Papua New Guinea

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

28

Detained children

2014

9,698

Refugees

2019

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

02 April 2020

Refugees on Manus Island Stage Protest Requesting Release, (https://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/413230/covid-19-calls-for-evacuation-of-refugees-from-nauru-png)
Refugees on Manus Island Stage Protest Requesting Release, (https://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/413230/covid-19-calls-for-evacuation-of-refugees-from-nauru-png)

On 19 March 2020, authorities announced that penal institutions have been placed in quarantine. New prisoners are tested upon their entry and visits are suspended until further notice. Prisons were then placed in isolation from 24 March 2020 onwards and detainees or staff members that have Covid-19 symptoms will be placed in isolation and suspected cases transferred to a regional hospital.

Reports indicate that about 220 immigration detainees that were formerly held on Manus Island are now in Port Moresby. The Australian Refugee Council has stated that refugees and asylum seekers should be moved from Papua New Guinea and Nauru. A Sri Lankan refugee in Papua New Guinea stated that the coronavirus had “dramatically increased anxiety among the refugees” and that “many people have health problems after seven years of medical neglect. They will be particularly vulnerable to the coronavirus”.


Last updated:

DETENTION, EXPULSION, AND INCARCERATION STATISTICS

Total number of immigration detainees by year
Not Available
2019
Total number of detained minors
Not Available
2017
28
2014
Number of persons removed/returned (voluntary returns and deportations)
17
2014
Criminal prison population
4,945
2016
3,863
2013
Percentage of foreign prisoners
0.4
2009
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
63
2016
52
2013

DEMOGRAPHICS AND IMMIGRATION-RELATED STATISTICS

Population
7,619,000
2015
International migrants
25,800
2015
International migrants as a percentage of the population
0.3
2015
Refugees
9,698
2019
10,026
2018
10,022
2017
9,529
2016
9,510
2015
1
2015
9,510
2014
Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
1.23
2016
Total number of new asylum applications
0
2016
831
2014
Refugee recognition rate
52.6
2014
Stateless persons
0
2016
0
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
2,268
2014
Remittances to the country
15
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
577.3
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
158 (Low)
2015

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Common law
Constitutional guarantees?
Yes (Article 42. Liberty of the person (2) A person who is arrested or detained— (a) shall be informed promptly, in a language that he understands, of the reasons for his arrest or detention and of any charge against him; and (b) shall be permitted whenever practicable to communicate without delay and in private with a member of his family or a personal friend, and with a lawyer of his choice (including the Public Solicitor if he is entitled to legal aid); and (c) shall be given adequate opportunity to give instructions to a lawyer of his choice in the place in which he is detained, and shall be informed immediately on his arrest or detention of his rights under this subsection.) 1975 1975
1975
Core pieces of national legislation
Migration Act (1978)
1978
Regulations, standards, guidelines
Migration Regulation (1979)
1979
Immigration-status-related grounds
Detention for unauthorised entry or stay
2016
Detention during the asylum process
2016
Detention to effect removal
2016
Detention to establish/verify identity and nationality
2016
Does the country provide specific criminal penalties for immigration-related violations?
Yes (Yes)
2016
Grounds for criminal immigration-related detention/incarceration and maximum potential duration of incarceration
Unauthorized entry (0)
2016
Unauthorised stay (0)
2016
Provision of basic procedural standards
Information to detainees (Yes) No
2016
Right to legal counsel (Yes) No
2016
Access to free interpretation services (Yes)
2016
Is the detention of vulnerable persons provided in law? Are they detained in practice?
Asylum seekers (Not mentioned) Yes
2016
Unaccompanied minors (Not mentioned) Yes
2016
Women (Not mentioned) No
2016
Mandatory detention
No (Yes)
2016

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
0/5
0/5
Visits by special procedures of the Human Rights Council
Year of Visit
Observation Date
Special Rapporteur on extrajudicial, summary or arbitrary executions 2014
2014
2016
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2011
2017
Yes 2016
2017

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS

Custodial authority
Immigration Department (Papua New Guinea) (Department of Immigration and Border Protection) Immigration or Citizenship
2015
(Department of Immigration and Border Protection) Immigration or Citizenship
2008
Detention Facility Management
Transfield (Private For-Profit)
2015
International Organization for Migration (International or Regional Organization)
2008
Types of privatisation/outsourcing
Detention facility management
2015
Detention contractors and other non-state entities
Transfield (For profit)
2015
Does the country receive external sources of funding?
Yes
2015