Iran

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

979,435

Refugees

2019

2,682,214

International migrants

2019

84,000,000

Population

2020

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

05 May 2020

Many Afghan migrants in search of work cross the border to Iran from Herat province (BBC, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-52523048?CMP=share_btn_me)
Many Afghan migrants in search of work cross the border to Iran from Herat province (BBC, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-52523048?CMP=share_btn_me)

On 1 May, reports emerged detailing Iranian border guards beating, torturing, and forcing a group of Afghan migrants into the Harirud River in an attempt to prevent them from entering the country from Afghanistan’s Herat Province. According to one migrant who witnessed the incident, Iranian guards “warned us that if we do not throw ourselves into the water, we will be shot.”

As of 3 May, at least seven Afghans are believed to have drowned, and more than 30 remain missing. Doctors at Herat District Hospital stated that they had received several bodies - four of whom reportedly displayed clear signs of death by drowning. In a statement released the following day, Afghanistan’s Foreign Ministry announced that an inquiry had been launched, however the Iranian consulate in Herat denied all allegations.

It is estimated that between 1.5 and 3 million Afghans live and work in Iran - many as wage labourers on construction projects. Following the outbreak of Covid-19, which hit Iran particularly acutely, large numbers returned to Afghanistan. With Iran starting to ease its restrictions, some have sought to return in search of employment.


07 April 2020

"Tabriz Prison Riot, Smoke Coming Out from the Facility," 26 March 2020, https://iran-hrm.com/wp-content/uploads/2020/03/Tabriz-Prison-Guards-Clamp-Down-on-Prisoners-Fearing-Coronavirus-Infection-690x375.jpg

According to UNHCR, “There are close to one million refugees in Iran, mostly from Afghanistan and also Iraq. From the onset of the pandemic, the Government of Iran has made every effort to ensure that all refugees have access to the same health services as Iranians, so that they are fully included in the national COVID-19 response.” However, as of this update, the Global Detention Project has found no reports indicating that the government is taking specific measures to assist people who may be in prisons or detention centres for immigration or asylum-related reasons.

In mid-March, the government ordered the release of 85,000 prisoners detained in criminal prisons in efforts to combat the spread of Coronavirus. On 20 March, prisoners attempted to escape the Parsilon Prison of Khorramabad in western Iran in a coordinated plan with people involved inside and outside the facility. Reports indicate that individuals attacked the prison from the outside and killed two or three prison guards. Guards and security forces subsequently opened fire on about 250 fleeing prisoners, which left many of them dead. Following the riot, martial law was declared in Khorramabad and raids are being conducted to apprehend the fleeing prisoners.


Last updated:

DETENTION, EXPULSION, AND INCARCERATION STATISTICS

Total number of immigration detainees by year
Not Available
2019
Total number of detained minors
Not Available
2017
Criminal prison population
225,624
2014
204,365
2010
148,843
2007
144,755
2004
158,000
2001
101,801
1993
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
287
2014
276
2010
208
2007
210
2004
239
2001
174
1993

DEMOGRAPHICS AND IMMIGRATION-RELATED STATISTICS

Population
84,000,000
2020
International migrants
2,682,214
2019
Refugees
979,435
2019
979,435
2016
979,437
2015
982,027
2014
Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
12.24
2016
Total number of new asylum applications
85
2016
Stateless persons
0
2016

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
80.5
2014

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Muslim law
2017
Civil law
2017

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 7/19
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
0/5
0/5
Relevant recommendations issued by treaty bodies
Recommendation Year
Committee on the Rights of the Child §64.The Committee continues to be concerned about the large number of children living and/or working in the streets, particularly in urban centres such as Tehran, Isfahan, Mashhad, and Shiraz. It regrets that the State party could not present studies on the extent and nature of the problem and is concerned that the centres known as “Khaneh Sabz”, “Khaneh Shoush” and “Khaneh Reyhane” homes, which were established to assist these children, albeit in a limited capacity, have been closed down. It is equally concerned at reports of the round-up and arrest of Afghan children in the streets despite the fact that they were registered with the authorities, and that as a “condition” for their release the authorities request that their parents register for repatriation. The Committee welcomes the policy of the State party to reunite children with their families, whenever possible, and notes the State party’s assurances that these children are assembled in centres for further assistance and not arrested with police methods. §65. The Committee recommends that the State party: ... (d) Ensure that all Afghan children rounded up on the streets are released and are not used to push their parents to repatriate; 2005
2005
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2010
2017
No 2014

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS