Afghanistan

Not Available

Immigration detainees

Not Available

Detained children

2017

33

New asylum applications

2019

72,227

Refugees

2019

149,762

International migrants

2019

Overview

Having suffered decades of internal conflict and foreign military interventions, Afghanistan is one of the world's more important source countries for migrants and refugess, with more than five million nationals living outside the country. Because of it proximity to China and other volatile countries, relatively small numbers of people have sought refuge in Afghanistan in recent years. Among the more vulnerable groups are Uighurs from western China, an ethic minority who can face persecution in China stemming from their Islamic faith. At the behest of China, Afghanistan has deported dozens of Uighurs back to China, who are detained at the headquarters of Afghanistan's National Directorate of Security in Kabul prior to removal. 

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

28 May 2020

Afghan Prisoners Prepare to be released from Pul-e-Charkhi prison in Kabul, (Rahmat Gul, AP,
Afghan Prisoners Prepare to be released from Pul-e-Charkhi prison in Kabul, (Rahmat Gul, AP, "Afghan Prison Chief Laments Conditions In Country's Jails," Gandhara, 22 April 2020, https://gandhara.rferl.org/a/afghan-prison-chief-laments-conditions-in-country-s-jails/30569489.html)

As of 28 May, Afghanistan had reported 13,036 cases of Covid-19 and 235 deaths related to the disease.

As previously reported (See the 30 April Sweden update), the Afghan Ministry for Refugees wrote an open letter on 18 March 2020 to European countries requesting that they halt all deportations to Afghanistan due to the Covid-19 threat. On 31 March, the German government announced it would cease deportations to Afghanistan for the time being with the last flight having taken place on 12 March. The request to halt deportations came at a time where IOM reported that approximately 100,000 Afghans were deported or returned voluntarily from Iran. IOM said that 53,069 undocumented Afghans returned from Iran through the Milnak and Herat borders between 8-14 March, representing a 171 percent increase. The organisation added that since 1 January, the total number of undocumented returnees from Iran is of 136,186 persons, including unaccompanied migrant children, single parent families, physically disabled persons and elders.

On 6 May, the prison authority announced that 10 prisoners tested positive for Covid-19 out of 600 tested. A prisoner detained in the Pul-e-Charkhi prison stated that three prisoners had died after contracting Covid-19. In addition, on 17 May at least 13 detainees tested positive in a prison in the province of Herat.

On 22 April, more than 5,000 prisoners were reportedly freed, mostly women, juveniles and sick prisoners, to reduce the risk of coronavirus spreading. On the same day, Afghanistan’s new prison chief, Ahmad Rashid Totakhail, complained to journalists about widespread abuses in the country’s prison system. He described problems ranging from the lack of a comprehensive database on the length of detainees’ sentences to sexual abuse of underage prisoners and a general lack of access to medical care. Subsequently, on 27 April, Afghan President Ashraf Ghani issued a decree to release over 12,000 inmates and to reform various prisons as part of measures to prevent the spread of Covid-19.


Last updated: October 2015

DETENTION, EXPULSION, AND INCARCERATION STATISTICS

Total number of immigration detainees by year
Not Available
Total number of detained minors
Not Available
2017
Criminal prison population
26,519
2014
Percentage of foreign prisoners
0.9
2007
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
74
2014

DEMOGRAPHICS AND IMMIGRATION-RELATED STATISTICS

Population
38,900,000
2020
35,530,080
2017
32,527,000
2015
International migrants
149,762
2019
134,000
2017
382,400
2015
International migrants as a percentage of the population
0.4
2017
1.2
2015
Refugees
72,227
2019
72,231
2018
75,298
2017
59,770
2016
257,554
2015
300,423
2014
Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
1.79
2016
9.5
2014
Total number of new asylum applications
33
2019
55
2016
34
2014
Stateless persons
0
2016
0
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
585.85
2017
633
2014
Remittances to the country
378,240,420
2017
636,200
2015
Remittances from the country
86,359,034
2017
Unemployment Rate
2017
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
4,064,330,000
2016
4,823,300
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
168 (Low)
2017
171 (Low)
2015
World Bank Rule of Law Index
5 (-1.6)
2017

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Muslim law
2017
Is the detention of vulnerable persons provided in law? Are they detained in practice?
Women (Not mentioned) Yes
2015
Unaccompanied minors (Not mentioned) Yes
2015
Accompanied minors (Not mentioned) Yes
2015

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 13/19
Individual complaints procedure
Acceptance Year
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2012
2012
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
1/7
2017
Treaty bodies decisions on individual complaints
Observation Date
2016
Recommendations issued by regional human rights mechanisms
Recommendation Year
Observation Date
2016
2016
2016
Visits by special procedures of the Human Rights Council
Year of Visit
Observation Date
None 0
0
2016
Relevant recommendations by UN Special Procedures
Recommendation Year
Observation Date
None
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2014
2017
No 2009
2017
None 0

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS

Custodial authority
National Directorate of Security (National Directorate of Security) Internal or Public Security
2015
Apprehending authorities
National Directorate of Security ()
2015
Detention Facility Management
National Directorate of Security (Governmental)
2015
Types of detention facilities used in practice
2016
2015
Does NPM have capacity to receive complaints?
Yes
2013
Does NPM publicly release reports on immigration detention?
2013
NGO capacity to receive complaints?
No
2013
Do NGOs publish reports on immigration detention?
Yes
2013
Do parliamentary organs carry out visits?
Yes
2000
Do parliamentary organs have capacity to receive complaints?
Yes
2013
Do parliamentary organs publicly report on their detention findings?
Yes
2013
Do internal inspection agencies (IIAs) carry out visits?
Yes
2013
Do IIAs have capacity to receive complaints?
Yes
2004
Do IIAs publicly report their findings from detention inspections?
Yes
2010
Do international and/or regional bodies (IRBs) visit immigration-related detention facilities?
Yes
2007
Do IRBs publicly report their findings from inspections?
Yes
2008