Andorra

Detains migrants or asylum seekers?

Unknown

Has laws regulating migration-related detention?

Yes

Refugees

7

2015

International Migrants

45,574

2020

Population

80,073

2023

International Migrants as % of Population

58.98%

2020

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

12 August 2020 – Andorra

The tiny country of Andorra, located in the Pyrenees between France and Spain, has one of the highest percentages of international migrants in the world, which as of 2017 accounted for more than 50 percent of the country’s population of some 80,000. To date, the GDP has not identified any dedicated immigration removal facilities, and […]

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DETENTION STATISTICS

Total Migration Detainees (Entries + Remaining from previous year)
Not Available
2019

DETAINEE DATA

Total Number of Children Placed in Immigration Detention (Year)
0
2017

DETENTION CAPACITY

ALTERNATIVES TO DETENTION

ADDITIONAL ENFORCEMENT DATA

PRISON DATA

Criminal Prison Population (Year)
41
2016
49
2013
Percentage of Foreign Prisoners (Year)
76.9
2015
80.6
2012
Prison Population Rate (per 100,000 of National Population)
53
2016
56
2013

POPULATION DATA

Population (Year)
80,073
2023
78,000
2020
77,000
2019
76,970
2017
70,000
2015
International Migrants (Year)
45,574
2020
45,102
2019
41,000
2017
42,100
2015
International Migrants as Percentage of Population (Year)
58.98
2020
53.3
2017
59.7
2015
Refugees (Year)
0
2022
0
2021
0
2020
7
2015
Asylum Applications (Year)
0
2022
0
2021
0
2020
Stateless Persons (Year)
0
2022
0
2021
0
2020
0
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA & POLLS

Gross Domestic Product per Capita (in USD)
39,146.55
2017
42,806
2013
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
35 (Very high)
2017
34 (Very high)
2015
World Bank Rule of Law Index
90 (1.6)
2017

LEGAL & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

Does the Country Detain People for Migration, Asylum, or Citizenship Reasons?
Unknown
2023
Unknown
2020
Does the Country Have Specific Laws that Provide for Migration-Related Detention?
Yes
2023
Yes
2014
Legal Tradition(s)
Customary law
2017

GROUNDS FOR DETENTION

LENGTH OF DETENTION

Maximum Length of Administrative Immigration Detention
No Limit

DETENTION INSTITUTIONS

PROCEDURAL STANDARDS & SAFEGUARDS

COSTS & OUTSOURCING

COVID-19 DATA

TRANSPARENCY

MONITORING

NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MONITORING BODIES

NATIONAL PREVENTIVE MECHANISMS (OPTIONAL PROTOCOL TO UN CONVENTION AGAINST TORTURE)

NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS (NGOs)

GOVERNMENTAL MONITORING BODIES

INTERNATIONAL DETENTION MONITORING

INTERNATIONAL TREATIES & TREATY BODIES

International Treaties Ratified
Ratification Year
Observation Date
OP CRC Communications Procedure
2013
2018
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
2014
2017
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
2006
2017
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
2006
2017
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
2006
2017
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
1996
2017
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child
1996
2017
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
2013
2013
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 8/19
Individual Complaints Procedures
Acceptance Year
ICERD, declaration under article 14 of the Convention 2006
2006
CRC, [Third] Optional Protocol to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child establishing a communications procedure, 2011 2014
2014
CRPD, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014
2014
CAT, declaration under article 22 of the Convention 2006
2006
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999 2002
2002
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 2006
2006
Ratio of Complaints Procedures Accepted
Observation Date
6/6
2017
Relevant Recommendations or Observations Issued by Treaty Bodies
Recommendation Year
Observation Date
Committee on the Rights of the Child § 44. "The Committee recommends that the State party enact legislation on asylum seekers and refugees in conformity with the international standards, including by taking into account its general comment No. 6 (2005). The Committee recommends that the State party accede to the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness... 51. Noting that a very few number of children are incarcerated in detention centres, the Committee recommends that the State party ensure that children are accompanied and cared by professionals, and that they are always held entirely separate from the adult detainees, including when they are permitted to use common areas of the detention facility... 52. The Committee recommends that the State party, in order to further strengthen the fulfilment of children's rights, ratify the following treaties: The Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of the Child on Communication Procedures, the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights and its Optional Protocol, the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families, the Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment, International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance, and the International Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities and its Optional Protocol." 2012
2012
Committee on the Elimination of Discrimination Against Women § 42. In line with its general recommendation No . 32 (2014) on the gender-related dimensions of refugee status, asylum, nationality and statelessness of women, the Committee recommends that the State party accede to the following treaties: the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and the 1967 Protocol thereto, the 1954 Convention relating to the Status of Stateless Persons and the 1961 Convention on the Reduction of Statelessness. The Committee also recommends that the State party adopt national asylum legislation. 2019
2019
Committee on the Elimination of Racial Discrimination § 30. The State party: (a) Adopt a law on asylum that is in line with international standards and put in place procedures for granting refugee status to persons who could qualify for that status; (b) Provide information indicating to what extent the principle of non-refoulement is respected and whether appropriate information, interpretation services, free legal aid, humanitarian assistance and judicial remedies are available to asylum seekers; (c) Ratify the 1951 Convention and the 1967 Protocol relating to the Status of Refugees. 2019
2019

