No detention centre mapping data


Niger Immigration Detention

Quick Facts


International migrants (2017): 296,000
New asylum applications (2016): 16

Centres List

No detention centres data available

Statistics Expand all



8,525

Criminal prison population

2015

  • Criminal prison population
NumberObservation Date
8,5252015
6,8992012
7,0932011
6,6642008
7,4322005
6,0002002
5,2631998


44

Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)

2015

  • Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
NumberObservation Date
442015
402012
432011
442008
552005
512002
511998



21,477,348

Population

2017

  • Population
NumberObservation Date
21,477,3482017
19,399,0002015


296,000

International migrants

2017

  • International migrants
NumberObservation Date
296,0002017
189,3002015


1.4

International migrants as a percentage of the population

2017

  • International migrants as a percentage of the population
PercentageObservation Date
1.42017
12015


165,732

Refugees

2017

  • Refugees
NumberObservation Date
165,7322017
166,0842016
124,7212015
77,8302014


4.07

Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants

2014

  • Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
NumberObservation Date
4.072014


16

Total number of new asylum applications

2016

  • Total number of new asylum applications
NumberObservation Date
162016
782014


0

Refugee recognition rate

2014

  • Refugee recognition rate
NumberObservation Date
02014


0

Stateless persons

2016

  • Stateless persons
NumberObservation Date
02016
02015

Domestic Law Expand all

Legal tradition Show sources
NameObservation Date
Civil law2017
Customary law

Constitutional guarantees? Show sources
NameConstitution and ArticlesYear AdoptedLast Year Amended
YesConstitution of the 7th Republic (Constitution de la 7ème République), Art.12 and Art.182010
Core pieces of national legislation Show sources
NameYear AdoptedLast Year Amended
Decree No. 87-076 (Décret N° 87-076/PCMS/MI/MAE/C du 18 juin 1987 réglementant les conditions d'entrée et de séjour des étrangers au Niger)1987
Law No. 40 on the Entry and Stay of Foreigners (Ordonnance N° 81-40 relative à l'entrée et au séjour des étrangers au Niger)1981

Does the country provide specific criminal penalties for immigration-related violations? Show sources
FinesIncarcerationObservation Date
YesYes2018
Grounds for criminal immigration-related detention/incarceration and maximum potential duration of incarceration Show sources
Grounds for IncarcerationMaximum Number of Days of IncarcerationObservation Date
Unauthorised stay7302018

International Law Expand all

International treaties Show sources
NameRatification Year
OP ICESCR, Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights2014
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations1966
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination1967
ICESCR, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights1986
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights1986
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women1999
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment1998
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child1990
ICRMW, International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families2009
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2008
ICPED, International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance2015
CRSR, Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees1961
CRSSP, Convention Relating to the Status of Stateless Persons2014
CTOCTP, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children2004
CTOCSP, Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime2009
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
  15/19
International treaty reservations Show sources
NameReservation YearObservation Date
CEDAW Article 219992017
Individual complaints procedure Show sources
NameAcceptance Year
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 19661986
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 19992004
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities2008
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted Show sources
NumberObservation Date
3/92017
Relevant recommendations issued by treaty bodies Show sources
NameRecommendation ExcerptRecommendation Year
Committee on Migrant Workers§ 33. In the light of the Committee’s general comment No. 2 (2013) on the rights of migrant workers in an irregular situation and members of their families, the Committee recalls that administrative detention should be used only as a last resort and that children should never be detained solely for immigration-related reasons. It recommends that the State party consider alternatives to administrative detention. The Committee also recommends that the State party: (a) Include detailed, disaggregated information in its second periodic report on the number of migrant workers detained for immigration offences and the place, average duration and conditions of their detention; (b) Ensure that migrant workers detained for violations of immigration law are not held together with persons accused or convicted of a criminal offence; […]2016

Regional legal instruments Show sources
NameYear of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights1986
ACRWC, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child1999

Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review Show sources
Recomendation IssuedYear IssuedObservation Date
No20112017
No20162017

Institutions Expand all

Authorized monitoring institutions Show sources
InstitutionInstitution TypeObservation Date
Commission Nationale des Droits Humains (CNDH)National Human Rights Institution (or Ombudsperson) (NHRI)2012
Is the national human rights institution (NHRI) recognized as independent? Show sources
Is the NHRI recognized as independent by the International Coordinating Committee of National Human Rights Institutions?Observation Date
Yes2018
Does NHRI have capacity to receive complaints? Show sources
Does NHRI have capacity to receive complaints?Observation Date
Yes2012

Socio Economic Data Expand all

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD) Show sources
Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)Observation Date
378.12017
4272014
Remittances to the country Show sources
Remittances to the country (in millions USD)Observation Date
1982017
1562014
Remittances from the country Show sources
Remittances from the country (in millions USD)Observation Date
1092016
Unemployment Rate Show sources
Unemployment RateObservation Date
5.12014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD) Show sources
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in USD)Observation Date
9512016
917.82014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP) Show sources
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)UNDP four-tiered rankingObservation Date
189Low2017
188Low2015

World Bank Rule of Law Index Show sources
Percentile rank among all countries (ranges from 0 (lowest) to 100 (highest) rank)Estimate of governance (ranges from approximately -2.5 (weak) to 2.5 (strong) )Observation Date
28-0.72017

Country Links


Additional Resources


Immigration Detention in Libya: “A Human Rights Crisis”

Libya is notoriously perilous for refugees, asylum seekers, and migrants, who often suffer a litany of abuses, including at the country’s numerous detention facilities. Conditions at these facilities, many of which are under the control of militias, are deplorable. There are frequent shortages of water and food; over-crowding is endemic; detainees can experience physical mistreatment […]

July 2018 Newsletter

OUR LATEST PUBLICATIONS   Immigration Detention in Sweden: Increasing Restrictions and Deportations, Growing Civil Society Resistance Sweden used to be lauded for its comparatively humane treatment of asylum seekers and undocumented migrants. However, since the onset of the “refugee crisis,” the country has introduced a series of restrictive immigration control measures and the domestic political environment […]

Submission to the UN Committee on the Rights of the Child: Niger

Niger has long been a country of origin as well as of transit. More recently, there has been a steady flow of return migration as well as evacuations from North Africa. In its humanitarian plan for Niger for 2018, UNICEF explains that “Multi-sectoral humanitarian interventions will cover new areas, including those affected by the Malian border crisis and locations registering increasing numbers of vulnerable migrant children returning from Algeria and Libya.”

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