Liberia

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

15

New asylum applications

2019

8,225

Refugees

2019

94,448

International migrants

2019

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

10 December 2020

Newly Arrived Refugees from Côte d'Ivoire Await Registration in Behwalay Village in Liberia, (UNHCR, Roland Tuley,
Newly Arrived Refugees from Côte d'Ivoire Await Registration in Behwalay Village in Liberia, (UNHCR, Roland Tuley, "UNCHR Airlifts Emergency Aid for Ivorian Refugees in Liberia," 23 November 2020, https://www.unhcr.org/news/press/2020/11/5fbb9f9f4/unhcr-airlifts-emergency-aid-ivorian-refugees-liberia.html)

After declaring a national emergency in late March 2020, the Liberian government used emergency powers that enable it to require the registration of residents in infected areas, restrict movement within infected areas, and quarantine infected people. The government designated two of the 15 counties in the country as infected and imposed a 21-day lockdown along with the closure of schools, suspension of flights, and limitations to public transport. As of 11 December, Liberia had recorded 1,676 cases of COVID-19 and 83 deaths.

At UNHCR’s Executive Committee held in Geneva in October, Liberia reported that it was hosting 8,235 refugees, the vast majority from Côte d’Ivoire. The government reported collaboration with UNHCR in a Joint Taskforce aimed at raising awareness of COVID-19, distributing preventive materials, and providing food items in the refugee concentrated counties of Montserrado, Nimba, Grand Gadeh and River Gee, and Maryland.

Political tensions in neighbouring Côte d’Ivoire have forced thousands of Ivorian nationals to flee into neighbouring countries (see 4 December Côte d’Ivoire update on this platform), including Liberia. According to UNHCR, by 9 November, more than 7,500 Ivorian nationals had fled to Liberia. More than 60 percent of arrivals are children, some of whom are unaccompanied or have been separated from their parents. UNHCR stated that they were planning to send essential relief items for refugees in Liberia from their stockpiles in Dubai.

On 23 November, UNHCR airlifted 95 tonnes of emergency supplies as nearly 15,000 Ivorians are now in Liberia. A UNHCR-chartered flight landed in Monrovia with blankets, jerry cans, kitchen sets, plastic sheets, and solar lamps for refugees. The UNHCR representative in Liberia said: “Every day this past week, hundreds of Ivorian refugees have continued to cross the border. … Most are children, arriving exhausted and malnourished. The needs are mounting, and we are stepping up to meet them.”

As regards the country’s prisons, since the start of the pandemic, Prison Fellowship Liberia, an organisation that seeks to provide help and support to prisoners in Liberia, has obtained the provisional release of 300 detainees. The prison administration found on 10 June 2020 that there were 2,300 prisoners compared with 2,700 in December 2019.

The GDP has been unable to establish the extent to which detention facilities are used in Liberia as part of immigration enforcement procedures or obtain details on COVID-19 related measures taken to safeguard people in immigration custody.


Last updated:

DETENTION, EXPULSION, AND INCARCERATION STATISTICS

Total number of immigration detainees by year
Not Available
2019
Total number of detained minors
Not Available
2017
Criminal prison population
2,300
2020
2,700
2019
2,023
2016
1,930
2012
1,601
2011
1,420
2009
1,022
2007
Percentage of foreign prisoners
2
2007
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
44
2016
46
2012
39
2011
36
2009
29
2007

DEMOGRAPHICS AND IMMIGRATION-RELATED STATISTICS

Population
5,100,000
2020
4,503,000
2015
International migrants
94,448
2019
113,800
2015
International migrants as a percentage of the population
2.5
2015
Refugees
8,225
2019
9,122
2018
11,126
2017
18,973
2016
36,505
2015
38,595
2014
Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
4.11
2016
8.78
2014
Total number of new asylum applications
15
2019
9
2016
25
2014
Refugee recognition rate
90.9
2014
Stateless persons
0
2016
1
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
458
2014
Remittances to the country
528
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
744.3
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
177 (Low)
2015

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Common law
2017
Customary law
2017

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 13/19
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
0/7
2017
Regional legal instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights 1982
1982
APRW, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol) 2007
2007
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2011
2017
No 2015
2017

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS