No detention centre mapping data


Somalia Immigration Detention

Somalia is the third largest source country of refugees worldwide, with the number of Somali refugees reaching one million in 2012. Although immigration detention is reported to be relatively common in the autonomous territories of Puntland and Somaliland, it does not appear to be a significant issue in Somalia proper.

Quick Facts


International migrants (2013): 24,600
New asylum applications (2016): 3,153

Profile Updated: August 2016

Somalia Immigration Detention Profile

Somalia is the third largest source country of refugees worldwide. The number of Somali refugees reached one million in 2012. As Somalia is not a destination or transit country for migrants from neighbouring countries, immigration-related detention does not appear to be a significant issue and there is very little information available about this issue.[1]

In 2013, the U.S. State Department described conditions in Somalia’s prisons and detention centres as harsh and life-threatening. Problems include poor sanitation, lack of medical care, inadequate food, and widespread tuberculosis, cholera, and pneumonia.[2]

 

[1] Regional Mixed Migration Secretariat, Behind Bars: The Detention of Migrants in and from the East and Horn of Africa, 2015, http://www.regionalmms.org/.

[2] U.S. Department of State, Somalia 2014 Human Rights Report, 2014, http://www.state.gov/documents/organization/236616.pdf.

Centres List

No detention centres data available

Statistics Expand all



3,450

Criminal prison population

2012

  • Criminal prison population
NumberObservation Date
3,4502012



10,787,000

Population

2015

  • Population
NumberObservation Date
10,787,0002015


24,600

International migrants

2013

  • International migrants
NumberObservation Date
24,6002013


0.2

International migrants as a percentage of the population

2013

  • International migrants as a percentage of the population
PercentageObservation Date
0.22013


11,559

Refugees

2016

  • Refugees
NumberObservation Date
11,5592016
8,0812015
2,7292014


0.23

Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants

2013

  • Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
NumberObservation Date
0.232013


3,153

Total number of new asylum applications

2016

  • Total number of new asylum applications
NumberObservation Date
3,1532016
2,8862013


39.9

Refugee recognition rate

2013

  • Refugee recognition rate
NumberObservation Date
39.92013


0

Stateless persons

2016

  • Stateless persons
NumberObservation Date
02016
02014

International Law Expand all

Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
  9/19
International treaty reservations Show sources
NameReservation YearObservation Date
CRC Article 1420152015
Individual complaints procedure Show sources
NameAcceptance Year
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 19661990
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted Show sources
NumberObservation Date
1/72017

Regional legal instruments Show sources
NameYear of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights1985

Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review Show sources
Recomendation IssuedYear IssuedObservation Date
No20112017
No20162017

Additional Resources


Back To Top