No detention centre mapping data


Belarus Immigration Detention

Quick Facts


International migrants (2015): 1,082,900
New asylum applications (2016): 762

Centres List

No detention centres data available

Statistics Expand all



0

Number of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres

2018

  • Number of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres
NumberObservation Date
02018


0

Estimated capacity of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres

2018

  • Estimated capacity of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres
NumberObservation Date
02018


0

Number of dedicated medium-term immigration detention centres

2018

  • Number of dedicated medium-term immigration detention centres
NumberObservation Date
02018


66

Number of criminal facilities

2018

  • Number of criminal facilities
NumberObservation Date
662018


0

Number of ad hoc facilities

2018

  • Number of ad hoc facilities
NumberObservation Date
02018


33,300

Criminal prison population

2017

  • Criminal prison population
NumberObservation Date
33,3002017
29,7762014
31,7002012


3.1

Percentage of foreign prisoners

2015

  • Percentage of foreign prisoners
PercentageObservation Date
3.12015


314

Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)

2014

  • Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
NumberObservation Date
3142014
3352012



9,496,000

Population

2015

  • Population
NumberObservation Date
9,496,0002015


1,082,900

International migrants

2015

  • International migrants
NumberObservation Date
1,082,9002015


11.4

International migrants as a percentage of the population

2015

  • International migrants as a percentage of the population
PercentageObservation Date
11.42015


1,632

Refugees

2016

  • Refugees
NumberObservation Date
1,6322016
1,8092015
9252014


0.1

Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants

2014

  • Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
NumberObservation Date
0.12014


762

Total number of new asylum applications

2016

  • Total number of new asylum applications
NumberObservation Date
7622016
8672014


5.5

Refugee recognition rate

2014

  • Refugee recognition rate
NumberObservation Date
5.52014


6,182

Stateless persons

2016

  • Stateless persons
NumberObservation Date
6,1822016
6,3022015

Domestic Law Expand all

Legal tradition Show sources
NameObservation Date
Civil law2017

Constitutional guarantees? Show sources
NameConstitution and ArticlesYear AdoptedLast Year Amended
YesArt.11 Foreign nationals and stateless persons on the territory of Belarus shall enjoy rights and liberties and execute duties on equal terms with the citizens of the Republic of Belarus, unless otherwise specified in the Constitution, the laws and international treaties. Art 25. The State shall safeguard personal liberty, inviolability and dignity. The restriction or denial of personal liberty is possible in the instances and under the procedure specified in law. A person who has been taken into custody shall be entitled to a judicial investigation into the legality of his detention or arrest. No one shall be subjected to torture or cruel, inhuman or undignified treatment or punishment, or be subjected to medical or other experiments without one's consent.19942004
Core pieces of national legislation Show sources
NameYear AdoptedLast Year Amended
Law N 105-З on Legal status of foreigners and stateless persons in the Republic of Belarus20102016
Code of the Republic of Belarus on Administrative Offences (#194-3)20032018
Additional legislation Show sources
NameYear AdoptedLast Year Amended
Law of the Republic of Belarus N 354-З “On Granting Refugee Status, Additional Protection, Asylum and Temporary Protection in the Republic of Belarus to Foreign Citizens and Stateless Persons”20082016
The procedural Сode of the Republic of Belarus on Administrative Offenses, N 194-З20062018
Regulations, standards, guidelines Show sources
NameYear Published
Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus N 333 "On approval of the Regulations on the procedure for deportation of foreign citizens and stateless persons"2007
Resolution of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus of 03.02.2006 N 146 "On approval of the Regulation on the procedure for the expulsion of foreign citizens and stateless persons from the Republic of Belarus and recognition as not valid of certain decisions of the Council of Ministers of the Republic of Belarus on the deportation of such persons"2006

Immigration-status-related grounds Show sources
NameObservation Date
Detention to establish/verify identity and nationality2006
Detention to prevent unauthorised entry at the border2006
Detention to effect removal2006
Detention for failing to respect a voluntary removal order2006
Non-immigration-status-related grounds providing for administrative detention in immigration legislation. Show sources
NameObservation Date
None

Does the country provide specific criminal penalties for immigration-related violations? Show sources
FinesIncarcerationObservation Date
NoNo2018

Maximum length for administrative immigration detention in law. Show sources
Number of DaysObservation Date
No Limit2018
Maximum length of time in custody prior to issuance of a detention order Show sources
Number of DaysObservation Date
32006

