No detention centre mapping data


Rwanda Immigration Detention

Quick Facts


International migrants (2015): 441,500
New asylum applications (2016): 50

Centres List

No detention centres data available

Statistics Expand all



54,279

Criminal prison population

2015

  • Criminal prison population
NumberObservation Date
54,2792015
55,6182012
59,3112008
82,0002006
87,0002004
112,0002002
145,0211998


0.3

Percentage of foreign prisoners

2002

  • Percentage of foreign prisoners
PercentageObservation Date
0.32002


434

Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)

2015

  • Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
NumberObservation Date
4342015
4922012
2212008
1672006
1112004
1022002
1391998



11,610,000

Population

2015

  • Population
NumberObservation Date
11,610,0002015


441,500

International migrants

2015

  • International migrants
NumberObservation Date
441,5002015


3.8

International migrants as a percentage of the population

2015

  • International migrants as a percentage of the population
PercentageObservation Date
3.82015


145,360

Refugees

2018

  • Refugees
NumberObservation Date
145,3602018
170,9902017
156,0552016
144,7372015
73,8202014


13.13

Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants

2016

  • Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
NumberObservation Date
13.132016
6.512014


50

Total number of new asylum applications

2016

  • Total number of new asylum applications
NumberObservation Date
502016
432014


100

Refugee recognition rate

2014

  • Refugee recognition rate
NumberObservation Date
1002014


0

Stateless persons

2016

  • Stateless persons
NumberObservation Date
02016
02016
02015

Domestic Law Expand all

Legal tradition Show sources
NameObservation Date
Civil law2017
Customary law2017

Latest Update Show sources
Update StatusObservation Date
Refugees and migrants, relocated to Rwanda from Libya and subsequently held in Gashora Emergency Transit Centre outside Kigali, have protested against their lockdown. Rwanda has accepted several hundred persons, evacuated from Libya’s notorious detention facilities. Some have been screened and approved for relocation to countries including Canada and Norway, but the lockdown has suspended their onward travel, leaving them stuck in the transit centre indefinitely. UNHCR reportedly issued a statement urging calm and emphasised that Rwandan laws have ordered the various restrictions in place.2020

International Law Expand all

International treaties Show sources
NameRatification Year
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations1974
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination1975
ICESCR, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights1975
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights1975
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women1981
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child1991
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment2008
ICRMW, International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families2008
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2008
CRSR, Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees1980
CRSSP, Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons2006
CTOCTP, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children2003
CTOCSP, Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime2006
OPCAT, Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment2015
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
  14/19
Individual complaints procedure Show sources
NameAcceptance Year
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 19992008
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities2008
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted Show sources
NumberObservation Date
2/82017
Relevant recommendations issued by treaty bodies Show sources
NameRecommendation ExcerptRecommendation Year
Human Rights Committee§ 30. […]The State party should ensure that detention pending deportation is only applied if reasonably necessary and proportionate, after due consideration of less invasive means and for the shortest possible period of time, and that individuals detained for immigration-related reasons are held in facilities specifically designed for that purpose.2016
Committee on Migrant Workers"§24. (a) ensure that detention of migrants for violations of immigration law is used only as a measure of last resort and in s pecial facilities; and that, inso far as practicable, migrants detained for immigration offences are held separately from ordinary prisoners; and (b) include in its next periodic report detailed information on the number of migrants detained for immigration offences and on the place, average duration and conditions of their detention."2012

Regional legal instruments Show sources
NameYear of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights1983
ACRWC, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child2001
APRW, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol)2004

Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review Show sources
Recomendation IssuedYear IssuedObservation Date
No20112017
No20152017

Socio Economic Data Expand all

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD) Show sources
Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)Observation Date
6952014
Remittances to the country Show sources
Remittances to the country (in millions USD)Observation Date
1792014
Unemployment Rate Show sources
Unemployment RateObservation Date
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD) Show sources
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in USD)Observation Date
1,0342014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP) Show sources
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)UNDP four-tiered rankingObservation Date
163Low2015

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