Mauritius

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

15

New asylum applications

2019

20

Refugees

2019

28,849

International migrants

2019

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

18 August 2020

Union Workers Bring Provisions to the 44 Unpaid and Covid-19-vulnerable Indian Migrant Workers Employed by an Indian Construction Company in Mauritius, (Building and Wood Workers' International,
Union Workers Bring Provisions to the 44 Unpaid and Covid-19-vulnerable Indian Migrant Workers Employed by an Indian Construction Company in Mauritius, (Building and Wood Workers' International, "Mauritius: CMWEU Aids Unpaid and Covid-19-Vulnerable Workers," 30 April 2020, https://www.bwint.org/cms/mauritius-cmweu-aids-unpaid-and-covid-19-vulnerable-workers-1807)

By the end of July, Mauritius had recorded nearly 350 cases of Covid-19 as well as 10 related deaths. Mauritius began taking precautionary measures early. On 22 January, the government began screening people upon arrival at the airport and from 28 February, despite there being no confirmed cases in the country, authorities began quarantining visitors from countries with a large number of cases. In mid-March, only essential services were allowed to remain open. The situation was then relaxed from April onwards, albeit with strict controls.

On 30 April, the Construction Workers’ Union of Mauritius (CMWEU) reportedly assisted 44 unpaid and Covid-19 vulnerable Indian migrant workers employed by an Indian construction company. The workers had not received their wages for the month of March despite a government commitment to shoulder half of the workers’ salaries to ensure income security. The Indian workers said that they had not been provided with any personal protective equipment (PPE) and that they lacked money to buy toiletries, such as soap and toothpaste, for their personal hygiene.

There does not appear to be a dedicated immigration detention system in the country, nor specific legislation relating to immigration detention. However, criminal sanctions (fines and prison terms) for offences such as irregular entry or making false or misleading statements in connection with entry or exit from Mauritian territory, may be imposed. Also, according to Mauritius' response (dated 29 March 2019) to the UN Committee on Migrant Worker’s Draft General Comment No. 5 on Migrants’ Rights to Liberty and Freedom from Arbitrary Detention Questionnaire, there is no law or policy on the granting of refugee status or political asylum in Mauritius and attempts to treat applications for refugee status or political asylum on a case-by-case basis by facilitating their settlement in a country willing to receive them.

The GDP has been unable to find reports indicating that authorities have adopted any measures to assist migrants.


Last updated:

ENFORCEMENT DATA

Total Migration Detainees: Flow + Stock (year)
Not Available
2019
Total Number of Children Placed in Immigration Detention (Year)
Not Available
2017
Criminal Prison Population (Year)
2,177
2017
2,663
2013
2,664
2012
2,384
2009
2,272
2007
2,572
2004
1,985
2001
1,510
1998
1,181
1995
849
1992
Percentage of Foreign Prisoners (Year)
6.4
2012
4.9
2009
Prison Population Rate (per 100,000 of National Population)
170
2017
202
2013
203
2012
184
2009
178
2007
206
2004
164
2001
128
1998
104
1995
77
1992

POPULATION DATA

Population (Year)
1,273,000
2015
International Migrants (Year)
28,849
2019
28,600
2015
International Migrants as Percentage of Population (Year)
2.2
2015
Refugees (Year)
20
2019
0
2016
New Asylum Applications (Year)
15
2019
0
2014
Stateless Persons (Year)
0
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA & POLLS

Gross Domestic Product per Capita (in USD)
10,016
2014
Remittances to the Country
266
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net Official Development Assistance (ODA) (in Millions USD)
48.9
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
63 (High)
2015

B. Attitudes and Perceptions

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

LEGAL & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

Detention-Related Legislation
Immigration Act 1970 (1973) 2008
1973

GROUNDS FOR MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

Criminal Penalties for Immigration-Related Violations
Yes (Yes)
1973
Grounds for Criminal Immigration-Related Incarceration / Maximum Length of Incarceration
Unauthorized entry (365)
1973
Unauthorized exit (365)
1973
Has the Country Decriminalised Immigration-Related Violations?
No
1973

LENGTH OF MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION INSTITUTIONS

PROCEDURAL STANDARDS & SAFEGUARDS

DETENTION MONITORS

TRANSPARENCY

READMISSION/RETURN/EXTRADITION AGREEMENTS

COVID-19

HEALTH CARE

COVID-19 DATA

INTERNATIONAL TREATIES

International Treaties Ratified
Ratification Year
Observation Date
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
1972
2017
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
1970
2017
ICESCR, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
1973
2017
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
1973
2017
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
1984
2017
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
1992
2017
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child
1990
2017
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
2010
2017
CTOCTP, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children
2003
2017
CTOCSP, Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
2003
2017
OPCAT, Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
2005
2005
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 11/19
Treaty Reservations
Reservation Year
Observation Date
CRPD Article 24 2010
2010
2017
Individual Complaints Procedures
Acceptance Year
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 1973
1973
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999 2008
2008
Ratio of Complaints Procedures Accepted
Observation Date
2/7
2017
Relevant Recommendations Issued by Treaty Bodies
Recommendation Year
Observation Date
Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights § 33. The State party intensify its efforts to protect the rights of migrant workers and, in particular: (a) Continue to raise awareness among migrant workers of their rights provided in legislation and of the complaint mechanisms available to them; (b) Improve the complaint mechanisms and provide complainants with the necessary assistance, including legal assistance; (c) Apply deterrent penalties for contravening employers; (d) Establish a regulatory framework for recruitment agencies and monitor their activities; (e) Strengthen cooperation with workers’ countries of origin, through bilateral agreements, to protect and promote the rights of those workers. 2019
2019

NON-TREATY-BASED INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Relevant Recommendations from the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2009
2017
No 2013
2017

REGIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Regional Legal Instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
Observation Date
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights 1992
1992
2017
ACRWC, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child 1992
1992
2017

GOVERNANCE SYSTEM

Legal Tradition(s)
Civil law
2017
Common law
2017

DETENTION COSTS

OUTSOURCING

FOREIGN SOURCES OF FUNDING FOR DETENTION OPERATIONS