Sao Tome and Principe

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

2,174

International migrants

2019

200,000

Population

2020

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

01 March 2021

R. Graça, “São Tomé e Príncipe: Mortes por Covid-19 disparam e população ignora a doença,” DW, 25 February 2021, https://www.dw.com/pt-002/s%C3%A3o-tom%C3%A9-e-pr%C3%ADncipe-mortes-por-covid-19-disparam-e-popula%C3%A7%C3%A3o-ignora-a-doen%C3%A7a/a-56699946
R. Graça, “São Tomé e Príncipe: Mortes por Covid-19 disparam e população ignora a doença,” DW, 25 February 2021, https://www.dw.com/pt-002/s%C3%A3o-tom%C3%A9-e-pr%C3%ADncipe-mortes-por-covid-19-disparam-e-popula%C3%A7%C3%A3o-ignora-a-doen%C3%A7a/a-56699946

The island nation of São Tomé and Príncipe, a former Portuguese colony located in the Gulf of Guinea in Western Africa, had reported a total of 1,786 COVID-19 cases, representing less than one percent of its population (215,000), as of February 2021. There is little information available about the impact of the pandemic on migrants in the country, who in 2015 made up a mere 1.3 percent of its population, or with respect to immigration detainees or prisoners. The country does not have a functioning asylum procedure.

The U.S. State Department’s 2019 Country Report on Human Rights Practices in São Tomé and Príncipe reported that the country had overcrowded prisons that lacked medical services and infrastructure, and failed to separate pretrial and convicted detainees, and children and adults. It also reported that roughly 25 percent of the imprisoned population were pretrial detainees.

The country recorded its first four COVID-19 cases on 6 April 2020, the last country in Africa to do so. The country announced a state of emergency in March, before it reported its first case of infection, which included an international travel ban except for citizens. On 6 May 2020, a new lockdown was imposed, which only allowed exceptions for essential businesses, shift workers, and food service providers, until 17 May 2020. The state of emergency was downgraded to a “state of alert” in June, and then upgraded again to a “state of calamity” in November 2020, which remained in place as of February 2021.


Last updated:

DETENTION, EXPULSION, AND INCARCERATION STATISTICS

Total number of immigration detainees by year
Not Available
2019
Total number of detained minors
Not Available
2017
Criminal prison population
178
2016
185
2011
240
2009
155
2005
130
2002
99
1994
87
1992
Percentage of foreign prisoners
0.8
2002
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
85
2016
101
2011
139
2009
99
2005
90
2002
77
1994
71
1992

DEMOGRAPHICS AND IMMIGRATION-RELATED STATISTICS

Population
200,000
2020
International migrants
2,174
2019

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Civil law
2017
Customary law
2017
Is the detention of vulnerable persons provided in law? Are they detained in practice?
Accompanied minors (Not mentioned) No
2015
Unaccompanied minors (Not mentioned) No
2015

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 13/19
Individual complaints procedure
Acceptance Year
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 2017
2017
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999 2017
2017
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
2/8
2017
Regional legal instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights 1986
1986
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2011
2017
No 2015
2017

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS