Andorra

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

45,102

International migrants

2019

77,000

Population

2019

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

12 August 2020

The tiny country of Andorra, located in the Pyrenees between France and Spain, has one of the highest percentages of international migrants in the world, which as of 2017 accounted for more than 50 percent of the country’s population of some 80,000. To date, the GDP has not identified any dedicated immigration removal facilities, and there appears to be little publicly available information about Andorra's Covid-19-related measures with respect to immigration detention. On 26 March 2020, the government announced temporary measures to extend visas for temporary workers who could not return to their country of origin due to border closures. Residence permits and healthcare benefits were also extended. As of mid-August 2020, the country had recorded nearly 1,000 cases of Covid-19.


Last updated:

ENFORCEMENT DATA

Total Detainees/ Stock & Flow (Year)
Not Available
2019
Total Number of Children Placed in Immigration Detention (Year)
Not Available
2017
Criminal Prison Population (Year)
41
2016
49
2013
Percentage of Foreign Prisoners (Year)
76.9
2015
80.6
2012
Prison Population Rate (per 100,000 of National Population)
53
2016
56
2013

POPULATION DATA

Population (Year)
77,000
2019
76,970
2017
70,000
2015
International Migrants (Year)
45,102
2019
41,000
2017
42,100
2015
International Migrants as Percentage of Population (Year)
53.3
2017
59.7
2015
Refugees (Year)
7
2015
Stateless Persons (Year)
0
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA & POLLS

Gross Domestic Product per Capita (in USD)
39,146.55
2017
42,806
2013
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
35 (Very high)
2017
34 (Very high)
2015
World Bank Rule of Law Index
90 (1.6)
2017

B. Attitudes and Perceptions

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

LEGAL & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

GROUNDS FOR MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

LENGTH OF MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

Maximum Length of Administrative Immigration Detention
Yes

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION INSTITUTIONS

PROCEDURAL STANDARDS & SAFEGUARDS

DETENTION MONITORS

TRANSPARENCY

READMISSION/RETURN/EXTRADITION AGREEMENTS

COVID-19

HEALTH CARE

COVID-19 DATA

INTERNATIONAL TREATIES

International Treaties Ratified
Ratification Year
Observation Date
OP CRC Communications Procedure
2013
2018
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
2006
2017
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
2006
2017
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
2006
2017
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child
1996
2017
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
2014
2017
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
1996
2017
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
2013
2013
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 8/19
Individual Complaints Procedures
Acceptance Year
Observation Date
ICERD, declaration under article 14 of the Convention 2006
2006
2017
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 2006
2006
2017
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999 2002
2002
2017
CAT, declaration under article 22 of the Convention 2006
2006
2017
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014
2014
2017
CRC, [Third] Optional Protocol to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child establishing a communications procedure, 2011 2014
2014
2017
Ratio of Complaints Procedures Accepted
Observation Date
6/6
2017

NON-TREATY-BASED INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Relevant Recommendations from the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2015
2017
No 2011
2017

REGIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Regional Legal Instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
Observation Date
CATHB, Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings 2011
2011
2017
CPCSE, Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse 2014
2014
2017
ECHRP7, Protocol 7 to the European Convention on Human Rights (amended by protocol 11) 2008
2008
2017
ECHRP12, Protocol 12 to the European Convention on Human Rights 2008
2008
2017
ECPT, European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment of Punishment 1997
1997
2017
ECHR, Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (commonly known as the European Convention on Human Rights 1996
1996
2017
ECHRP1, Protocol 1 to the European Convention on Human Rights (amended by protocol 11) 2008
2008
2017

GOVERNANCE SYSTEM

Legal Tradition(s)
Customary law
2017

DETENTION COSTS

OUTSOURCING

FOREIGN SOURCES OF FUNDING FOR DETENTION OPERATIONS