Gabon

Not Available

Immigration detainees

2019

Not Available

Detained children

2017

27

New asylum applications

2019

454

Refugees

2019

411,463

International migrants

2019

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

14 December 2020

People Waiting for a Drinkable Water Delivery in Libreville, Gabon, (France 24, A. Saint-Léger & C. Caracena,
People Waiting for a Drinkable Water Delivery in Libreville, Gabon, (France 24, A. Saint-Léger & C. Caracena, "Covid-19: Au Gabon, Le Casse-Tête de l'Accès à l'Eau à Libreville," 30 April 2020, https://www.france24.com/fr/afrique/20200430-covid-19-au-gabon-le-casse-t%C3%AAte-de-l-acc%C3%A8s-%C3%A0-l-eau-%C3%A0-libreville)

Gabon registered its first COVID-19 cases in March and Parliament declared a state of emergency in early April. On 10 April, the government announced that the capital, Libreville, as well as neighbouring municipalities, would impose lockdown measures. On 3 May, UNICEF reported while Libreville remained the main hotspot. As of 14 December, Gabon had recorded 9,330 COVID-19 cases and 63 deaths.

According to UNHCR, as of 30 November 2020, there were 479 refugees and 84 asylum seekers in the country. In addition, UNHCR stated that only three countries in West and Central Africa (Gabon, Nigeria and Niger) suspended access to asylum registration and most states in the region also closed their borders.

During Gabon’s review at the 2017 UN Universal Periodic Review, Congo, Egypt, and Sierra Leone recommended that Gabon “ratify the International Convention on the Protection of the Rights of All Migrant Workers and Members of Their Families.” Burundi recommended that Gabon “make efforts to accelerate the process of ratification of the Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social, and Cultural Rights.”

As regards the country’s prisons, on 10 April, the president granted official pardons to 680 prisoners in order to alleviate overcrowding and reduce the risk of COVID-19 transmission. The GDP has been unable to establish the extent to which detention facilities are used in Gabon as part of immigration enforcement procedure or to obtain details on COVID-19 related measures taken to safeguard people in immigration custody.


Last updated:

ENFORCEMENT DATA

Total Detainees/ Stock & Flow (Year)
Not Available
2019
Total Number of Children Placed in Immigration Detention (Year)
Not Available
2017
Criminal Prison Population (Year)
3,373
2015
2,750
2006
Prison Population Rate (per 100,000 of National Population)
191
2015
196
2006

POPULATION DATA

Population (Year)
2,200,000
2020
1,725,000
2015
International Migrants (Year)
411,463
2019
268,400
2015
International Migrants as Percentage of Population (Year)
15.6
2015
Refugees (Year)
454
2019
687
2018
841
2017
906
2016
943
2015
1,013
2014
Ratio of Refugees Per 1000 Inhabitants (Year)
0.53
2016
0.6
2014
New Asylum Applications (Year)
27
2019
62
2016
176
2014
Refugee Recognition Rate (Year)
94.5
2014
Stateless Persons (Year)
0
2016
0
2015

SOCIO-ECONOMIC DATA & POLLS

Gross Domestic Product per Capita (in USD)
10,772
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net Official Development Assistance (ODA) (in Millions USD)
111.4
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
110 (Medium)
2015

B. Attitudes and Perceptions

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

LEGAL & REGULATORY FRAMEWORK

GROUNDS FOR MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

LENGTH OF MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION

MIGRATION-RELATED DETENTION INSTITUTIONS

PROCEDURAL STANDARDS & SAFEGUARDS

DETENTION MONITORS

TRANSPARENCY

READMISSION/RETURN/EXTRADITION AGREEMENTS

COVID-19

HEALTH CARE

COVID-19 DATA

INTERNATIONAL TREATIES

International Treaties Ratified
Ratification Year
Observation Date
OPCRPD, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
2014
2018
OP ICESCR, Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
2014
2018
OP CRC Communications Procedure
2012
2018
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations
1965
2017
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination
1980
2017
ICESCR, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights
1983
2017
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights
1983
2017
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women
1983
2017
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
2000
2017
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child
1994
2017
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities
2007
2017
ICPED, International Convention for the Protection of All Persons from Enforced Disappearance
2011
2017
CRSR, Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees
1964
2017
CTOCTP, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children
2010
2017
OPCAT, Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment
2010
2010
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
Ratio: 15/19
Individual Complaints Procedures
Acceptance Year
Observation Date
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2014
2014
2017
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999 2004
2004
2017
ICESCR, Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 2008 2014
2014
2017
Ratio of Complaints Procedures Accepted
Observation Date
3/8
2017

NON-TREATY-BASED INTERNATIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Relevant Recommendations from the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
Yes 2017
2017
No 2008
2017
No 2012
2017

REGIONAL HUMAN RIGHTS MECHANISMS

Regional Legal Instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
Observation Date
ACHPR, African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights 1986
1986
2017
ACRWC, African Charter on the Rights and Welfare of the Child 2007
2007
2017
APRW, Protocol to the African Charter on Human and Peoples Rights on the Rights of Women in Africa (Maputo Protocol) 2011
2011
2017

GOVERNANCE SYSTEM

Legal Tradition(s)
Civil law
2017
Customary law
2017

DETENTION COSTS

OUTSOURCING

FOREIGN SOURCES OF FUNDING FOR DETENTION OPERATIONS