene Supplies: Not ApplicableSuspension of Visits: Not Applicable
2019

Has the Country Locked-Down Previously "Open" Reception Facilities, Shelters, Refugee Camps, or Other Forms of Accommodation for Migrant Workers or Other Non-Citizens?
Not Applicable
2019

Have cases of COVID-19 been reported in immigration detention facilities or any other places used for immigration detention purposes?
Not Applicable
2019

Has the Country Ceased or Restricted Deportations/Removals During any Period After the Onset of the Pandemic?
No
2021

Has the Country Released People from Criminal Prisons During the Pandemic?
Yes
2020

Have Officials Blamed Migrants, Asylum Seekers, or Refugees for the Spread of COVID-19?
Unknown
2022

Has the Country Restricted Access to Asylum Procedures?
Unknown
2022

Has the Country Commenced a National Vaccination Campaign?
Yes
2022

Have Populations of Concern Been Included/Excluded From the National Vaccination Campaign?
People in Immigration Custody (including legal in "alternatives to detention" or at open reception centres): Not ApplicableRefugees: IncludedUndocumented Migrants: IncludedAsylum Seekers: IncludedStateless People: Unknown
2022

INTERNATIONAL TREATIES

International Treaties Ratified
Ratification Year
Observation Date
OP ICESCR, Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
2012
2018
OP CRC Communications Procedure
2013
2018
OPCRPD, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
2009
2009
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
2009
2009
ICRMW, International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
2009
2009
ICPED, International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance
2008
2008
OPCAT, Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
2006
2006
CTOCTP, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children
2006
2006
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
1999
1999
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child
1990
1990
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
1990
1990
CRSSP, Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons
1983
1983
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
1982
1982
ICESCR, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
1982
1982
CRSR, Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
1982
1982
PCRSR, Protocol to the Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
1982
1982
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
1970
1970
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
1970
1970
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 18/19
Individual Complaints Procedures
Acceptance Year
CRC, [Third] Optional Protocol to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child establishing a communications procedure, 2011 2013
2013
ICESCR, Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 2008 2012
2012
CRPD, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2009
2009
CAT, declaration under article 22 of the Convention 2006
2006
ICERD, declaration under article 14 of the Convention 2006
2006
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999 2000
2000
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 1982
1982
Ratio of Complaints Procedures Accepted
Observation Date
7/9
7/9
Relevant Recommendations Issued by Treaty Bodies
Recommendation Year
Observation Date
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women 19. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Develop, as a matter of priority and within a specific time frame, a strategy to prevent violence against women, with the participation of various stakeholders, including high-level government officials, and considering the special situations of risk to indigenous and Afro-Bolivian women, women with disabilities, migrant and refugee women and women in detention; 2015
2015
Committee on Migrant Workers §31. The Committee recommends that the State party should take the necessary steps to ensure that its consular services respond more effectively to protect and promote the rights of Bolivian migrant workers and members of their families where necessary and that, in particular, they provide the necessary assistance to any of them who are in detention or subject to an expulsion order. 2013
2013
Committee on Migrant Workers §26. The Committee recommends that the State party ensures that migrants or members of their families when detained for violation of provisions relating to migration are deprived of their liberty for as short a time as possible and that it take steps to guarantee that they are held separately from convicted persons or persons detained pending trial, in accordance with article 17, paragraph 3, of the Convention. 2008
2008

NON-TREATY-BASED INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Visits by Special Procedures of the UN Human Rights Council
Year of Visit
Observation Date
Special Rapporteur on contemporary forms of racism, racial discrimination, xenophobia and related intolerance 2012
2012
2015
Relevant Recommendations from the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2010
2017
Yes 2019
No 2014

REGIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Regional Legal Instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
Observation Date
ACHR, American Convention on Human Rights 1979
1979
IACPPT, Inter-American Convention to Prevent and Punish Torture 2006
2006
APACHR, Additional Protocol to the American Convention on Human Rights in the Area of Economic, Social and Cultural Rights 2006
2006
CBDP, Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women (Convention of Belem do Para) 1994
1994
IACFDP, Inter-American convention on Forced Disappearance of Persons 1996
1996

DETENTION COSTS

OUTSOURCING

FOREIGN SOURCES OF FUNDING FOR DETENTION OPERATIONS