> UN Special Procedures

> UN Universal Periodic Review

Relevant Recommendations or Observations from the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2015
2017
No 2011
2017
Yes 2020

> Global Compact for Migration (GCM)

GCM Resolution Endorsement
Observation Date
2018

> Global Compact on Refugees (GCR)

GCR Resolution Endorsement
Observation Date
2018
2018

REGIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Regional Legal Instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
Observation Date
CPCSE, Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse 2014
2014
2017
CATHB, Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings 2011
2011
2017
ECPT, European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment of Punishment 1997
1997
2017
ECHRP12, Protocol 12 to the European Convention on Human Rights 2008
2008
2017
ECHRP7, Protocol 7 to the European Convention on Human Rights (amended by protocol 11) 2008
2008
2017
ECHR, Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (commonly known as the European Convention on Human Rights 1996
1996
2017
ECHRP1, Protocol 1 to the European Convention on Human Rights (amended by protocol 11) 2008
2008
2017

HEALTH CARE PROVISION

HEALTH IMPACTS

COVID-19

Country Updates
The tiny country of Andorra, located in the Pyrenees between France and Spain, has one of the highest percentages of international migrants in the world, which as of 2017 accounted for more than 50 percent of the country’s population of some 80,000. To date, the GDP has not identified any dedicated immigration removal facilities, and there appears to be little publicly available information about Andorra's Covid-19-related measures with respect to immigration detention. On 26 March 2020, the government announced temporary measures to extend visas for temporary workers who could not return to their country of origin due to border closures. Residence permits and healthcare benefits were also extended. As of mid-August 2020, the country had recorded nearly 1,000 cases of Covid-19.
Did the country release immigration detainees as a result of the pandemic?
Unknown
2022
Did the country use legal "alternatives to detention" as part of pandemic detention releases?
Unknown
2022
Did the country Temporarily Cease or Restrict Issuing Detention Orders?
Unknown
2022
Did the Country Adopt These Pandemic-Related Measures for People in Immigration Detention?
Unknown (Unknown) Unknown Unknown Unknown
2022
Did the Country Lock-Down Previously "Open" Reception Facilities, Shelters, Refugee Camps, or Other Forms of Accommodation for Migrant Workers or Other Non-Citizens?
Unknown
2022
Were cases of COVID-19 reported in immigration detention facilities or any other places used for immigration detention purposes?
Unknown
2022
Did the Country Cease or Restrict Deportations/Removals During any Period After the Onset of the Pandemic?
Unknown
2022
Did the Country Release People from Criminal Prisons During the Pandemic?
Yes
2021
Did Officials Blame Migrants, Asylum Seekers, or Refugees for the Spread of COVID-19?
Unknown
2022
Did the Country Restrict Access to Asylum Procedures?
Not Applicable
2020
Did the Country Commence a National Vaccination Campaign?
Yes
2021
Were Populations of Concern Included/Excluded From the National Vaccination Campaign?
Unknown (Unknown) Unknown Unknown Unknown
2022