Viet Nam

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2019

5

New asylum applications

2019

76,104

International migrants

2019

97,300,000

Population

2020

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

08 October 2020

P. Jha, “Coronavirus Vietnam: The Mysterious Resurgence of Covid-19,” BBC News, 8 August 2020, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-53690711
P. Jha, “Coronavirus Vietnam: The Mysterious Resurgence of Covid-19,” BBC News, 8 August 2020, https://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-asia-53690711

As of 7 October, Viet Nam had detected 1,099 cases of COVID-19, out of a population of 21.5 million people. Although the country has been lauded for its efforts to contain the virus--including through early border closures and widespread quarantine and testing activities--some observers have questioned the government’s transparency in reporting COVID-19 statistics.

The Law On Foreigners’ Entry Into, Exit From, Transit Through and Residence in Viet Nam does not provide provisions on immigration detention, and there is little available information about the treatment of migrants or asylum seekers in immigration enforcement procedures in the country. Viet Nam is not a signatory to the Refugee Convention. As of December 2017, the government reported that the number of registered stateless persons and persons of undetermined nationality had increased to 29,522 from 11,000 at the end of 2016. It also reported that there had not been any asylum applications in Viet Nam since 2002.

According to the 2020 US Trafficking in Persons Report, the Vietnamese government has made efforts to protect victims of trafficking by providing them with the right to legal representation, shelter, and financial support; as well as operating awareness campaigns in communities vulnerable to trafficking. However, victim identification and assistance procedures reportedly remain ineffective.


Last updated:

ENFORCEMENT DATA

Total Detainees/ Stock & Flow (Year)
Not Available
2019
Reported Population (Day)
Not Available
2019
Total Number of Children Placed in Immigration Detention (Year)
Not Available
2019
Number of Deportations/Forced Removals (Year)
Not Available
2019
Total Immigration Detention Capacity
0
2019
Number of Dedicated Immigration Detention Centres
Not Available
2019
Criminal Prison Population (Year)
130,679
2016
130,180
2012
113,018
2011
107,668
2009
92,153
2007
88,414
2005
55,000
1998
43,000
1996
Percentage of Foreign Prisoners (Year)
0.2
2016
0.3
2012
Prison Population Rate (per 100,000 of National Population)
139
2016
145
2012
127
2011
124
2009
108
2007
106
2005
71
1998
57
1996

POPULATION DATA

Population (Year)
97,300,000
2020
93,448,000
2015
International Migrants (Year)
76,104
2019
72,800
2015
International Migrants as Percentage of Population (Year)
0.1
2015
Refugees (Year)
0
2016
0
2015
New Asylum Applications (Year)
5
2019
Stateless Persons (Year)
34,110
2018
29,522
2017
11,000
2016
11,000
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA & POLLS

Gross Domestic Product per Capita (in USD)
2,052
2014
Remittances to the Country
12,000
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net Official Development Assistance (ODA) (in Millions USD)
4,217.9
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
116 (Medium)
2015

B. Attitudes and Perceptions

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

LEGAL & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

GROUNDS FOR MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

LENGTH OF MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION INSTITUTIONS

PROCEDURAL STANDARDS & SAFEGUARDS

Legal Appeals (Year)
4 (1)
2021
Are Non-Custodial Measures/Alternatives to Detention (ATDs) Provided in Law?
Yes (Unknown)
2021
Does the Law Stipulate Consideration of Non-Custodial Measures (ATDs) before Imposing Detention?
Yes (No)
2021
Access to Detainees
No (Limited or Some Detention Centres Only) Unknown Unknown Unknown
2021

DETENTION MONITORS

TRANSPARENCY

READMISSION/RETURN/EXTRADITION AGREEMENTS

COVID-19

HEALTH CARE

COVID-19 DATA

INTERNATIONAL TREATIES

International Treaties Ratified
Ratification Year
Observation Date
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
2015
2015
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
2015
2015
CTOCTP, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children
2012
2012
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
1992
1992
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child
1990
1990
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
1982
1982
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
1982
1982
ICESCR, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
1982
1982
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
1982
1982
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 9/19

NON-TREATY-BASED INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Relevant Recommendations from the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2009
2017
No 2014
2017

REGIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Regional Legal Instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
Observation Date
ASEAN CATPWC Convention Against Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children 2017
2017
2017

GOVERNANCE SYSTEM

Legal Tradition(s)
Civil law
2017

DETENTION COSTS

OUTSOURCING

FOREIGN SOURCES OF FUNDING FOR DETENTION OPERATIONS