Nepal

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

No Data

Detained children

58

New asylum applications

2019

19,570

Refugees

2019

490,802

International migrants

2019

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

28 March 2020

Central Jail in Kathmandu, (https://english.khabarhub.com/2020/16/82343/)
Central Jail in Kathmandu, (https://english.khabarhub.com/2020/16/82343/)

On 16 March 2020, the Nepalese government restricted the numbers of visitors that can access prisons. Advocacy Forum-Nepal released a statement on 28 March 2020 urging the government to take actions to sanitise and disinfect prisons, detention centres and Child Correction Homes; provide prisoners and detainees with personal protection equipment (face mask, hand sanitiser, soap and clean water); and provide for isolation rooms for those who show even the mildest symptoms of infection. The Forum is also requesting the government to classify prisoners who can be released based on age, nature, severity of their crimes and whether they are convicted or awaiting trials as the release of prisoners will help control the possible Covid-19 outbreak in prisons. The Global Detention Project has not been able to obtain information on whether immigration detainees have since been released.


Last updated:

ENFORCEMENT DATA

Total Detainees/ Stock & Flow (Year)
Not Available
2019
Number of Deportations/Forced Removals (Year)
332
2020
Criminal Prison Population (Year)
17,966
2016
10,739
2010
6,952
2007
6,393
2004
5,995
2001
7,000
1998
6,200
1994
Percentage of Foreign Prisoners (Year)
5.5
2014
Prison Population Rate (per 100,000 of National Population)
62
2016
36
2010
24
2007
24
2004
24
2001
30
1998
29
1994

POPULATION DATA

Population (Year)
29,100,000
2020
28,514,000
2015
International Migrants (Year)
490,802
2019
518,200
2015
International Migrants as Percentage of Population (Year)
1.8
2015
Refugees (Year)
19,570
2019
20,808
2018
21,471
2017
25,244
2016
32,667
2015
38,490
2014
Ratio of Refugees Per 1000 Inhabitants (Year)
0.88
2016
1.37
2014
New Asylum Applications (Year)
58
2019
125
2016
146
2014
Refugee Recognition Rate (Year)
59.5
2014
Stateless Persons (Year)
0
2016
0
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA & POLLS

Gross Domestic Product per Capita (in USD)
701
2014
Remittances to the Country
5,874
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net Official Development Assistance (ODA) (in Millions USD)
880.1
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
145 (Low)
2015

B. Attitudes and Perceptions

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

LEGAL & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

GROUNDS FOR MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

LENGTH OF MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION INSTITUTIONS

PROCEDURAL STANDARDS & SAFEGUARDS

DETENTION MONITORS

TRANSPARENCY

READMISSION/RETURN/EXTRADITION AGREEMENTS

COVID-19

HEALTH CARE

COVID-19 DATA

INTERNATIONAL TREATIES

International Treaties Ratified
Ratification Year
Observation Date
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
1965
2017
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
1971
2017
ICESCR, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
1991
2017
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
1991
2017
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
1991
2017
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
1991
2017
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child
1990
2017
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
2010
2017
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 8/19
Treaty Reservations
Reservation Year
Observation Date
Individual Complaints Procedures
Acceptance Year
Observation Date
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2010
2010
2017
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 1991
1991
2017
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999 2007
2007
2017
Ratio of Complaints Procedures Accepted
Observation Date
3/7
2017

NON-TREATY-BASED INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Relevant Recommendations from the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2011
2017
No 2015
2017

REGIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

GOVERNANCE SYSTEM

Legal Tradition(s)
Common law
2017
Customary law
2017

DETENTION COSTS

OUTSOURCING

FOREIGN SOURCES OF FUNDING FOR DETENTION OPERATIONS