Bhutan

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

Not Available

Long-term centres

2020

53,254

International migrants

2019

800,000

Population

2020

Overview

As of 2019, Bhutan reportedly had no immigration detention centres and few cases of people being placed in detention for immigration-related reasons. After its visit to the country 2019, the Working Group on Arbitrary Detention noted this lack of emphasis on detention and commended "the restrained approach of the authorities."

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

Related Reading

01 September 2020

As of 2019, Bhutan reportedly had no immigration detention centres and few cases of people being placed in detention for immigration-related reasons. On 23 March, it was made mandatory for all persons travelling into Bhutan to undergo a period of quarantine to prevent the spread of the coronavirus. There have been reports of people being sent to prison for “clandestine entry and false declaration of travel history” in order to evade mandatory quarantine. As of 1 September 2020, there had been 225 confirmed cases of COVID-19 in the country.


Last updated: February 2020

"31. The Working Group understands that there are no immigration detention facilities in the country and that the current practice is to seek the assistance of the police to hold those who have been found to be in breach of the Immigration Act, 2007. The lack of immigration detention facilities appears to have contributed to relatively few cases of immigration detention and, according to information received, such detention would generally not last longer than a day.

"32. The Working Group views the current practice as positive and recalls that deprivation of liberty must be a measure of last resort. It welcomes the restrained approach of the authorities towards the opening of new detention facilities and invites them to consider carefully any initiatives that would lead to opening of new types of places of deprivation of liberty."

--Working Group on Arbitrary Detention, Report on Visit to Bhutan 14-24 January 2019.

IMMIGRATION AND DETENTION-RELATED STATISTICS

Total number of immigration detainees by year
Not Available
2019
Total number of detained minors
Not Available
2017
Estimated total immigration detention capacity
0
2020
Number of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres
Not Available
2020
Criminal prison population
1,119
2014
1,001
2011
Percentage of foreign prisoners
6.8
2013
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
145
2014
135
2011
Population
800,000
2020
775,000
2015
International migrants
53,254
2019
51,100
2015
International migrants as a percentage of the population
6.6
2015
Refugees
21,392
2015
Stateless persons
0
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
2,560
2014
Remittances to the country
13
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
129.8
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
132 (Medium)
2014

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Customary law
2017
Common law
2017

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
0/2
2017
Visits by special procedures of the Human Rights Council
Year of Visit
Observation Date
Working Group on arbitrary detention 2019
2019
2019
Relevant recommendations by UN Special Procedures
Recommendation Year
Observation Date
Working Group on arbitrary detention 31. The Working Group understands that there are no immigration detention facilities in the country and that the current practice is to seek the assistance of the police to hold those who have been found to be in breach of the Immigration Act, 2007. The lack of immigration detention facilities appears to have contributed to relatively few cases of immigration detention and, according to information received, such detention would generally not last longer than a day. 32. The Working Group views the current practice as positive and recalls that deprivation of liberty must be a measure of last resort. It welcomes the restrained approach of the authorities towards the opening of new detention facilities and invites them to consider carefully any initiatives that would lead to opening of new types of places of deprivation of liberty. 2019
2019
2019
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2010
2017
No 2014
2017

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS