Papua New Guinea

No Data

Immigration detainees

28

Detained children

2014

10,026

Refugees

2018

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

Related Reading

02 April 2020

Refugees on Manus Island Stage Protest Requesting Release, (https://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/413230/covid-19-calls-for-evacuation-of-refugees-from-nauru-png)
Refugees on Manus Island Stage Protest Requesting Release, (https://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/413230/covid-19-calls-for-evacuation-of-refugees-from-nauru-png)

On 19 March 2020, authorities announced that penal institutions have been placed in quarantine. New prisoners are tested upon their entry and visits are suspended until further notice. Prisons were then placed in isolation from 24 March 2020 onwards and detainees or staff members that have Covid-19 symptoms will be placed in isolation and suspected cases transferred to a regional hospital.

Reports indicate that about 220 immigration detainees that were formerly held on Manus Island are now in Port Moresby. The Australian Refugee Council has stated that refugees and asylum seekers should be moved from Papua New Guinea and Nauru. A Sri Lankan refugee in Papua New Guinea stated that the coronavirus had “dramatically increased anxiety among the refugees” and that “many people have health problems after seven years of medical neglect. They will be particularly vulnerable to the coronavirus”.


Last updated:

IMMIGRATION AND DETENTION-RELATED STATISTICS

Total number of detained minors
28
2014
Number of persons removed/returned (voluntary returns and deportations)
17
2014
Criminal prison population
4,945
2016
3,863
2013
Percentage of foreign prisoners
0.4
2009
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
63
2016
52
2013
Population
7,619,000
2015
International migrants
25,800
2015
International migrants as a percentage of the population
0.3
2015
Refugees
10,026
2018
10,022
2017
9,529
2016
9,510
2015
1
2015
9,510
2014
Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
1.23
2016
Total number of new asylum applications
0
2016
831
2014
Refugee recognition rate
52.6
2014
Stateless persons
0
2016
0
2015
Total number of immigration detainees by year
Number of immigration detainees on a given day
Top nationalities of detainees
Number of persons granted alternatives to immigration detention
Number of detained asylum seekers
Number of detained unaccompanied minors
Number of detained accompanied minors
Number of detained stateless persons
Number of apprehensions of non-citizens
Immigration detainees as a percentage of total international migrant population
Estimated total immigration detention capacity
Number of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres
Estimated capacity of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres
Number of dedicated medium-term immigration detention centres
Number of immigration offices
Number of transit facilities
Number of criminal facilities
Number of ad hoc facilities
Number of deportations/forced returns only
Percentage of persons removed in relation to total number of people placed in removal procedures
Estimated number of undocumented migrants

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
2,268
2014
Remittances to the country
15
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
577.3
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
158 (Low)
2015
Remittances from the country
Unemployment rate amongst migrants
Detention for deterrence
Pew Global Attitudes Poll on Immigration
Immigration Index Score
World Bank Rule of Law Index
Domestic Opinion Polls on Immigration

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Common law
Constitutional guarantees?
Yes (Article 42. Liberty of the person (2) A person who is arrested or detained— (a) shall be informed promptly, in a language that he understands, of the reasons for his arrest or detention and of any charge against him; and (b) shall be permitted whenever practicable to communicate without delay and in private with a member of his family or a personal friend, and with a lawyer of his choice (including the Public Solicitor if he is entitled to legal aid); and (c) shall be given adequate opportunity to give instructions to a lawyer of his choice in the place in which he is detained, and shall be informed immediately on his arrest or detention of his rights under this subsection.) 1975 1975
1975
Core pieces of national legislation
Migration Act (1978)
1978
Regulations, standards, guidelines
Migration Regulation (1979)
1979
Immigration-status-related grounds
Detention for unauthorised entry or stay
2016
Detention during the asylum process
2016
Detention to effect removal
2016
Detention to establish/verify identity and nationality
2016
Does the country provide specific criminal penalties for immigration-related violations?
Yes (Yes)
2016
Grounds for criminal immigration-related detention/incarceration and maximum potential duration of incarceration
Unauthorized entry (0)
2016
Unauthorised stay (0)
2016
Provision of basic procedural standards
Information to detainees (Yes) No
2016
Right to legal counsel (Yes) No
2016
Access to free interpretation services (Yes)
2016
Is the detention of vulnerable persons provided in law? Are they detained in practice?
Asylum seekers (Not mentioned) Yes
2016
Unaccompanied minors (Not mentioned) Yes
2016
Women (Not mentioned) No
2016
Mandatory detention
No (Yes)
2016
Additional legislation
Non-immigration-status-related grounds providing for administrative detention in immigration legislation.
Has the country decriminalized immigration-related violations?
Maximum length for administrative immigration detention in law.
Longest recorded instance of immigration detention.
Maximum length of time in custody prior to issuance of a detention order
Average length of detention
Maximum length of detention for asylum-seekers
Maximum length of detention for persons detained upon arrival at ports of entry
Types of non-custodial measures
Impact of alternatives
Expedited/fast track removal
Re-entry ban

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
0/5
0/5
Visits by special procedures of the Human Rights Council
Year of Visit
Observation Date
Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions 2014
2014
2016
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2011
2017
Yes 2016
2017
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
International treaty reservations
Individual complaints procedure
Treaty bodies decisions on individual complaints
Relevant recommendations issued by treaty bodies
Regional legal instruments
Regional treaty reservations
Regional judicial decisions on individual complaints
Recommendations issued by regional human rights mechanisms
Bilateral/multilateral agreements linked to readmission
Relevant recommendations by UN Special Procedures

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS

Custodial authority
Immigration Department (Papua New Guinea) (Department of Immigration and Border Protection) Immigration or Citizenship
2015
(Department of Immigration and Border Protection) Immigration or Citizenship
2008
Detention Facility Management
Transfield (Private For-Profit)
2015
International Organization for Migration (International or Regional Organization)
2008
Types of privatisation/outsourcing
Detention facility management
2015
Detention contractors and other non-state entities
Transfield (For profit)
2015
Does the country receive external sources of funding?
Yes
2015
Federal or centralized governing system
Centralized or decentralized immigration authority
Apprehending authorities
Formally designated detention estate?
Types of detention facilities used in practice
Authorized monitoring institutions
Is the national human rights institution (NHRI) recognized as independent?
Does NHRI carry out visits?
Does NHRI have capacity to receive complaints?
Does NHRI publicly release reports on immigration detention?
Does national preventive mechanism (NPM) carry out visits?
Does NPM have capacity to receive complaints?
Does NPM publicly release reports on immigration detention?
Do NGOs carry out visits?
NGO capacity to receive complaints?
Do NGOs publish reports on immigration detention?
Do parliamentary organs carry out visits?
Do parliamentary organs have capacity to receive complaints?
Do parliamentary organs publicly report on their detention findings?
Do internal inspection agencies (IIAs) carry out visits?
Do IIAs have capacity to receive complaints?
Do IIAs publicly report their findings from detention inspections?
Do international and/or regional bodies (IRBs) visit immigration-related detention facilities?
Do IRBs publicly report their findings from inspections?
Estimated annual budget for detention operations
Estimated annual budgets for particular detention-related activities
Estimated cost per detainees day (in USD)
Estimated annual budget for non-custodial measures (in USD)
Estimated costs of non-custodial measures (in USD)
Description of foreign assistance