No detention centre mapping data


Ethiopia Immigration Detention

Although Ethiopia is an important refugee host country as well as transit country for African migrants and asylum seekers trying to reach the Gulf or Europe, little is known about its immigration-related detention practices. The country is also a major source country and Ethiopians account for the vast majority of people arriving in Yemen.

Quick Facts


International migrants (2015): 1,072,900
New asylum applications (2016): 435

Profile Updated: August 2016

Ethiopia Immigration Detention Profile

Ethiopia is an important refugee host country as well as a transit country for people seeking to make their way to the Gulf States or Europe, particularly from South Central Somalia and Somaliland.[1]

Little is known about the migrant detention practices of Ethiopia. However, there have been occasional reports of authorities arresting and deporting migrants as they pass through the country. Foreigners appear to be detained in the country’s prisons prior to deportation.

The government reportedly allows the International Committee for the Red Cross (ICRC) to visit prisons and consular officials and NGO representatives have met with prisoners. However, conditions in Ethiopian prisons are generally poor. Issues include children being incarcerated alongside adults, extreme overcrowding, limited access to potable water, and unreliable medical care.

In addition to being a transit country for migrants, Ethiopia hosts the largest population of refugees in Africa. The UN High Commissioner for Refugees (UNHCR) reported that, as of December 2014, the country was hosting 644,168 refugees. The majority of these refugees are from South Sudan and Somalia. Ethiopia’s Administration for Refugee and Returnee Affairs, along with the UNHCR, has supported these refugees by providing camps with access to healthcare, education, water, sanitation, and hygiene.

 

[1] This summary relies primarily on information provided in the U.S. State Department’s 2014 human rights report on Ethiopia, http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/236570.pdf; and the Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat’s 2015 report, Behind Bars: The Detention of Migrants in and from the East & Horn of Africa, http://www.regionalmms.org.  

Centres List

No detention centres data available

Statistics Expand all



111,050

Criminal prison population

2012

  • Criminal prison population
NumberObservation Date
111,0502012
112,3612010
86,3662009
72,2112006
66,0372003
55,2092000


128

Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)

2012

  • Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
NumberObservation Date
1282012
1362010
1072009
962006
942003
852000



99,391,000

Population

2015

  • Population
NumberObservation Date
99,391,0002015


1,072,900

International migrants

2015

  • International migrants
NumberObservation Date
1,072,9002015
718,2002013


1.1

International migrants as a percentage of the population

2015

  • International migrants as a percentage of the population
PercentageObservation Date
1.12015
0.82013


791,616

Refugees

2016

  • Refugees
NumberObservation Date
791,6162016
736,0862015
659,5242014


6.8

Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants

2014

  • Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
NumberObservation Date
6.82014
4.612013


435

Total number of new asylum applications

2016

  • Total number of new asylum applications
NumberObservation Date
4352016
3,0372014
4382013


100

Refugee recognition rate

2014

  • Refugee recognition rate
NumberObservation Date
1002014
1002013


0

Stateless persons

2016

  • Stateless persons
NumberObservation Date
02016
02015

International Law Expand all

Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
  10/16
International treaty reservations Show sources
NameReservation YearObservation Date
CRSR Article 2219691969
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted Show sources
NumberObservation Date
0/72017

Regional legal instruments Show sources
NameYear of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights1998
ACRWC, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child2002

Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review Show sources
Recomendation IssuedYear IssuedObservation Date
No20102017
No20142017

Socio Economic Data Expand all

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD) Show sources
Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)Observation Date
5732014
Remittances to the country Show sources
Remittances to the country (in millions USD)Observation Date
6462014
Unemployment Rate Show sources
Unemployment RateObservation Date
5.22014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD) Show sources
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in USD)Observation Date
3,585.12014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP) Show sources
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)UNDP four-tiered rankingObservation Date
174Low2015

Pew Global Attitudes Poll on Immigration Show sources
% who agree with the statement “We should restrict and control entry of people into our country more than we do now.”Observation Date
752007

Additional Resources


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