Mozambique

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

797

New asylum applications

2019

4,713

Refugees

2019

334,665

International migrants

2019

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

21 June 2020

Amnesty International, “Mozambique: Failure to Release African Asylum Seekers and Refugees Reveals Disturbing Flaws in Justice System,” 20 June 2020, https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2020/06/mozambique-failure-to-release-african-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-reveals-disturbing-flaws-in-justice-system/
Amnesty International, “Mozambique: Failure to Release African Asylum Seekers and Refugees Reveals Disturbing Flaws in Justice System,” 20 June 2020, https://www.amnesty.org/en/latest/news/2020/06/mozambique-failure-to-release-african-refugees-and-asylum-seekers-reveals-disturbing-flaws-in-justice-system/

On World Refugee Day (20 June), rights groups called on Mozambican authorities to release a group of 16 African refugees and asylum seekers detained in the country since 2019 and who are held in conditions in which their health is not safeguarded. The group, which includes 15 Congolese people and one Ethiopian man, were arrested (and allegedly beaten) by police and immigration officers in Maratane Refugee Camp in the north-east of the country and have since been arbitrarily detained in Pemba, Cabo Delgado province. According to Amnesty International, the group have been held in inhuman conditions with no access to clean drinking water and no toilet in their cell, and no measures have been implemented in the prison to prevent the spread of Covid-19. They have not been provided with beds and instead are reported to be sleeping on sheets of paper on the floor. In June 2019, it was also reported that the group had been denied food and medical attention, and in April 2019 the prison in which they are held was reported to have been flooded and damaged by Cyclone Kenneth.

Amnesty said in a 20 June statement, “The Mozambican government must immediately and unconditionally end the arbitrary detention of these refugees and release them without any delay or charge them with internationally recognizable offences if they have committed any crime.” In January 2019, Mozambican authorities had attempted to deport seven of the asylum seekers to the Democratic Republic of Congo, but Congolese immigration authorities denied them entry.

In a previous case in 2018 involving the six-month detention of three asylum seekers, a High Court ordered their release, affirming the rights of asylum seekers within the country. According to the Southern Africa Litigation Centre, despite Article 11 of the country’s Refugee Act stating that any criminal or administrative proceedings directly connected with illegal entry shall be suspended immediately upon the submission of the petition, asylum seekers have continued to be arrested and detained for illegal entry.


Last updated:

DETENTION, EXPULSION, AND INCARCERATION STATISTICS

Total number of immigration detainees by year
Not Available
2019
Total number of detained minors
Not Available
2017
Criminal prison population
15,976
2015
15,735
2012
15,249
2010
15,000
2007
10,000
2004
8,812
1999
7,120
1996
Percentage of foreign prisoners
0.9
2012
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
57
2015
64
2012
65
2010
69
2007
49
2004
49
1999
43
1996

DEMOGRAPHICS AND IMMIGRATION-RELATED STATISTICS

Population
31,300,000
2020
27,978,000
2015
International migrants
334,665
2019
222,900
2015
International migrants as a percentage of the population
0.8
2015
Refugees
4,713
2019
4,907
2018
4,876
2017
4,663
2016
5,622
2015
4,536
2014
Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
0.16
2016
0.17
2014
Total number of new asylum applications
797
2019
2,096
2016
3,285
2014
Refugee recognition rate
100
2014
Stateless persons
0
2016
0
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
585
2014
Remittances to the country
217
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
2,103.4
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
180 (Low)
2015

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Customary law
2017
Civil law
2017

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 14/19
International treaty reservations
Reservation Year
Observation Date
CRSR Article 22 1983
1983
2017
Individual complaints procedure
Acceptance Year
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999 2008
2008
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2012
2012
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
2/7
2017
Regional legal instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights 1989
1989
ACRWC, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child 1998
1998
APRW, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol) 2005
2005
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2011
2017
No 2016
2017

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS