No detention centre mapping data


Malawi Immigration Detention

Quick Facts


International migrants (2015): 215,200
New asylum applications (2016): 17,028

Centres List

No detention centres data available

Statistics Expand all



14,018

Criminal prison population

2016

  • Criminal prison population
NumberObservation Date
14,0182016
12,2362012
11,6722010
10,8302007
9,2202004
7,9202001
6,5051998
4,8861996
4,6851993


0.2

Percentage of foreign prisoners

2014

  • Percentage of foreign prisoners
PercentageObservation Date
0.22014
12009


79

Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)

2016

  • Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
NumberObservation Date
792016
772010
782007
742004
682001
611998
481996
481993



17,215,000

Population

2015

  • Population
NumberObservation Date
17,215,0002015


215,200

International migrants

2015

  • International migrants
NumberObservation Date
215,2002015


1.2

International migrants as a percentage of the population

2015

  • International migrants as a percentage of the population
PercentageObservation Date
1.22015


13,782

Refugees

2018

  • Refugees
NumberObservation Date
13,7822018
8,9822017
9,3862016
9,0192015
5,8742014


0.53

Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants

2016

  • Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
NumberObservation Date
0.532016
0.352014


17,028

Total number of new asylum applications

2016

  • Total number of new asylum applications
NumberObservation Date
17,0282016
3,8772014


100

Refugee recognition rate

2014

  • Refugee recognition rate
NumberObservation Date
1002014


0

Stateless persons

2016

  • Stateless persons
NumberObservation Date
02016
02015

Domestic Law Expand all

Legal tradition Show sources
NameObservation Date
Common law2017
Customary law2017

Core pieces of national legislation Show sources
NameYear AdoptedLast Year Amended
Immigration Act

Does the country provide specific criminal penalties for immigration-related violations? Show sources
FinesIncarcerationObservation Date
NoYes2018

Latest Update Show sources
Update StatusObservation Date
As of 19 April Malawi did not have any reported cases of Covid-19. The country has also not taken any measures to lockdown businesses as the country’s High Court blocked such measures in a ruling on 19 April. However, there are growing concerns among civil society organisations about the impact the virus could have in the country’s overcrowded prisons, which also house immigration detainees. Malawi’s prisons reportedly confine more than 14,000 prisoners despite having a capacity of only 5,000. A joint statement issued by the Centre for Human Rights Advice Assistance and Education, Youth Watch Society, Paralegal Resource Centre, Southern Africa Litigation Centre and Child Rights Advocacy and Paralegal Aid Centre called on the country’s president to “release all prisoners who are serving time for minor offences including contempt of court, being idle and disorderly, being a rogue and vagabond, common nuisance and breach of the peace.” The statement also urges that priority be given “to those that are terminally ill, older persons, persons with TB and others chronic illnesses and those who have served a substantial part of their sentences” and urges “ the President to prevent the detention in prison of all migrants who are detained on immigration-related charges.” According to the International Detention Coalition (IDC), its local members in Malawi have raised concerns about migrants being “swept up” in four detention centres that were reportedly opened for quarantine purposes. After 14 days, migrants are to be transferred to immigration detention centres and prisons. IDC members have mentioned that conditions in Malawi’s detention centres are inhumane and inadequate as there is a lack of access to water or soap in the cells where migrants are being forced to stay. On 9 April 2020, a visit to Zomba Central Prison revealed that the facility has six buckets used by thousands of prisoners who wash their hands without soap. It is reported that new inmates are only being screened for HIV and TB but not Covid-19, which increases the risk of spread of Covid-19. One of the inmates expressed concern about the situation: “We were warned about coronavirus by the prison authorities. They advised us that we must wash hands regularly. My duty is to see that new detainees wash their hands before being admitted to the facility. There are no coronavirus testing kits at the clinic. After they are tested for TB and HIV, the new inmates are admitted and sent to the various blocks.” Malawi’s president also announced that his administration is to decongest the prisons by releasing prisoners and juveniles who committed petty offences and those having served a significant portion of their sentences for moderate crimes.2020

International Law Expand all

International treaties Show sources
NameRatification Year
ICPED, International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance2017
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations1980
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination1996
ICESCR, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights1993
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights1993
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women1987
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment1996
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child1991
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2009
CRSR, Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees1987
CRSSP, Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons2009
CTOCTP, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children2005
CTOCSP, Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime2005
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
  13/19
International treaty reservations Show sources
NameReservation YearObservation Date
CRSR Article 2219872017
Individual complaints procedure Show sources
NameAcceptance Year
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 19661996
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted Show sources
NumberObservation Date
1/72017

Regional legal instruments Show sources
NameYear of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights1989
ACRWC, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child1999
APRW, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol)2005

Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review Show sources
Recomendation IssuedYear IssuedObservation Date
No20112017
No20152017

Socio Economic Data Expand all

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD) Show sources
Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)Observation Date
2552014
Remittances to the country Show sources
Remittances to the country (in millions USD)Observation Date
292014
Unemployment Rate Show sources
Unemployment RateObservation Date
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD) Show sources
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in USD)Observation Date
930.22014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP) Show sources
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)UNDP four-tiered rankingObservation Date
173Low2015

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