No detention centre mapping data


Russian Federation Immigration Detention

Quick Facts


Immigration detainees (2014): 37,522
International migrants (2015): 11,643,300
New asylum applications (2016): 26,326

Centres List

No detention centres data available

Statistics Expand all



37,522

Total number of immigration detainees by year

2014

  • Total number of immigration detainees by year
NumberObservation Date
37,5222014
14,5042012
12,4812011
13,6382010


0.12

Percentage of persons removed in relation to total number of people placed in removal procedures

2010

  • Percentage of persons removed in relation to total number of people placed in removal procedures
PercentageObservation Date
0.122010


622,079

Criminal prison population

2017

  • Criminal prison population
NumberObservation Date
622,0792017
675,0002014


4.3

Percentage of foreign prisoners

2015

  • Percentage of foreign prisoners
PercentageObservation Date
4.32015
4.22009


430

Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)

2017

  • Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
NumberObservation Date
4302017
4702014



143,457,000

Population

2015

  • Population
NumberObservation Date
143,457,0002015


11,643,300

International migrants

2015

  • International migrants
NumberObservation Date
11,643,3002015
11,195,0002010


8.1

International migrants as a percentage of the population

2015

  • International migrants as a percentage of the population
PercentageObservation Date
8.12015


228,936

Refugees

2016

  • Refugees
NumberObservation Date
228,9362016
314,5072015
235,7502014


1.64

Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants

2014

  • Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
NumberObservation Date
1.642014


26,326

Total number of new asylum applications

2016

  • Total number of new asylum applications
NumberObservation Date
26,3262016
274,7442014


4.7

Refugee recognition rate

2014

  • Refugee recognition rate
NumberObservation Date
4.72014


90,771

Stateless persons

2016

  • Stateless persons
NumberObservation Date
90,7712016
113,4742015

Domestic Law Expand all

Legal tradition
NameObservation Date
Civil law2016

Core pieces of national legislation Show sources
NameYear AdoptedLast Year Amended
Law on Refugees
Code of Administrative Offences
Law on Foreigners
Law on State Borders
Additional legislation Show sources
NameYear AdoptedLast Year Amended
Code of Administrative Procedure
Code of Civil Procedure

Immigration-status-related grounds Show sources
NameObservation Date
Detention for unauthorised entry or stay2015

Is the detention of vulnerable persons provided in law? Are they detained in practice? Show sources
NameIn LawIn PracticeObservation Date
Stateless personsYes2015
Accompanied minorsProvided2015
Asylum seekersProhibitedYes2013

Mandatory detention Show sources
FilterNameObservation Date
YesNon-citizens who have violated a re-entry ban2016
Yes2016
Yes2016

Expedited/fast track removal Show sources
NameObservation Date
Yes2016
Re-entry ban Show sources
NameObservation Date
Yes2016

International Law Expand all

Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
  12/19
Individual complaints procedure Show sources
NameAcceptance Year
ICERD, declaration under article 14 of the Convention1991
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 19661991
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 19992004
CAT, declaration under article 22 of the Convention1991
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted Show sources
NumberObservation Date
4/72017

Bilateral/multilateral agreements linked to readmission Show sources
NameYear in ForceObservation Date
Austria20052017
Austria20112017
Belgium20102017
Bulgaria20122017
Cyprus20112017
Czech Republic20122017
Denmark20112017
Estonia20112017
Germany20122017
Finland20132017
France20102017
Greece20042017
Hungary20112017
Italy20112017
Latvia20092017
Lithuania20032017
Lithuania20122017
Luxembourg20132017
Malta20112017
Poland19612017
Poland20132017
Portugal20132017
Romania20122017
Slovakia20102017
Slovenia20122017
Spain20112017
Sweden20122017
Netherlands20112017
Norway20122017
Switzerland20112017
Armenia20112017
Bosnia and Herzegovina20162017
Belarus20142017
Moldova20112017
Serbia20152017
Ukraine20132017
Turkey20112017
Kazakhstan20152017
Kyrgyzstan20132017
Mongolia20142017
Uzbekistan20142017
Viet Nam20092017
EU20072017

Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review Show sources
Recomendation IssuedYear IssuedObservation Date
No20092017
No20132017

Institutions Expand all

Federal or centralized governing system
Federal or centralized governing systemObservation Date
Federal system2016
Centralized or decentralized immigration authority
Centralized or decentralized immigration authorityObservation Date
Centralized immigration authority2016

Custodial authority Show sources
AgencyMinistryMinistry TypologyObservation Date
Federal Migration ServiceImmigration or Citizenship2013
Ministry for Internal AffairsInterior or Home Affairs2013
PoliceInternal or Public Security2013
Federal Migration Service2008
Federal Migration Service2008
Detention Facility Management Show sources
Entity NameEntity TypeObservation Date
Federal Migration ServiceGovernmental2015
Federal Migration ServiceGovernmental2013
Ministry for Internal AffairsGovernmental2013
PoliceGovernmental2013

Authorized monitoring institutions Show sources
InstitutionInstitution TypeObservation Date
High Commissioner on Human Rights in the Russian Federation (Уполномоченный по правам человека в РФ)National Human Rights Institution (or Ombudsperson) (NHRI)2016
European Committee for the Prevention of Torture (CPT)International or Regional Bodies (IRBs)2012
Is the national human rights institution (NHRI) recognized as independent? Show sources
Is the NHRI recognized as independent by the International Coordinating Committee of National Human Rights Institutions?Observation Date
Yes2016
Does NHRI carry out visits? Show sources
Does NHRI carry out visits in practice?Observation Date
Yes2014
Does NHRI have capacity to receive complaints? Show sources
Does NHRI have capacity to receive complaints?Observation Date
Yes2014
Do international and/or regional bodies (IRBs) visit immigration-related detention facilities? Show sources
Do international and/or regional bodies (IRB) regularly visit immigration-related detention facilities?Observation Date
Yes2012
Do IRBs publicly report their findings from inspections? Show sources
Do IRBs publicly report their findings from detention inspections?Observation Date
Yes2012

Socio Economic Data Expand all

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD) Show sources
Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)Observation Date
12,7352014
Remittances to the country Show sources
Remittances to the country (in millions USD)Observation Date
7,1152014
Unemployment Rate Show sources
Unemployment RateObservation Date
5.12014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP) Show sources
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)UNDP four-tiered rankingObservation Date
50High2015

Pew Global Attitudes Poll on Immigration Show sources
% who agree with the statement “We should restrict and control entry of people into our country more than we do now.”Observation Date
722007

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