Nepal

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

No Data

Detained children

58

New asylum applications

2019

19,570

Refugees

2019

490,802

International migrants

2019

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

28 March 2020

Central Jail in Kathmandu, (https://english.khabarhub.com/2020/16/82343/)
Central Jail in Kathmandu, (https://english.khabarhub.com/2020/16/82343/)

On 16 March 2020, the Nepalese government restricted the numbers of visitors that can access prisons. Advocacy Forum-Nepal released a statement on 28 March 2020 urging the government to take actions to sanitise and disinfect prisons, detention centres and Child Correction Homes; provide prisoners and detainees with personal protection equipment (face mask, hand sanitiser, soap and clean water); and provide for isolation rooms for those who show even the mildest symptoms of infection. The Forum is also requesting the government to classify prisoners who can be released based on age, nature, severity of their crimes and whether they are convicted or awaiting trials as the release of prisoners will help control the possible Covid-19 outbreak in prisons. The Global Detention Project has not been able to obtain information on whether immigration detainees have since been released.


Last updated:

IMMIGRATION AND DETENTION-RELATED STATISTICS

Total number of immigration detainees by year
Not Available
2019
Criminal prison population
17,966
2016
10,739
2010
6,952
2007
6,393
2004
5,995
2001
7,000
1998
6,200
1994
Percentage of foreign prisoners
5.5
2014
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
62
2016
36
2010
24
2007
24
2004
24
2001
30
1998
29
1994
Population
29,100,000
2020
28,514,000
2015
International migrants
490,802
2019
518,200
2015
International migrants as a percentage of the population
1.8
2015
Refugees
19,570
2019
20,808
2018
21,471
2017
25,244
2016
32,667
2015
38,490
2014
Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
0.88
2016
1.37
2014
Total number of new asylum applications
58
2019
125
2016
146
2014
Refugee recognition rate
59.5
2014
Stateless persons
0
2016
0
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
701
2014
Remittances to the country
5,874
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
880.1
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
145 (Low)
2015

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Common law
2017
Customary law
2017

INTERNATIONAL LAW

International treaty reservations
Reservation Year
Observation Date
Individual complaints procedure
Acceptance Year
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2010
2010
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 1991
1991
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999 2007
2007
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
3/7
2017
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2011
2017
No 2015
2017

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS