Tonga

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

3,752

International migrants

2019

106,095

Population

2020

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

30 September 2020

Students from the Queen Salote School of Nursing Participate in a Repatriation Drill in June 2020, (Government of the Kingdom of Tonga,
Students from the Queen Salote School of Nursing Participate in a Repatriation Drill in June 2020, (Government of the Kingdom of Tonga, "Tonga Practices COVID-19 Repatriations," RNZ, 17 June 2020, https://www.rnz.co.nz/international/pacific-news/419162/tonga-practices-covid-19-repatriations)

In March, Tonga instituted a State of Emergency and shut its borders in order to prevent a domestic outbreak. As with other Pacific-island nations like Palau and Samoa, Tonga remained as of October 2020 one of a small handful of countries that had not reported any COVID-19 cases.

Historically, Tonga has not been a destination for asylum seekers or refugees. There is no national asylum legislation and the country is not a signatory to the Refugee Convention. There is little available information about the treatment of migrants or asylum seekers in immigration enforcement procedures in Tonga.

According to the 2020 US Trafficking in Persons Report, there are concerns about the vulnerability of Tongan nationals and foreign individuals to trafficking in Tonga. Since convicting its first trafficker in April 2011, the government has not prosecuted or convicted any trafficking cases. The government has still not developed procedures to proactively identify victims or effectively coordinated anti-trafficking efforts.


Last updated:

IMMIGRATION AND DETENTION-RELATED STATISTICS

Total number of immigration detainees by year
Not Available
2019
Total number of detained minors
Not Available
2017
Criminal prison population
176
2014
163
2013
Percentage of foreign prisoners
0
2009
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
166
2014
155
2013
Population
106,095
2020
106,000
2015
International migrants
3,752
2019
5,700
2015
International migrants as a percentage of the population
5.4
2015
Refugees
0
2016
0
2015
Stateless persons
0
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
4,114
2014
Remittances to the country
114
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
79.9
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
100 (Medium)
2015

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Common law
2017

INTERNATIONAL LAW

International treaty reservations
Reservation Year
Observation Date
ICERD Article 5 1972
1972
2017
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
0/2
2017
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2008
2017
No 2013
2017

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS