Chad

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

1,163

New asylum applications

2019

442,670

Refugees

2019

512,230

International migrants

2019

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

06 September 2020

B. Baloch, “Clashes in Sudan’s West Darfur force 2,500 to seek safety in Chad,” UNHCR,  11 August 2020, https://www.unhcr.org/news/briefing/2020/8/5f3248204/clashes-sudans-west-darfur-force-2500-seek-safety-chad.html
B. Baloch, “Clashes in Sudan’s West Darfur force 2,500 to seek safety in Chad,” UNHCR, 11 August 2020, https://www.unhcr.org/news/briefing/2020/8/5f3248204/clashes-sudans-west-darfur-force-2500-seek-safety-chad.html

Chad’s geographic location--as Libya’s southern neighbour and located at a crossroads between east and west Africa--has resulted in a “a complex humanitarian crisis,” according to IOM, and one which is further impacted by the country’s severe economic problems. As of mid-2020, there were an estimated 133,000 internally displaced persons and 475,000 refugees and asylum seekers. Compounding pressures on the country, according to UNHCR, as of July 2020, 108,809 Chadiens had been returned to the country. Despite these challenges, Chad has had a reputation as traditionally having “a positive and welcoming attitude towards refugees.” It has also been a supporter of the Global Compact for Migration.

To date, the GDP has been unable to establish the extent to which detention measures are used in Chad as part of immigration enforcement policies. Likewise, the GDP has found no details about whether any Covid-19-related measures have been taken in the country to safeguard people who are in custody for immigraiton reasons, including as part of deportation proceedings. UNHCR reported in July 2020 that no one of concern to their mandate, including refugees and returned Chadiens, had reported an infection. However, 47 persons of concerns had been placed in quarantine.

On 24 March, visits to prisons were suspended and all public hearings of courts of justice were postponed. Between March and April, three collective escapes took place at the prisons of Amsinéné and Bongor following the suspension of visits. The Ministry of Justice announced on 9 April the release of more than 3,200 prisoners, as an “exceptional measure taken to respect the preventive measures instituted by the highest authorities of the country against the coronavirus pandemic.” This measure concerned vulnerable prisoners such as the elderly, minors, sick individuals, and pregnant women.


Last updated:

DETENTION, EXPULSION, AND INCARCERATION STATISTICS

Total number of immigration detainees by year
Not Available
2019
Total number of detained minors
Not Available
2017
Criminal prison population
4,831
2011
4,775
2010
3,416
2005
3,883
2002
2,385
2000
2,530
1996
2,867
1994
Percentage of foreign prisoners
1.3
2002
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
39
2011
43
2010
34
2005
43
2002
29
2000
35
1996
42
1994

DEMOGRAPHICS AND IMMIGRATION-RELATED STATISTICS

Population
16,400,000
2020
14,037,000
2015
International migrants
512,230
2019
517,000
2015
International migrants as a percentage of the population
3.7
2015
Refugees
442,670
2019
451,210
2018
411,482
2017
391,235
2016
369,540
2015
452,897
2014
Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
26.99
2016
33.3
2014
Total number of new asylum applications
1,163
2019
164
2016
2,386
2014
Refugee recognition rate
100
2014
Stateless persons
0
2016
0
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
1,024
2014
Remittances to the country
64,140
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
185 (Low)
2015

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Civil law
2017
Customary law
2017

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 10/19
Individual complaints procedure
Acceptance Year
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 1995
1995
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
1/6
2017
Regional legal instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights 1986
1986
ACRWC, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child 2000
2000
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2009
2017
No 2014
2017

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS