Tajikistan

No Data

Immigration detainees

No Data

Detained children

2,657

Refugees

2018

9,500,000

Population

2020

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

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IMMIGRATION AND DETENTION-RELATED STATISTICS

Criminal prison population
9,317
2010
7,350
2008
10,804
2006
10,000
2003
11,000
2001
6,000
1996
4,203
1993
Percentage of foreign prisoners
4.9
2008
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
121
2010
102
2008
157
2006
152
2003
175
2001
102
1996
74
1993
Population
9,500,000
2020
8,482,000
2015
International migrants
275,100
2015
International migrants as a percentage of the population
3.2
2015
Refugees
2,657
2018
2,525
2017
2,719
2016
1,969
2015
1,782
2015
2,026
2014
Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
0.31
2016
0.24
2014
Total number of new asylum applications
273
2016
2,219
2014
Refugee recognition rate
43.8
2014
Stateless persons
4,616
2018
10,500
2017
17,002
2016
10,051
2015
Total number of immigration detainees by year
Number of immigration detainees on a given day
Top nationalities of detainees
Number of persons granted alternatives to immigration detention
Number of detained asylum seekers
Total number of detained minors
Number of detained unaccompanied minors
Number of detained accompanied minors
Number of detained stateless persons
Number of apprehensions of non-citizens
Immigration detainees as a percentage of total international migrant population
Estimated total immigration detention capacity
Number of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres
Estimated capacity of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres
Number of dedicated medium-term immigration detention centres
Number of immigration offices
Number of transit facilities
Number of criminal facilities
Number of ad hoc facilities
Number of persons removed/returned (voluntary returns and deportations)
Number of deportations/forced returns only
Percentage of persons removed in relation to total number of people placed in removal procedures
Estimated number of undocumented migrants

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
1,114
2014
Remittances to the country
3,835
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
353.3
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
129 (Medium)
2015
Remittances from the country
Unemployment rate amongst migrants
Detention for deterrence
Pew Global Attitudes Poll on Immigration
Immigration Index Score
World Bank Rule of Law Index
Domestic Opinion Polls on Immigration

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Civil law
2017
Constitutional guarantees?
Core pieces of national legislation
Additional legislation
Regulations, standards, guidelines
Immigration-status-related grounds
Non-immigration-status-related grounds providing for administrative detention in immigration legislation.
Does the country provide specific criminal penalties for immigration-related violations?
Grounds for criminal immigration-related detention/incarceration and maximum potential duration of incarceration
Has the country decriminalized immigration-related violations?
Maximum length for administrative immigration detention in law.
Longest recorded instance of immigration detention.
Maximum length of time in custody prior to issuance of a detention order
Average length of detention
Maximum length of detention for asylum-seekers
Maximum length of detention for persons detained upon arrival at ports of entry
Provision of basic procedural standards
Types of non-custodial measures
Impact of alternatives
Is the detention of vulnerable persons provided in law? Are they detained in practice?
Mandatory detention
Expedited/fast track removal
Re-entry ban

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Individual complaints procedure
Acceptance Year
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 1999
1999
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999 2014
2014
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
1/7
2017
Relevant recommendations issued by treaty bodies
Recommendation Year
Committee on Migrant Workers "§24- ( c ) strengthen its cooperation with the law enforcement agencies of the main countries of employment of tajik migrant workers in order to provide better protection for its citizens and to ensure that the situation of tajik migrant workers and members of their families , who are held in detention , is effectively monitored;" "§38. provide assistance to tajik migrants who are victims of discrimination, violence and prolonged detention in countries of employment . " 2012
2012
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2011
2017
No 2016
2017
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
International treaty reservations
Treaty bodies decisions on individual complaints
Regional legal instruments
Regional treaty reservations
Regional judicial decisions on individual complaints
Recommendations issued by regional human rights mechanisms
Bilateral/multilateral agreements linked to readmission
Visits by special procedures of the Human Rights Council
Relevant recommendations by UN Special Procedures

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS

Authorized monitoring institutions
The Human Rights Ombudsman (National Human Rights Institution (or Ombudsperson) (NHRI))
2009
Is the national human rights institution (NHRI) recognized as independent?
No
2016
Federal or centralized governing system
Centralized or decentralized immigration authority
Custodial authority
Apprehending authorities
Detention Facility Management
Formally designated detention estate?
Types of detention facilities used in practice
Does NHRI carry out visits?
Does NHRI have capacity to receive complaints?
Does NHRI publicly release reports on immigration detention?
Does national preventive mechanism (NPM) carry out visits?
Does NPM have capacity to receive complaints?
Does NPM publicly release reports on immigration detention?
Do NGOs carry out visits?
NGO capacity to receive complaints?
Do NGOs publish reports on immigration detention?
Do parliamentary organs carry out visits?
Do parliamentary organs have capacity to receive complaints?
Do parliamentary organs publicly report on their detention findings?
Do internal inspection agencies (IIAs) carry out visits?
Do IIAs have capacity to receive complaints?
Do IIAs publicly report their findings from detention inspections?
Do international and/or regional bodies (IRBs) visit immigration-related detention facilities?
Do IRBs publicly report their findings from inspections?
Types of privatisation/outsourcing
Detention contractors and other non-state entities
Estimated annual budget for detention operations
Estimated annual budgets for particular detention-related activities
Estimated cost per detainees day (in USD)
Estimated annual budget for non-custodial measures (in USD)
Estimated costs of non-custodial measures (in USD)
Does the country receive external sources of funding?
Description of foreign assistance