Nigeria

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

No Data

Detained children

19,681

New asylum applications

2019

54,157

Refugees

2019

1,256,408

International migrants

2019

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

Related Reading

20 May 2020

A Quarantine Facility Constructio Site in Pulka where 56014 People Live in Camps, (IOM,
A Quarantine Facility Constructio Site in Pulka where 56014 People Live in Camps, (IOM, "Nigeria: IOM Builds Quarantine Shelters as Conflict-Affected Borno State Records First COVID-19 Cases," 24 April 2020, https://www.iom.int/news/nigeria-iom-builds-quarantine-shelters-conflict-affected-borno-state-records-first-covid-19)

Amnesty International has warned about the potential spread of Covid-19 in the country’s overcrowded prisons and detention centres. It highlights the case of Kaduna Prison which although having a capacity of only 473 inmates, as of early April had “1,480 prisoners; while Enugu Maximum Security Prison with capacity for 638, now has 2,077 prisoners.”

In Kaduna Prison, two uprisings among inmates on 31 March and 3 April led to the death of 9 prisoners, leaving many injured. Panic related to the pandemic and sanitary conditions led to an escape attempt in Aba prison on 16 May, where one inmate was killed.

On 22 April, Nigeria’s President Buhari urged the chief judge to release prison inmates awaiting trial for more than six years, as well as elderly prisoners and those who are terminally ill. He stated that “42 percent of Nigeria's 74,000 or so prisoners were awaiting trial.” On 9 April, the government announced the upcoming release of 2,670 prisoners during the pandemic and on 15 May, the chief justice called for the speed up of the decongestion of custodial centres. However, immigration arrests are still being conducted during the pandemic, according to reports from 1 May.


Last updated:

IMMIGRATION AND DETENTION-RELATED STATISTICS

Total number of immigration detainees by year
Not Available
2019
Criminal prison population
68,259
2017
53,841
2013
50,692
2011
40,240
2008
39,006
2005
40,048
2002
44,797
1999
52,000
1996
47,508
1992
Percentage of foreign prisoners
0.3
2014
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
36
2017
32
2013
31
2011
27
2008
28
2005
31
2002
37
1999
46
1996
46
1992
Population
206,100,000
2020
182,202,000
2015
International migrants
1,256,408
2019
1,199,100
2015
International migrants as a percentage of the population
0.7
2015
Refugees
54,157
2019
34,738
2018
1,922
2017
1,347
2016
1,395
2015
1,239
2014
Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
0.01
2016
0.01
2014
Total number of new asylum applications
19,681
2019
206
2016
516
2014
Refugee recognition rate
45.1
2014
Stateless persons
0
2016
0
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
3,203
2014
Remittances to the country
20,921
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
2,476.2
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
152 (Low)
2015
Pew Global Attitudes Poll on Immigration
74
2007

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Common law
2017
Muslim law
2017
Customary law
2017

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Individual complaints procedure
Acceptance Year
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999 2004
2004
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2010
2010
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
2/9
2017
Relevant recommendations issued by treaty bodies
Recommendation Year
Committee on Migrant Workers § 34. The Committee recommends that the State party: […] (b) Ensure that administrative detention is used only as a measure of last resort and that non-custodial alternatives are provided, in line with the Committee’s general comment No. 2 (2013) on the rights of migrant workers in an irregular situation and members of their families; (c) Cease the detention of children on the basis of their or their parents’ immigration status and adopt alternatives to detention that allow children to remain with family members and/or guardians in non-custodial, community-based contexts while their immigration status is being reviewed, in line with the principles of the best interests of the child and the child’s right to family life. 36. The Committee recommends that the State party: (a) Ensure that all migrant workers and members of their families, particularly those in detention, have recourse to consular support to protect the rights set out in the Convention; […] 2007
2007
Regional legal instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights 1983
1983
ACRWC, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child 2001
2001
APRW, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol) 2004
2004
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2009
2017
No 2013
2017

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS