San Marino

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

5,507

International migrants

2019

34,232

Population

2020

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

10 April 2021

Guaita Tower View, (TNT Magazine,
Guaita Tower View, (TNT Magazine, "San Marino's Only Prisoner Has a Private Library, Gym and TV Room," 26 April 2012, https://www.tntmagazine.com/news/weird/san-marinos-only-prisoner-has-a-private-library-gym-and-tv-room)

The microstate San Marino, located in a mountainous region close to Italy’s Adriatic coast and with a population of some 35,000, only slowly responded to the COVID-19 pandemic. According to the International Organisation for Migration’s COVID-19 Travel Restriction Monitoring, San Marino did not implement travel restrictions until late 2020 and early 2021. As of 19 March 2021, entry into the country from areas outside of Italy and the Vatican City is subject to a negative PCR test or vaccine injection. Travels to and from orange and red zones in Italy are only allowed for work, health, and highly necessary reasons. There is also a night curfew and mask obligation in place.

The GDP has been unable to establish whether San Marino practices immigration-related detention. To date, the GDP has not identified any dedicated immigration removal facilities nor collected statistics related to immigration enforcement in the country. The country has not ratified the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and its 1967 Protocol, but allows for extraordinary residence permits to be given for humanitarian protection needs, and to victims of violence and/or trafficking.

In January 2020, the country only had two people in prison. Most people convicted of crimes in the state and sentenced to prison terms serve their sentences in Italian prisons. The country released its two inmates by 15 April 2020, however this was reportedly not a preventative measure related to COVID-19.


Last updated:

ENFORCEMENT DATA

Total Migration Detainees: Flow + Stock (year)
Not Available
2019
Total Number of Children Placed in Immigration Detention (Year)
Not Available
2017
Criminal Prison Population (Year)
2
2016
0
2012
Percentage of Foreign Prisoners (Year)
100
2015
0
2012
Prison Population Rate (per 100,000 of National Population)
0
2012

POPULATION DATA

Population (Year)
34,232
2020
320,000
2015
International Migrants (Year)
5,507
2019
4,700
2015
International Migrants as Percentage of Population (Year)
14.8
2015
Refugees (Year)
1
2015
Stateless Persons (Year)
0
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA & POLLS

B. Attitudes and Perceptions

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

LEGAL & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

GROUNDS FOR MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

LENGTH OF MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION INSTITUTIONS

PROCEDURAL STANDARDS & SAFEGUARDS

DETENTION MONITORS

TRANSPARENCY

READMISSION/RETURN/EXTRADITION AGREEMENTS

COVID-19

HEALTH CARE

COVID-19 DATA

INTERNATIONAL TREATIES

International Treaties Ratified
Ratification Year
Observation Date
OP ICESCR, Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
2015
2018
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
2008
2017
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
2002
2017
ICESCR, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
1985
2017
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
1985
2017
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
2003
2017
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
2006
2017
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child
1991
2017
CTOCTP, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children
2010
2017
CTOCSP, Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
2010
2017
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 11/19
Individual Complaints Procedures
Acceptance Year
ICERD, declaration under article 14 of the Convention 2008
2008
ICESCR, Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 2008 2015
2015
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 1985
1985
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999 2005
2005
CAT, declaration under article 22 of the Convention 2015
2015
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2008
2008
Ratio of Complaints Procedures Accepted
Observation Date
6/7
2017

NON-TREATY-BASED INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Relevant Recommendations from the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2010
2017
No 2014
2017
Yes 2020

REGIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Regional Legal Instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
Observation Date
CPCSE, Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse 2010
2010
2017
ECPT, European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment of Punishment 1990
1990
2017
CATHB, Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings 2010
2010
2017
ECHRP1, Protocol 1 to the European Convention on Human Rights (amended by protocol 11) 1989
1989
2017
ECHRP7, Protocol 7 to the European Convention on Human Rights (amended by protocol 11) 1989
1989
2017
ECHRP12, Protocol 12 to the European Convention on Human Rights 2003
2003
2017
ECHR, Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (commonly known as the European Convention on Human Rights 1989
1989
2017

GOVERNANCE SYSTEM

Legal Tradition(s)
Civil law
2017

DETENTION COSTS

OUTSOURCING

FOREIGN SOURCES OF FUNDING FOR DETENTION OPERATIONS