Philippines

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

218

New asylum applications

2019

680

Refugees

2019

218,530

International migrants

2019

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

18 May 2020

Prisoners in the Quezon City Jail Seen From Above, (Maria Tan, AFP,
Prisoners in the Quezon City Jail Seen From Above, (Maria Tan, AFP, "While government stalls, coronavirus breaks into PH jails," Rappler, 18 April 2020, https://www.rappler.com/newsbreak/in-depth/258297-while-government-stalls-coronavirus-breaks-into-philippine-jails)

As of mid-May, the Philippines had nearly 12,000 confirmed cases of COVID-19 and 800 deaths. Since March 15, the Metro Manila region of the country has been subject to a lockdown, including a ban on entry and exit by land, domestic air, and domestic sea, and mandatory home quarantine and social distancing. Restrictions have also been introduced in other regions of the country. The Duterte administration has come under fire from human rights organisations for sanctioning the use of lethal force by the police and security forces to enforce the lockdown, which has resulted in multiple killings and tens of thousands of arrests.

The Philippines is notorious for its overcrowded jails and prisons. On April 17, 9 inmates and 9 prison employees at the Quezon City jail tested positive for COVID-19. On April 21, 18 inmates and one worker in the Correctional Institution for Women in Mandaluyong were reported to be infected with COVID-19 after coming into contact with a sick inmate.

Following those incidents in correctional facilities and prisons, on April 22, the Bureau of Immigration (BI) said that it would move to “decongest its detention center in Bicutan, Taguig City to reduce the risk of COVID-19 outbreak among the foreigners confined in the facility.” It stated that “overcrowding in the facility exposes both the inmates and their guards to the risk of getting infected with the virus.” The Commissioner of the Bureau, Jaime Morente, “ordered the bureau’s legal division and other concerned offices to speed up the resolution of deportation cases against foreigners presently detained at the BI Warden Facility (BIWF) in Camp Bagong Diwa, Bicutan.” He also said that the BI “might consider granting bail and release via recognizance for aliens who cannot be deported yet due to pending court cases.” The same press release noted that BIWF had identified high-risk detainees within the facility, including three pregnant women. Two of these women were released on bail and one was deported.

Regarding conditions in the facility, the press release stated: “Morente previously ordered the creation of a BI-Covid Task Force that would ensure all employees, as well as wards, receive appropriate medical response and Covid-related concerns are properly addressed… To ensure sanitized premises, all wards were advised to always take a bath, and are not allowed to enter common facilities without properly sanitizing themselves. They were likewise informed of DOH protocols in proper handwashing and sanitizing.” No visitors are allowed to enter BIWF. The Philippine National Police has been tapped to assist in securing the facility’s premises.


Last updated:

ENFORCEMENT DATA

Total Migration Detainees: Flow + Stock (year)
Not Available
2019
Reported Population (Day)
300
2020
Countries of Origin (Year)
China (Korea, South) Japan Vietnam
2020
Total Number of Children Placed in Immigration Detention (Year)
Not Available
2017
Criminal Prison Population (Year)
142,168
2016
108,305
2012
102,267
2009
89,639
2005
67,798
2002
70,383
1999
35,864
1993
Percentage of Foreign Prisoners (Year)
0.4
2016
Prison Population Rate (per 100,000 of National Population)
140
2016
111
2012
111
2009
108
2005
86
2002
94
1999
55
1993

POPULATION DATA

Population (Year)
109,600,000
2020
100,699,000
2015
International Migrants (Year)
218,530
2019
211,900
2015
International Migrants as Percentage of Population (Year)
0.2
2015
Refugees (Year)
680
2019
642
2018
522
2017
382
2016
269
2015
222
2014
New Asylum Applications (Year)
218
2019
105
2016
90
2014
Stateless Persons (Year)
1,068
2018
2,678
2017
4,636
2016
8,619
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA & POLLS

Gross Domestic Product per Capita (in USD)
2,872
2014
Remittances to the Country
28,403,500
2015
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net Official Development Assistance (ODA) (in Millions USD)
675.7
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
115 (Medium)
2015

B. Attitudes and Perceptions

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

LEGAL & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

GROUNDS FOR MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

LENGTH OF MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION INSTITUTIONS

Custodial Authorities
Bureau of Immigration (Department of Justice) Justice
2006
Bureau of Immigration (Department of Justice) Justice
2004

PROCEDURAL STANDARDS & SAFEGUARDS

DETENTION MONITORS

TRANSPARENCY

READMISSION/RETURN/EXTRADITION AGREEMENTS

COVID-19

HEALTH CARE

COVID-19 DATA

INTERNATIONAL TREATIES

International Treaties Ratified
Ratification Year
Observation Date
OPCAT, Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
2012
2012
CRSSP, Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons
2011
2011
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
2008
2008
CTOCTP, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children
2002
2002
CTOCSP, Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime
2002
2002
ICRMW, International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families
1995
1995
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child
1990
1990
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
1986
1986
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
1986
1986
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
1981
1981
CRSR, Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
1981
1981
PCRSR, Protocol to the Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
1981
1981
ICESCR, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
1974
1974
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
1967
1967
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
1965
1965
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 15/19
Individual Complaints Procedures
Acceptance Year
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 1989
1989
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999 2003
2003
Ratio of Complaints Procedures Accepted
Observation Date
2/7
2017

NON-TREATY-BASED INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Relevant Recommendations from the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2008
2017
No 2012
2017
No 2017
2017

REGIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Regional Legal Instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
Observation Date
ASEAN CATPWC Convention Against Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children 2017
2017
2017

GOVERNANCE SYSTEM

Legal Tradition(s)
Common law
2017
Civil law
2017

DETENTION COSTS

OUTSOURCING

FOREIGN SOURCES OF FUNDING FOR DETENTION OPERATIONS