No detention centre mapping data


Albania Immigration Detention

Quick Facts


International migrants (2015): 57,600
New asylum applications (2016): 2,161

Centres List

No detention centres data available

Statistics Expand all



5,564

Criminal prison population

2017

  • Criminal prison population
NumberObservation Date
5,5642017
5,2012013


1.4

Percentage of foreign prisoners

2017

  • Percentage of foreign prisoners
PercentageObservation Date
1.42017
1.52012


193

Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)

2017

  • Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
NumberObservation Date
1932017
1812013



2,897,000

Population

2015

  • Population
NumberObservation Date
2,897,0002015


57,600

International migrants

2015

  • International migrants
NumberObservation Date
57,6002015


2

International migrants as a percentage of the population

2015

  • International migrants as a percentage of the population
PercentageObservation Date
22015


111

Refugees

2016

  • Refugees
NumberObservation Date
1112016
1042015
1042014


0.04

Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants

2014

  • Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
NumberObservation Date
0.042014


2,161

Total number of new asylum applications

2016

  • Total number of new asylum applications
NumberObservation Date
2,1612016
4272014


4,921

Stateless persons

2016

  • Stateless persons
NumberObservation Date
4,9212016
7,4432015

Domestic Law Expand all

Legal tradition Show sources
NameObservation Date
Civil law2017

Core pieces of national legislation
NameYear AdoptedLast Year Amended
Law on Asylum in the Republic of Albania. Law No. 8432. 1998. 1998

Is the detention of vulnerable persons provided in law? Are they detained in practice? Show sources
NameIn LawIn PracticeObservation Date
Asylum seekersProvidedYes2015
Unaccompanied minorsProvided2015

International Law Expand all

International treaties Show sources
NameRatification Year
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2013
ICRMW, International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families2007
ICPED, International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance2007
OPCAT, Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment2003
CRSSP, Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons2003
CTOCTP, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children2002
CTOCSP, Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime2002
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination1994
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women1994
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment1994
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child1992
CRSR, Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees1992
PCRSR, Protocol to the Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees1992
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights1991
ICESCR, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights1991
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations1991
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
  16/16
Individual complaints procedure Show sources
NameAcceptance Year
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 19662007
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 19992003
ICPED, International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, declaration under article 312007
CRC, [Third] Optional Protocol to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child establishing a communications procedure, 20112013
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted Show sources
NumberObservation Date
4/92017
Relevant recommendations issued by treaty bodies Show sources
NameRecommendation ExcerptRecommendation Year
Human Rights Committee 13. The Committee is concerned that the automatic detention until deportation of all persons entering the country irregularly, including minors, and the lack of adequate information and referral of asylum seekers among such persons to the asylum procedure, exposes persons in need of international protection to a high risk of refoulement. The Committee is also concerned at the poor living conditions in transit reception facilities for asylum seekers and refugees (arts. 6, 7, 9 and 10). The State party should ensure proper implementation of pre-screening procedures at the border and inside the country in order to ensure that persons in need of international protection are identified and referred to the asylum procedure, regardless of whether or not they entered the country in an irregular manner. It should refrain from detaining asylum seekers on the basis of the manner of entry into the country. It should improve living conditions in transit reception facilities.2013

Bilateral/multilateral agreements linked to readmission Show sources
NameYear in ForceObservation Date
Austria20072017
Germany20032017
Belgium20082017
Bulgaria20032017
Denmark20082017
Greece19952017
Italy20082017
Hungary20102017
Luxembourg20082017
Malta20112017
Romania20052017
Spain20112017
Norway20092017
Slovakia20102017
Slovenia20112017
Netherlands20082017
United Kingdom20052017
Iceland20102017
Switzerland20032017
Bosnia and Herzegovina20102017
Croatia20052017
Macedonia20052017
Kosovo20102017
Moldova20132017
Montenegro20112017
Serbia20112017
Albania (EU agreement)20062006

