Saint Vincent and the Grenadines

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

4,692

International migrants

2019

101,390

Population

2020

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

13 April 2021

Sanitation Supplies Donated by CARICOM IMPACS  to the St. Vincent and the Grenadines Prison Service, (Searchlight,
Sanitation Supplies Donated by CARICOM IMPACS to the St. Vincent and the Grenadines Prison Service, (Searchlight, "CARICOM IMPACS Donates Sanitation Supplies to Prisons," 29 May 2020, https://searchlight.vc/searchlight/press-release/2020/05/29/caricom-impacs-donates-sanitation-supplies-to-prisons/?fbclid=IwAR2aAvLv5jDhxVGqULM8xUGcNTAW5AtEa2mcEQMBq-HjHP1iIRmyPqYM0DE)

Saint Vincent and the Grenadines is an island country in the Carribean with a population of around 110,000 people. Following confirmation of COVID-19 cases in March 2020, the country implemented international travel restrictions including requiring arriving passengers from high-risk countries to present a negative COVID-19 PCR test upon arrival and quarantine at a government-approved facility. In January 2021, the country’s prime minister rejected calls for imposing curfew restrictions, a state of emergency, or any lockdown measures in response to the pandemic. As of 12 April 2021, the country had recorded 1,792 cases of COVID-19 and 10 related deaths.

On 9 April 2021, the La Soufrière volcano erupted, forcing more than 16,000 people to evacuate their homes.

The GDP has been unable to establish the extent to which detention facilities are used in Saint-Vincent and the Grenadines as part of immigration enforcement procedures or to obtain details on COVID-19 related measures taken to safeguard people in immigration or criminal custody, or those in international protection situations.

According to UNHCR, in 2019 and in 2020, there were no refugees or asylum seekers in the country, but there were 38 displaced Venezuelan nationals. The country has ratified several relevant human rights treaties, including the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families and the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment. However, at the time of this report, the country had yet to submit its first state report to many treaty bodies, including the Committee on Migrant Workers.

In its concluding observations in 2018, the Committee on Migrant Workers said it was concerned over “the lack of information regarding due process guarantees for migrant workers (...) in criminal and administrative proceedings, including detention and expulsion. It is also concerned that the Immigration (Restriction) Act, which was amended in 2017, criminalises irregular entry into the State party.” The committee recommended that Saint Vincent and the Grenadines “(a) Ensure that in administrative and judicial proceedings, including detention and expulsion proceedings, migrant workers and members of their families, particularly those in an irregular situation, are guaranteed due process on an equal basis with nationals of the State party before the courts and tribunals; (b) Decriminalise irregular entry and ensure that the minimum guarantees enshrined in the Convention are assured with regard to administrative and judicial procedures against migrant workers and members of their families, in line with Articles 16 and 17 of the Convention.”

The country received numerous relevant recommendations during its review for the second cycle of the UN Universal Periodic Review (UPR) in 2016, including: “harmonise its national legislation with international human rights standards (Morocco) (para. 80.29)” and “take immediate steps to bring conditions at all detention facilities, including Her Majesty’s Prison and Fort Charlotte Prison, into line with the United Nations Standard Minimum Rules for the Treatment of Prisoners (Canada) (para. 80.87).” Additionally, UNHCR recommended that the country “(b) Take measures to ensure the early identification of persons in need of international protection and facilitate their access to asylum procedures, including persons in detention, through further training and sensitisation of immigration officers; (c) seek alternatives to detention of asylum-seekers.”

As of 29 May 2020, there had been no reported COVID-19 cases at Saint Vincent and the Grenadines’ prisons. On 20 May 2020, the Carribean Community (CARICOM) donated basic sanitation supplies to the country’s prison system to help minimise the risk of infection and transmission of COVID-19 in prisons. These products included infrared thermometers, cleaning products and hand sanitisers.


Last updated:

DETENTION, EXPULSION, AND INCARCERATION STATISTICS

Total number of immigration detainees by year
Not Available
2019
Total number of detained minors
Not Available
2017
Criminal prison population
412
2014
460
2013
Percentage of foreign prisoners
8.3
2014
7.8
2013
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
378
2014
422
2013

DEMOGRAPHICS AND IMMIGRATION-RELATED STATISTICS

Population
101,390
2020
109,000
2015
International migrants
4,692
2019
4,600
2015
International migrants as a percentage of the population
4.2
2015
Refugees
0
2015
Stateless persons
0
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
6,668
2014
Remittances to the country
32
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
9.2
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
97 (High)
2015

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Common law
2017

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 14/19
Individual complaints procedure
Acceptance Year
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2010
2010
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 1981
1981
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
2/8
2/8
Regional legal instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
CBDP, Inter-American Convention on the Prevention, Punishment and Eradication of Violence against Women (Convention of Belem do Para) 1996
1996
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2016
2017
No 2011

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS