No detention centre mapping data


Afghanistan Immigration Detention

Having suffered decades of internal conflict and foreign military interventions, Afghanistan is one of the world's more important source countries for migrants and refugess, with more than five million nationals living outside the country. Because of it proximity to China and other volatile countries, relatively small numbers of people have sought refuge in Afghanistan in recent years. Among the more vulnerable groups are Uighurs from western China, an ethic minority who can face persecution in China stemming from their Islamic faith. At the behest of China, Afghanistan has deported dozens of Uighurs back to China, who are detained at the headquarters of Afghanistan's National Directorate of Security in Kabul prior to removal. 

Quick Facts


International migrants (2015): 382,400
New asylum applications (2016): 55

Centres List

No detention centres data available

Statistics Expand all



Not Available

Total number of immigration detainees by year

  • Total number of immigration detainees by year
NumberObservation Date
Not Available


26,519

Criminal prison population

2014

  • Criminal prison population
NumberObservation Date
26,5192014


0.9

Percentage of foreign prisoners

2007

  • Percentage of foreign prisoners
PercentageObservation Date
0.92007


74

Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)

2014

  • Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
NumberObservation Date
742014



32,527,000

Population

2015

  • Population
NumberObservation Date
32,527,0002015


382,400

International migrants

2015

  • International migrants
NumberObservation Date
382,4002015


1.2

International migrants as a percentage of the population

2015

  • International migrants as a percentage of the population
PercentageObservation Date
1.22015


59,770

Refugees

2016

  • Refugees
NumberObservation Date
59,7702016
257,5542015
300,4232014


9.5

Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants

2014

  • Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
NumberObservation Date
9.52014


55

Total number of new asylum applications

2016

  • Total number of new asylum applications
NumberObservation Date
552016
342014


0

Stateless persons

2016

  • Stateless persons
NumberObservation Date
02016
02015

Domestic Law Expand all

Legal tradition Show sources
NameObservation Date
Muslim law2017

Immigration-status-related grounds
NameObservation Date
Unknown2016
Non-immigration-status-related grounds providing for administrative detention in immigration legislation.
NameObservation Date
None2016
Unknown2016

Has the country decriminalized immigration-related violations?
Has the country decriminalized immigration-related violations?Observation Date
Unknown2016

Provision of basic procedural standards
NameIn LawIn PracticeObservation Date
Unknown2016

Types of non-custodial measures
NameIn LawIn PracticeObservation Date
Unknowninfrequently2016

Is the detention of vulnerable persons provided in law? Are they detained in practice? Show sources
NameIn LawIn PracticeObservation Date
WomenNot mentionedYes2015
Unaccompanied minorsNot mentionedYes2015
Accompanied minorsNot mentionedYes2015

International Law Expand all

Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
  10/16
Individual complaints procedure Show sources
NameAcceptance Year
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities2012
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted Show sources
NumberObservation Date
1/72017
Treaty bodies decisions on individual complaints
NameCase DetailsObservation Date
2016

Recommendations issued by regional human rights mechanisms
NameRecommendation ExcerptRecommendation YearObservation Date
20162016

Visits by special procedures of the Human Rights Council
NameYear of VisitObservation Date
None02016
Relevant recommendations by UN Special Procedures
NameRecommendation ExcerptRecommendation YearObservation Date
None
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review Show sources
Recomendation IssuedYear IssuedObservation Date
No20142017
No20092017
None0

Institutions Expand all

Custodial authority Show sources
AgencyMinistryMinistry TypologyObservation Date
National Directorate of SecurityNational Directorate of SecurityInternal or Public Security2015
Apprehending authorities Show sources
NameAgencyMinistryObservation Date
National Directorate of Security 2015
Detention Facility Management Show sources
Entity NameEntity TypeObservation Date
National Directorate of SecurityGovernmental2015
Types of detention facilities used in practice
Immigration detention centre (Administrative)Immigration field office (Administrative)Transit centre (Administrative)Reception centre (Administrative)Offshore detention centre (Administrative)Hospital (Administrative)Border guard (Administrative)Police station (Criminal)National penitentiary (Criminal)Local prison (Criminal)Juvenile detention centre (Criminal)Informal camp (Ad hoc)Immigration detention centre (Ad hoc)Surge facility (Ad hoc)Observation Date
2016
2015

Does national preventive mechanism (NPM) carry out visits?
Does NPM carry out visits in practice?Observation Date
Testing1950
Does NPM have capacity to receive complaints?
Does NPM have capacity to receive complaints?Observation Date
Yes2013
Does NPM publicly release reports on immigration detention?
Does NPM publicly release reports on immigration detention?Observation Date
2013
Do NGOs carry out visits?
Do NGOs regularly carry our visits?Observation Date
Yes2013
NGO capacity to receive complaints?
NGO capacity to receive complaints?Observation Date
No2013
Do NGOs publish reports on immigration detention?
Do NGOs publish reports on immigration detention?Observation Date
Yes2013
Do parliamentary organs carry out visits?
Do parliamentary organs carry out visits?Observation Date
Yes2000
Do parliamentary organs have capacity to receive complaints?
Do parliamentary organs have capacity to receive complaints?Observation Date
Yes2013
Do parliamentary organs publicly report on their detention findings?
Do parliamentary organs publicly report on their detention findings?Observation Date
Yes2013
Do internal inspection agencies (IIAs) carry out visits?
Do IIAs regularly carry out visits?Observation Date
Yes2013
Do IIAs have capacity to receive complaints?
Do IIAs have capacity to receive complaints?Observation Date
Yes2004
Do IIAs publicly report their findings from detention inspections?
Do IIAs publicly report their findings from detention inspections?Observation Date
Yes2010
Do international and/or regional bodies (IRBs) visit immigration-related detention facilities?
Do international and/or regional bodies (IRB) regularly visit immigration-related detention facilities?Observation Date
Yes2007
Do IRBs publicly report their findings from inspections?
Do IRBs publicly report their findings from detention inspections?Observation Date
Yes2008

Socio Economic Data Expand all

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD) Show sources
Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)Observation Date
6332014
Remittances to the country Show sources
Remittances to the country (in millions USD)Observation Date
636,2002015
Unemployment Rate Show sources
Unemployment RateObservation Date
9.12014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD) Show sources
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in USD)Observation Date
4,823,3002014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP) Show sources
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)UNDP four-tiered rankingObservation Date
171Low2015

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