Visits by special procedures of the Human Rights Council Show sources
NameYear of VisitObservation Date
Special Rapporteur on the human rights of migrants20112011
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review Show sources
Recomendation IssuedYear IssuedObservation Date
No20102017
Yes20142017

Institutions Expand all

Apprehending authorities Show sources
NameAgencyMinistryObservation Date
Border Patrol2015
Police2014
Types of detention facilities used in practice Show sources
Immigration detention centre (Administrative)Immigration field office (Administrative)Transit centre (Administrative)Reception centre (Administrative)Offshore detention centre (Administrative)Hospital (Administrative)Border guard (Administrative)Police station (Criminal)National penitentiary (Criminal)Local prison (Criminal)Juvenile detention centre (Criminal)Informal camp (Ad hoc)Immigration detention centre (Ad hoc)Surge facility (Ad hoc)Observation Date
YesYes2015
2015

Authorized monitoring institutions Show sources
InstitutionInstitution TypeObservation Date
Office of the People's Advocate (Avokati i Popullit)National Human Rights Institution (or Ombudsperson) (NHRI)2016
Office of the People's Advocate (Avokati i Popullit)OPCAT National Preventive Mechanism (NPM)2016
Is the national human rights institution (NHRI) recognized as independent? Show sources
Is the NHRI recognized as independent by the International Coordinating Committee of National Human Rights Institutions?Observation Date
Yes2016
Does NHRI carry out visits? Show sources
Does NHRI carry out visits in practice?Observation Date
Yes2016
Does NHRI have capacity to receive complaints? Show sources
Does NHRI have capacity to receive complaints?Observation Date
Yes2016
Does NHRI publicly release reports on immigration detention? Show sources
Does NHRI publicly release reports on immigration detention?Observation Date
Yes2015
Does national preventive mechanism (NPM) carry out visits? Show sources
Does NPM carry out visits in practice?Observation Date
Yes2015
Does NPM publicly release reports on immigration detention? Show sources
Does NPM publicly release reports on immigration detention?Observation Date
Yes2015

Does the country receive external sources of funding? Show sources
Benefitted from non-state funding sources?Observation Date
Yes2010
Description of foreign assistance Show sources
Description of non-state assistanceObservation Date
According to a EU Parliament question to the EU Commission (March 2013): During his visit to Albania in December 2011, the UN Special Rapporteur on the Human Rights of Migrants expressed his concern about the closed detention centre in Kareç. The Kareç closed detention centre, which opened in 2010, was constructed primarily with funding from the European Union. The issues of accessibility, detention conditions, legal safeguards in law and practice and the treatment of detainees, which are explicitly mentioned in the UN Special Rapporteur’s report, are therefore particularly worrying. The report mentions, in particular: the ‘bad road conditions, which seriously obstruct the enjoyment of detainees’ right to legal defence and independent monitoring by national and international bodies’; the centre’s infrastructure and organisation; the poor living and hygienic conditions, such as cold and humidity and the lack of outdoor facilities or activities, which recall those of ‘a mid‐ to high-security prison’; the internal regulations, which contain provisions allowing the presence of ‘minors’ in the centre; and the lack of adequate information in a language commonly spoken by detainees about their rights and the reasons for their detention. Taking into account the readmission agreement between Albania and the EU, which entered into force on 1 May 2006 and presupposes full respect of human rights and fundamental freedoms, on what basis was this detention centre funded by the EU? Did the Commission have any say in the architectural planning and internal regulation of the centre? Is the Commission aware of the situation described above? If so, what steps has it taken to remedy the situation? If not, what concrete steps will it take now?2013

Socio Economic Data Expand all

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD) Show sources
Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)Observation Date
4,5642014
Remittances to the country Show sources
Remittances to the country (in millions USD)Observation Date
1,118,0002015
Unemployment Rate Show sources
Unemployment RateObservation Date
16.12014
20.782013
Unemployment rate amongst migrants
Unemployment rate amongst migrantsObservation Date
80.452013
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD) Show sources
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in USD)Observation Date
280.12014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP) Show sources
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)UNDP four-tiered rankingObservation Date
85High2015

Additional Resources


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