Solomon Islands

Refugees

3

2015

Asylum Applications

5

2018

International Migrants

2,520

2020

Population

700,000

2023

International Migrants as % of Population

0.37%

2020

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

28 May 2021 – Solomon Islands

The Solomon Islands, made up of six major islands and located east of Papua New Guinea, has a population of approximately 670,000 people. A state of emergency was announced on 27 March 2020 and all flights into the country were suspended. As of 28 May 2021, the country had recorded 20 COVID-19 cases and no […]

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Solomon Islands Red Cross Society Handing Over Items Donated by ICRC to the Correctional Services of Solomon Islands on 13 May 2020, (Solomon Islands Red Cross Society, Facebook Post, 13 May 2020, https://www.facebook.com/solomonislandsredcrosssociety/posts/862995254179285)
Last updated:

DETENTION STATISTICS

Total Migration Detainees (Entries + Remaining from previous year)
Not Available
2019

DETAINEE DATA

Total Number of Children Placed in Immigration Detention (Year)
0
2017

DETENTION CAPACITY

ALTERNATIVES TO DETENTION

ADDITIONAL ENFORCEMENT DATA

PRISON DATA

Criminal Prison Population (Year)
435
2016
326
2013
Percentage of Foreign Prisoners (Year)
1.6
2016
0
2013
Prison Population Rate (per 100,000 of National Population)
73
2016
56
2013

POPULATION DATA

Population (Year)
700,000
2023
700,000
2020
584,000
2015
International Migrants (Year)
2,520
2020
2,500
2019
2,600
2015
International Migrants as Percentage of Population (Year)
0.37
2020
0.4
2019
0.4
2015
Refugees (Year)
0
2022
0
2021
0
2020
0
2019
0
2018
3
2015
Ratio of Refugees Per 1000 Inhabitants (Year)
0.01
2014
Asylum Applications (Year)
0
2022
5
2018
3
2014
Refugee Recognition Rate (Year)
100
2014
Stateless Persons (Year)
0
2022
0
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA & POLLS

Gross Domestic Product per Capita (in USD)
2,024
2014
Remittances to the Country (in USD)
17
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net Official Development Assistance (ODA) (in Millions USD)
198.5
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
156 (Low)
2015

LEGAL & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

Legal Tradition(s)
Customary law
2017
Common law
2017

GROUNDS FOR DETENTION

LENGTH OF DETENTION

DETENTION INSTITUTIONS

PROCEDURAL STANDARDS & SAFEGUARDS

COSTS & OUTSOURCING

COVID-19 DATA

TRANSPARENCY

MONITORING

NATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MONITORING BODIES

NATIONAL PREVENTIVE MECHANISMS (OPTIONAL PROTOCOL TO UN CONVENTION AGAINST TORTURE)

NON-GOVERNMENTAL ORGANISATIONS (NGOs)

GOVERNMENTAL MONITORING BODIES

INTERNATIONAL DETENTION MONITORING

INTERNATIONAL TREATIES & TREATY BODIES

International Treaties Ratified
Ratification Year
Observation Date
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child
1995
2017
CRSR, Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
1995
2017
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
2002
2017
ICESCR, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
1982
2017
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
1982
2017
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 5/19
Treaty Reservations
Reservation Year
Observation Date
ICESCR Article 13 1982
1982
2017
Individual Complaints Procedures
Acceptance Year
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999 2002
2002
ICERD, declaration under article 14 of the Convention 1982
1982
Ratio of Complaints Procedures Accepted
Observation Date
2/4
2017

> UN Special Procedures

> UN Universal Periodic Review

Relevant Recommendations or Observations from the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2016
2017
No 2011
2017

> Global Compact for Migration (GCM)

> Global Compact on Refugees (GCR)

REGIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

HEALTH CARE PROVISION

HEALTH IMPACTS

COVID-19

Country Updates
The Solomon Islands, made up of six major islands and located east of Papua New Guinea, has a population of approximately 670,000 people. A state of emergency was announced on 27 March 2020 and all flights into the country were suspended. As of 28 May 2021, the country had recorded 20 COVID-19 cases and no related deaths. The Global Detention Project has been unable to establish the extent to which migration-related detention measures are used in Saint Kitts and Nevis as part of immigration enforcement procedures. There is also no publicly available information concerning COVID-19 related measures taken to safeguard people in immigration or police custody, or people in international protection situations. The country has ratified only some of the core human rights treaties, including the Convention on the Rights of the Child and the International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination. In consequence, the Solomon Islands received numerous recommendations concerning human rights treaties during its review for the second cycle of the UN Universal Periodic Review (UPR) in 2016, including: “ratify the core human rights instruments, including the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families (Sierra Leone) (para. 100.23)” and “ratify the Convention against Torture, and Other Cruel, Inhuman and Degrading Treatment or Punishment (Portugal) (Montenegro) (para. 100.18).” In a submission to the UPR in 2015, UNHCR highlighted that despite being a party to the 1951 Convention relating to the Status of Refugees and having drafted legislation to implement its international refugee obligations domestically through the draft Refugee Status Determinations Bill 2010, the legislation had not yet been introduced before the National Parliament of Solomon Islands. UNHCR also noted that they were aware of a small number of refugees (less than five) present in the Solomon Islands, and that due to the small number of cases and more pressing domestic issues, “asylum-seekers, refugees, stateless persons and internally displaced persons are not prominent concerns” in the country. As regards the country’s prison system, on 1 September 2020, the Correctional Services Emergency Coordination group visited Gizo prison and found that preventive measures had been put in place including: temperature checks, regular hand washing, as well as sanitising and cleaning of premises. Similar visits were conducted in Lata and Kirakira prisons. On 13 May 2020, the International Committee of the Red Cross donated 116 soap cartons, 85 liters of detergent, 45 liters of chlorine, 20 liters of sanitary products and 27 bottles of hydroalcoholic gel to the country’s prison authority to assist in the country’s COVID response.