Guinea

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

574

New asylum applications

2019

4,964

Refugees

2019

120,642

International migrants

2019

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

26 February 2021

Fraternité Des Prisons Members Along with the Dubréka Prison and Coyah Prison Directors, (GuinéeMatin,
Fraternité Des Prisons Members Along with the Dubréka Prison and Coyah Prison Directors, (GuinéeMatin, "COVID-19 : Fraternité des Prisons de Guinée offre des kits aux détenus de Dubréka et Coyah," 20 June 2020, https://guineematin.com/2020/06/20/covid-19-fraternite-des-prisons-de-guinee-offre-des-kits-aux-detenus-de-dubreka-et-coyah/)

Guinea, located on the west coast of Africa, declared a state of emergency on 26 March 2020 in response to the COVID-19 pandemic, which included several emergency measures like the closure of borders and schools. By 26 February 2021, the country had recorded 15,789 cases of COVID-19 and 88 related deaths. On 14 February 2021, the Ministry of Health informed the WHO of a new cluster of Ebola infections in the Gouécké Nzérékoré region.

There is little information available about the impact of the pandemic on refugees and migrants in Guinea. According to UNHCR, as of 31 January 2021, there were 5,561 refugees and 305 asylum seekers in the country. As of 15 February, there were 511 Ivorian arrivals to the country, and registration and border monitoring were on-going. According to UNHCR, most of the new arrivals in Guinea had entered through unofficial points, not subject to COVID-19 precautions. In addition, due to the recent outbreak of Ebola in areas of Guinea bordering Côte d’Ivoire, sensitisation campaigns are taking place amongst refugee communities to raise awareness and prevent the spread.

In December 2020, the country began vaccinating its population with the Russian-made Sputnik V vaccine. Government officials were the first to receive the vaccine at a vaccination centre in Conakry. Dr Sakoba Keita, the Director-General of the National Health Security Agency said: “We have ordered 2 million doses (from Russia) to be able to vaccinate vulnerable people and we have also placed orders in the People’s Republic of China, all that in order to show the commitment of the government to go onto the offensive to use this latest strategy that served us well during the Ebola (outbreak).”

The GDP has been unable to establish the extent to which detention facilities are used in Guinea as part of immigration procedures or to get details about COVID-related precautions or restrictions officials may have adopted vis-à-vis foreigners in administrative procedures.

Articles 73 and 75 of Act No. L/94/019/CTRN on the conditions of entry and residence for foreign nationals in the Republic of Guinea provide criminal penalties for foreigners who remain in Guinea irregularly and those who overstay their visas. In its concluding observations in 2015, the Committee on Migrant Workers (CMW) noted the government’s statements that the act is not applied and that migrant workers in an irregular situation are not usually placed in detention. The Committee nonetheless recommended that Guinea: “(a) Indicate in its next periodic report the number of migrants, disaggregated by age, sex, nationality and/or origin, who are currently being detained for having violated the law on migration (...); (b) Amend Act No. L/94/109/CTRN to decriminalise irregular migration, since the Committee considers that, in accordance with general comment No. 2 (2013) on the rights of migrant workers in an irregular situation and members of their families, staying in a country in an unauthorised manner or without proper documentation or overstaying a residence permit should not constitute a criminal offence.”

As regards the COVID-19 situation and protective measures adopted in the country’s prisons, on 29 April 2020, Guinea’s National Health Security Agency told AFP that authorities had discovered a positive case of COVID-19 inside Conakry’s central prison, without specifying whether an inmate or a guard had been infected. By 28 August, there were reportedly 86 cases in the country’s prisons and three prisoners had died from the disease. Rights groups say the country’s prisons are often disease-ridden and overcrowded. For instance, according to Amnesty International, Conakry central prison has capacity for 500 inmates, but currently holds around 1,700.

Humanitarian and civil society organisations have been providing support to the country’s prisons. In June 2020, Prisonniers Sans Frontières provided 20 bags of rice and 48 liters of oil for detainees at Conakry central prison. In addition, on 20 June, Fraternié des Prisons de Guinée installed 27 hand-washing stations, 10 soap cartons and two bleach cartons to the Dubréka and Coyah prisons. On 31 May 2020, the Minister of Social Action, Promotion of Women and Children announced the release of children in detention. The minister also said that 42 children had already been released from the prisons of Conakry, Labé, and Kankan.


Last updated:

DETENTION, EXPULSION, AND INCARCERATION STATISTICS

Total number of immigration detainees by year
Not Available
2019
Total number of detained minors
Not Available
2017
Criminal prison population
196
2017
3,800
2010
2,539
2007
3,070
2002
4,014
1996
Percentage of foreign prisoners
7.1
2017
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
10
2017
35
2010
25
2007
34
2002
49
1996

DEMOGRAPHICS AND IMMIGRATION-RELATED STATISTICS

Population
13,100,000
2020
International migrants
120,642
2019
Refugees
4,964
2019
4,294
2018
5,161
2017
5,057
2016
8,839
2015
8,766
2014
Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
0.39
2016
Total number of new asylum applications
574
2019
120
2016
Stateless persons
0
2016

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Civil law
2017
Customary law
2017
Core pieces of national legislation
Act No. L/94/019/CTRN on the Conditions of Entry and Residence for Foreign Nationals in the Republic of Guinea (Loi No. L/9194/019/CTRN du 1994 Portant sur les Conditions d'Entrée et de Séjour des Etrangers en République de Guinée) (1994)
1994
Does the country provide specific criminal penalties for immigration-related violations?
Yes (Yes)
1994
Grounds for criminal immigration-related detention/incarceration and maximum potential duration of incarceration
Unauthorised stay (730)
1994
Unauthorized re-entry (1825)
1994
Unauthorized entry (1825)
1994
Has the country decriminalized immigration-related violations?
No
1994

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 14/19
Individual complaints procedure
Acceptance Year
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 1993
1993
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2008
2008
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
2/8
2017
Relevant recommendations issued by treaty bodies
Recommendation Year
Committee on Migrant Workers "§22 (a)indicate in its next periodic report the number of migrants, disaggregated by age, sex, nationality and/or origin, who are currently being detained for having violated the law on migration, specifying the location, the average length and conditions of detention and providing information on the number of expulsions and the procedures used; (b)amend act no. l/94/019/ctrn to decriminalize irregular migration, since the committee considers that, in accordance with general comment no. 2 (2013) on the rights of migrant workers in an irregular situation and members of their families, staying in a country in an unauthorized manner or without proper documentation or overstaying a residence permit should not constitute a criminal offence; (c)detain migrant workers for immigration offences only in exceptional circumstances and as a last resort, and ensure in all cases that they are held separately from ordinary prisoners, that women are detained separately from men, that conditions of detention are in conformity with international standards and that alternatives to detention are used for children and their families and for unaccompanied minors;" "§26. 26. the committee recommends that the state party: (a)facilitate access by guinean migrant workers residing abroad to consular and diplomatic assistance from the state party, particularly in cases of detention or expulsion;" 2015
2015
Regional legal instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights 1982
1982
ACRWC, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child 1999
1999
APRW, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol) 2012
2012
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2010
2017
No 2015
2017

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS