No detention centre mapping data


Burkina Faso Immigration Detention

Quick Facts


International migrants (2015): 704,700
New asylum applications (2016): 77

Centres List

No detention centres data available

Statistics Expand all



7,544

Criminal prison population

2015

  • Criminal prison population
NumberObservation Date
7,5442015
5,8232013
5,1982010
4,2072007
2,7992004
2,7572001
2,0391998
1,6531995


4.1

Percentage of foreign prisoners

2013

  • Percentage of foreign prisoners
PercentageObservation Date
4.12013


41

Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)

2015

  • Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
NumberObservation Date
412015
322013
312010
282007
202004
212001
171998
151995



18,106,000

Population

2015

  • Population
NumberObservation Date
18,106,0002015


704,700

International migrants

2015

  • International migrants
NumberObservation Date
704,7002015


3.9

International migrants as a percentage of the population

2015

  • International migrants as a percentage of the population
PercentageObservation Date
3.92015


25,122

Refugees

2018

  • Refugees
NumberObservation Date
25,1222018
24,1552017
32,5462016
34,0172015
31,8942014


1.75

Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants

2016

  • Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
NumberObservation Date
1.752016
1.812014


77

Total number of new asylum applications

2016

  • Total number of new asylum applications
NumberObservation Date
772016
1902014


100

Refugee recognition rate

2014

  • Refugee recognition rate
NumberObservation Date
1002014


0

Stateless persons

2016

  • Stateless persons
NumberObservation Date
02016
02015

Domestic Law Expand all

Legal tradition Show sources
NameObservation Date
Civil law2017
Customary law2017

Latest Update Show sources
Update StatusObservation Date
Burkina Faso has rapidly turned into an “unprecedented humanitarian emergency” as conflicts in the Sahel region have displaced hundreds of thousands of people in the past two years, according to MSF. As the Covid-19 pandemic takes hold in the country, UNHCR has expressed alarm over “the growing insecurity in Burkina Faso, where violence is forcing thousands of people to flee their homes every day.’’ On 3 May, there were 652 confirmed cases of Covid-19 in Burkina Faso, making it the most affected of the West African Sahel country. Authorities declared a state of sanitary emergency on 27 March, closed its borders, and announced a quarantine in eight cities. A week before, on 19 March, the Ministry of Justice suspended most visits in prisons, allowing only lawyers to visit clients if they respected sanitary measures. On 3 April, the president announced the release of 1,207 detainees based on their age, state of health, amount of time served. At that time, 7,621 people were imprisoned in the country and the occupancy level in prisons, based on official capacity, was at approximately 190 percent. In 2019, the UN Committee against Torture expressed concern ‘’about conditions of detention, impunity, impacts of counterterrorism measures on human rights, and actions by members of self-defence militias (Koglweogo) who are reportedly carrying out illegal arrests, detention, murder and acts of torture.’’ On 10 April, the ICRC distributed medical equipment to the country. Soap, antiseptic gel and thermometers, amongst other things, were then re-distributed by the government to prison facilities. In the Goudoubo refugee camp, located in the northeast, attacks from armed groups forced refugees to flee in early April. A UNHCR spokesperson reported that “Some took refuge in the overcrowded sites initially reserved for the internally displaced.’’2020

International Law Expand all

International treaties Show sources
NameRatification Year
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination1974
ICESCR, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights1999
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights1999
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women1987
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment1999
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child1990
ICRMW, International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families2003
ICPED, International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance2009
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2009
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations1964
CRSSP, Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons2012
CRSR, Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees1980
CTOCSP, Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime2002
CTOCTP, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children2002
OPCAT, Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment2010
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
  16/19
Individual complaints procedure Show sources
NameAcceptance Year
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 19992005
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities2009
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 19661999
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted Show sources
NumberObservation Date
3/92017
Relevant recommendations issued by treaty bodies Show sources
NameRecommendation ExcerptRecommendation Year
Committee on Migrant Workers"§25 (b) ensure that any form of detention of migrant workers for offences against immigration law is not arbitrary and is used only as a measure of last resort; (c) take measures to improve conditions of detention, including in detention facilities for foreign nationals, in the light of international standards."2013

Regional legal instruments Show sources
NameYear of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights1984
ACRWC, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child1992
APRW, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol)2006

Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review Show sources
Recomendation IssuedYear IssuedObservation Date
No20092017
No20132017

Socio Economic Data Expand all

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD) Show sources
Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)Observation Date
1,0942014
Remittances to the country Show sources
Remittances to the country (in millions USD)Observation Date
1212014
Unemployment Rate Show sources
Unemployment RateObservation Date
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD) Show sources
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in USD)Observation Date
1,119.92014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP) Show sources
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)UNDP four-tiered rankingObservation Date
183Low2015

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