Provision of basic procedural standards Show sources
NameIn LawIn PracticeObservation Date
Right to legal counselYesinfrequently2018
Access to free interpretation servicesYesYes2018
Access to consular assistanceYesYes2018
Independent review of detentionNoNo2018
Right to appeal the lawfulness of detentionYesNo2018

Types of non-custodial measures Show sources
NameIn LawIn PracticeObservation Date
Registration (deposit of documents)NoNo2018
Designated regional residenceNoNo2018
Designated non-secure housingNoNo2018
Impact of alternatives
NameImpact of NatureObservation Date
Not applicable2018

Is the detention of vulnerable persons provided in law? Are they detained in practice? Show sources
NameIn LawIn PracticeObservation Date
Pregnant womenProvidedYes2018
Survivors of tortureNot mentionedYes2018
RefugeesNot mentionedYes2018
Victims of traffickingNot mentionedYes2018
ElderlyNot mentionedYes2018
Asylum seekersProvidedYes2008

Expedited/fast track removal Show sources
NameObservation Date
No2018
Re-entry ban Show sources
NameObservation Date
Yes2007

International Law Expand all

Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
  10/19
Individual complaints procedure Show sources
NameAcceptance Year
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 19661992
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 19992004
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted Show sources
NumberObservation Date
2/62017
Relevant recommendations issued by treaty bodies Show sources
NameRecommendation ExcerptRecommendation Year
Committee against TorturePara 53b Refrain from detaining migrants, including minors who may be detained with their relatives, in regular pretrial or temporary detention facilities and provide them with access to a lawyer and other fundamental legal safeguards;2018

Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review Show sources
Recomendation IssuedYear IssuedObservation Date
No20102017
No20152017

Institutions Expand all

Federal or centralized governing system Show sources
Federal or centralized governing systemObservation Date
Centralized system2018
Centralized or decentralized immigration authority
Centralized or decentralized immigration authorityObservation Date
Centralized immigration authority2018

Custodial authority Show sources
AgencyMinistryMinistry TypologyObservation Date
Departments of State Border ControlState Border ControlDefence2018
Departments of internal affairsMinistry of Internal AffairsInterior or Home Affairs2018
Departments of the Committee of State SecurityCommittee of State SecurityInterior or Home Affairs2018
Apprehending authorities Show sources
NameAgencyMinistryObservation Date
Departments of the Committee of State SecurityLaw enforcement, border control and national securityMinistry of Justice2018
Departments of Internal AffairsLaw enforcement, border control and national securityMinistry of Justice2018
Departments of State Border ControlLaw enforcement, border control and national securityMinistry of Justice2018
Detention Facility Management Show sources
Entity NameEntity TypeObservation Date
Ministry of Internal AffairsGovernmental2018
Formally designated detention estate? Show sources
Formally designated immigration detention estate?Types of officially designated detention centresObservation Date
No2018

Do parliamentary organs carry out visits? Show sources
Do parliamentary organs carry out visits?Observation Date
No2018

Does the country receive external sources of funding? Show sources
Benefitted from non-state funding sources?Observation Date
Yes2018
Description of foreign assistance Show sources
Description of non-state assistanceObservation Date
The project " Assistance to Belarus to handle increased irregular migration" was registered in August 2018. The project is funded by the European Union and is implemented by the International Organization for Migration Office in Belarus in cooperation with the Ministry of Internal Affairs and the State Border Committee. The budget of the project is €7 million. The project seeks to enable voluntary return of migrants to their homeland without deportation. The border guard service will also receive vehicles to transport migrants. The project provides for the construction of new centers and also renovation of the existing ones.2018

Socio Economic Data Expand all

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD) Show sources
Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)Observation Date
8,0402014
Remittances to the country Show sources
Remittances to the country (in millions USD)Observation Date
1,2582014
Unemployment Rate Show sources
Unemployment RateObservation Date
5.92014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD) Show sources
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in USD)Observation Date
119.62014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP) Show sources
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)UNDP four-tiered rankingObservation Date
50High2015

Pew Global Attitudes Poll on Immigration Show sources
% who agree with the statement “We should restrict and control entry of people into our country more than we do now.”Observation Date
Not Applicable2018
World Bank Rule of Law Index Show sources
Percentile rank among all countries (ranges from 0 (lowest) to 100 (highest) rank)Estimate of governance (ranges from approximately -2.5 (weak) to 2.5 (strong) )Observation Date
222016
Domestic Opinion Polls on Immigration Show sources
Domestic Opinion Polls on ImmigrationObservation Date
n/a2018

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