Georgia

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

0

Detained children

2017

1,218

New asylum applications

2019

1,355

Refugees

2019

79,035

International migrants

2019

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

Related Reading

23 July 2020

Georgian Servicemen Inspects Cars and People at an Entrance to the Town of Marneuli, some 40 km from the capital of Tbilisi, on 23 March, (Zurab Kurtsikidze, EFE,
Georgian Servicemen Inspects Cars and People at an Entrance to the Town of Marneuli, some 40 km from the capital of Tbilisi, on 23 March, (Zurab Kurtsikidze, EFE, "Georgia’s furious fight against COVID-19," Euractiv, 24 March 2020, https://www.euractiv.com/section/eastern-europe/news/georgias-furious-fight-against-covid-19/)

Responding to the Global Detention Project’s Covid-19 survey, the International Organisation for Migration (IOM) Georgia office reported that the country applied a full moratorium on new immigration detention orders during the state of emergency that lasted two months (21 March to 22 May) due to Covid-19. IOM Georgia stated that they were aware of an Indian national being released from immigration detention as there was no prospect of returning him any time soon due to the restrictions on international mobility. imposed by the Georgian government. However, no particular measures are being taken to prevent the spread of infection and ensure the appropriate care of persons released from detention.

Additionally, IOM Georgia indicated that no migrants accommodated in the Temporary Accommodation Centre of the Migration Department had been tested for Covid-19 and that no regular testing was ongoing. Upon admission, migrants usually undergo a general medical examination, temperature check, and are asked if they suffer from any of Covid-19 common symptoms. During their stay, the Centre’s medical staff observe their overall health conditions. If a migrant has or develops any Covid-19 symptoms after the initial medical check by a doctor, they will be transported to a relevant medical facility, tested, and, if needed, will receive treatment outside the detention centre.

Forced returns have been temporarily suspended according to IOM Georgia. The organisation also reported that from the start of the pandemic, the government of Georgia imposed restrictions on all border crossings and that regular passenger movement remains suspended. Thermal screening upon arrival and mandatory 14 day quarantine or self-isolation procedures were put in place for all those entering Georgia. In order for Georgian nationals stranded abroad to return to Georgia during the crisis, the government organised evacuation charter flights from various countries.

The government has announced that it will open the country’s borders with only 5 countries (Germany, France, Lithuania, Latvia and Estonia) and that regular flights to and from those countries will be available from August onwards. In addition, the government decreed that any non-citizen who was legally residing in Georgia on 14 March and who since has not been able, for objective reasons, to leave the country, will be considered a legal resident until flight restrictions are lifted.


Last updated:

IMMIGRATION AND DETENTION-RELATED STATISTICS

Total number of immigration detainees by year
Not Available
2019
Total number of detained minors
0
2017
Criminal prison population
9,451
2017
9,888
2014
Percentage of foreign prisoners
3.9
2017
1.9
2014
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
254
2017
219
2014
Population
4,000,000
2020
4,000,000
2015
International migrants
79,035
2019
168,800
2015
International migrants as a percentage of the population
4.2
2015
Refugees
1,355
2019
1,991
2018
2,091
2017
2,107
2016
1,979
2015
857
2014
Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
0.53
2016
0.21
2014
Total number of new asylum applications
1,218
2019
914
2016
1,792
2014
Refugee recognition rate
9.3
2014
Stateless persons
566
2018
587
2017
580
2016
793
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
3,670
2014
Remittances to the country
2,065
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
562.8
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
76 (High)
2015

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Civil law
2017

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Individual complaints procedure
Acceptance Year
ICERD, declaration under article 14 of the Convention 2005
2005
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 1994
1994
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999 2002
2002
CAT, declaration under article 22 of the Convention 2005
2005
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
4/7
2017
Regional legal instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
CPCSE, Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse 2014
2014
ECPT, European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment of Punishment 2000
2000
ECCF, European Convention on Consular Functions 2011
2011
CATHB, Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings 2007
2007
ECHRP1, Protocol 1 to the European Convention on Human Rights (amended by protocol 11) 2002
2002
ECHRP7, Protocol 7 to the European Convention on Human Rights (amended by protocol 11) 2000
2000
ECHRP12, Protocol 12 to the European Convention on Human Rights 2001
2001
ECHR, Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (commonly known as the European Convention on Human Rights 1999
1999
Bilateral/multilateral agreements linked to readmission
Year in Force
Observation Date
Denmark 2016
2016
2017
Germany 2008
2008
2017
Germany 2016
2016
2017
Lithuania 2014
2014
2017
Norway 2012
2012
2017
Switzerland 2005
2005
2017
Turkey 2005
2005
2017
Belarus 2016
2016
2017
Moldova 2016
2016
2017
Ukraine 2005
2005
2017
EU 2011
2011
2017
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
Yes 2011
2017
Yes 2015
2017

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS