No detention centre mapping data


Somalia (Puntland) Immigration Detention

The autonomous Puntland State of Somalia is both a source and transit country for migrants and refugees seeking passage to Ethiopia, Kenya, and the Persian Gulf. Authorities in Puntland have created checkpoints along transit routes where migrants are intercepted and detained. Apprehended foreigners often face prolonged periods in detention.

Quick Facts


International migrants (2013): 24,600
New asylum applications (2013): 2,886

Profile Updated: August 2016

Somalia (Puntland) Immigration Detention Profile

The autonomous Puntland State of Somalia is both a source and transit country for migrants and refugees seeking passage to Ethiopia, Kenya, and the Persian Gulf. Many people from Ethiopia and Somalia attempt to use the Puntland coast as a launching point to begin the hazardous journey across the Gulf of Aden to reach Yemen and other Gulf States. Many of the smugglers operating boats that cross the gulf are notorious for their inhumane treatment of passengers and many people die each year during the crossing.[1] Roughly a dozen foreigners, mainly men between the age of 19 and 33, are reportedly detained each month.[2]  

Authorities in Puntland have established checkpoints throughout the country in an attempt to intercept foreigners heading west towards Ethiopia, Sudan, and Libya. People stopped at these checkpoints report being interrogated and ultimately detained.

People can be confined in immigration detention facilities, at checkpoints, or in police stations. There have been numerous reports dating back at least a decade of migrants and refugees being detained at an ad hoc camp located in the Bossaso seaport.[3] Other reports indicate that some eight different facilities have been used in Bossaso and Garowe to detain irregular migrants, asylum seekers, and refugees.[4]

In 2012, the UN Independent Expert for Somalia described detention conditions as being close to inhumane. Detention facilities lacked food, water, basic sanitation, and proper ventilation.[5] While Somalia allows for monitoring by independent NGOs, including weekly monitoring of two detention centres by a local organization, authorities refused to authorize visits by the UN Political Office for Somalia or the UN Assistance Mission in Somalia’s human rights unit in 2013.

Previously, in 2006, the International Organisation for Migration reported that a camp was temporarily opened in Bossasso to confine “stranded migrants. UNHCR and the IOM reportedly assisted in the operation of the camp. According to an IOM Field Mission report, “At the beginning of November 2006 there were approximately 500 Ethiopians residing at a closed centre awaiting the screening process. ... The centre was located a few miles away from the Bossasso airport on a secluded dry piece of land encircled with hills. The authorities had at least four armed officers making sure no one escaped from detention. The weather is extremely hot, dry, and dusty and shelter for the migrants consisted of plastic sheets mounted on wood sticks.”[6]

 

[1] UNHCR, “Gulf of Aden drownings raise concerns over smuggling and rescue-at-sea tradition,” 15 April, 2011, http://www.unhcr.org/4da8598d6.html.

[2] Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat, Behind Bars: The Detention of Migrants in and from the East & Horn of Africa, 2015, http://www.regionalmms.org/.

[3] International Organization for Migration (IOM), Field Mission Report: Stranded Ethiopian Migrants in Bossasso, North East Somalia/Puntland, IOM MRF Nairobi, November 2006.

[4] UN High Commissioner for Refugees, Somalia Factsheet, June 2015; Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat, Regional Mixed Migration Summary for September 2012, http://www.unhcr.org/507ff56f9.pdf.

[5] Human Rights Council, “Report of the Independent Expert on the Situation of Human Rights in Somalia, Shamsul Bari,” United Nations, A/HRC/21/61, 22 August 2012, http://www.ohchr.org/Documents/HRBodies/HRCouncil/RegularSession/Session21/A.HRC.21.61_en.pdf.

[6] International Organization for Migration (IOM), Field Mission Report: Stranded Ethiopian Migrants in Bossasso, North East Somalia/Puntland, IOM MRF Nairobi, November 2006.

Centres List

No detention centres data available

Statistics Expand all



10,787,000

Population

2015

  • Population
NumberObservation Date
10,787,0002015


24,600

International migrants

2013

  • International migrants
NumberObservation Date
24,6002013


0.2

International migrants as a percentage of the population

2013

  • International migrants as a percentage of the population
PercentageObservation Date
0.22013


2,729

Refugees

2014

  • Refugees
NumberObservation Date
2,7292014


0.23

Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants

2013

  • Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
NumberObservation Date
0.232013


2,886

Total number of new asylum applications

2013

  • Total number of new asylum applications
NumberObservation Date
2,8862013


39.9

Refugee recognition rate

2013

  • Refugee recognition rate
NumberObservation Date
39.92013


0

Stateless persons

2014

  • Stateless persons
NumberObservation Date
02014

Domestic Law Expand all

Maximum length of time in custody prior to issuance of a detention order
Number of DaysObservation Date
12345678.912013
Maximum length of detention for persons detained upon arrival at ports of entry
Number of DaysObservation Date
5492013

Institutions Expand all

Custodial authority Show sources
AgencyMinistryMinistry TypologyObservation Date
Puntland authoritiesLocal Authority2006
Detention Facility Management Show sources
Entity NameEntity TypeObservation Date
International Organisation for MigrationInternational or Regional Organization2006
Ethiopian immigrationGovernmental2006
Types of detention facilities used in practice
Immigration detention centre (Administrative)Immigration field office (Administrative)Transit centre (Administrative)Reception centre (Administrative)Offshore detention centre (Administrative)Hospital (Administrative)Border guard (Administrative)Police station (Criminal)National penitentiary (Criminal)Local prison (Criminal)Juvenile detention centre (Criminal)Informal camp (Ad hoc)Immigration detention centre (Ad hoc)Surge facility (Ad hoc)Observation Date
2014

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