Viet Nam

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2019

Not Available

Long-term centres

2019

5

New asylum applications

2019

76,104

International migrants

2019

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

08 October 2020

P. Jha, “Coronavirus Vietnam: The Mysterious Resurgence of Covid-19,” BBC News, 8 August 2020, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-53690711
P. Jha, “Coronavirus Vietnam: The Mysterious Resurgence of Covid-19,” BBC News, 8 August 2020, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-53690711

As of 7 October, Viet Nam had detected 1,099 cases of COVID-19, out of a population of 21.5 million people. Although the country has been lauded for its efforts to contain the virus--including through early border closures and widespread quarantine and testing activities--some observers have questioned the government’s transparency in reporting COVID-19 statistics.

The Law On Foreigners’ Entry Into, Exit From, Transit Through and Residence in Viet Nam does not provide provisions on immigration detention, and there is little available information about the treatment of migrants or asylum seekers in immigration enforcement procedures in the country. Viet Nam is not a signatory to the Refugee Convention. As of December 2017, the government reported that the number of registered stateless persons and persons of undetermined nationality had increased to 29,522 from 11,000 at the end of 2016. It also reported that there had not been any asylum applications in Viet Nam since 2002.

According to the 2020 US Trafficking in Persons Report, the Vietnamese government has made efforts to protect victims of trafficking by providing them with the right to legal representation, shelter, and financial support; as well as operating awareness campaigns in communities vulnerable to trafficking. However, victim identification and assistance procedures reportedly remain ineffective.


Last updated:

DETENTION, EXPULSION, AND INCARCERATION STATISTICS

Total number of immigration detainees by year
Not Available
2019
Number of immigration detainees on a given day
Not Available
2019
Total number of detained minors
Not Available
2019
Estimated total immigration detention capacity
0
2019
Number of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres
Not Available
2019
Number of deportations/forced returns only
Not Available
2019
Criminal prison population
130,679
2016
130,180
2012
113,018
2011
107,668
2009
92,153
2007
88,414
2005
55,000
1998
43,000
1996
Percentage of foreign prisoners
0.2
2016
0.3
2012
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
139
2016
145
2012
127
2011
124
2009
108
2007
106
2005
71
1998
57
1996

DEMOGRAPHICS AND IMMIGRATION-RELATED STATISTICS

Population
97,300,000
2020
93,448,000
2015
International migrants
76,104
2019
72,800
2015
International migrants as a percentage of the population
0.1
2015
Refugees
0
2016
0
2015
Total number of new asylum applications
5
2019
Stateless persons
34,110
2018
29,522
2017
11,000
2016
11,000
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
2,052
2014
Remittances to the country
12,000
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
4,217.9
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
116 (Medium)
2015

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Civil law
2017

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 9/19
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
0/7
2017
Regional legal instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ASEAN CATPWC Convention Against Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children 2017
2017
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2009
2017
No 2014
2017

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS