Montenegro

No Data

Immigration detainees

Not Available

Detained children

2017

729

Refugees

2018

600,000

Population

2020

Overview

Types of facilities used for migration-related detention
Administrative Ad Hoc Criminal Unknown

Related Reading

27 July 2020

Prison Staff Receive Protective and Hygiene Equipment from part of EU and CoE, (Council of Europe,
Prison Staff Receive Protective and Hygiene Equipment from part of EU and CoE, (Council of Europe, "Montenegrin prison system receives protective equipment to address COVID-19 crisis," 24 April 2020, https://www.coe.int/en/web/podgorica/-/montenegrin-prison-system-receives-protective-equipment-to-address-covid-19-crisis)

According to an international organisation official, verified by the GDP, Montenegro has not established a moratorium on new immigration detention orders and there have been no releases of immigration detainees. While immigration detainees are reportedly tested for Covid-19, deportations have not been halted.

The official also reported that access to the country and to the asylum procedure were suspended from March to June 2020. Asylum seekers in the Centre for Reception of Foreigners Seeking International Protection, located in Spuz, have been placed in quarantine. Although the situation returned to normal by 8 June, admission to the Reception centre was only allowed following 14 days in quarantine and a negative Covid-19 test. The official also informed the GDP that another asylum facility will soon be opened close to the border with Albania, and will have a capacity of 60 beds.

Regarding the country’s prisons, on 24 April, the European Union and the Council of Europe donated 2,000 masks, 50 liters of disinfectants, and 10 dispensers to Montenegro’s prison administration. By 9 July, two staff members at the Spusk prison had tested positive for the disease; nine inmates and 21 staff members were placed in isolation. No Covid-19 cases have been detected thus far amongst the prison population.


Last updated:

IMMIGRATION AND DETENTION-RELATED STATISTICS

Total number of detained minors
Not Available
2017
Criminal prison population
1,131
2015
1,068
2013
Percentage of foreign prisoners
15.1
2015
11.4
2011
Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
182
2015
Population
600,000
2020
626,000
2015
International migrants
82,500
2015
International migrants as a percentage of the population
13.2
2015
Refugees
729
2018
799
2017
970
2016
1,771
2015
6,462
2014
Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
1.56
2016
10.3
2014
Total number of new asylum applications
291
2016
2,312
2014
Refugee recognition rate
6.7
2014
Stateless persons
145
2017
3,237
2016
3,284
2015
Total number of immigration detainees by year
Number of immigration detainees on a given day
Top nationalities of detainees
Number of persons granted alternatives to immigration detention
Number of detained asylum seekers
Number of detained unaccompanied minors
Number of detained accompanied minors
Number of detained stateless persons
Number of apprehensions of non-citizens
Immigration detainees as a percentage of total international migrant population
Estimated total immigration detention capacity
Number of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres
Estimated capacity of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres
Number of dedicated medium-term immigration detention centres
Number of immigration offices
Number of transit facilities
Number of criminal facilities
Number of ad hoc facilities
Number of persons removed/returned (voluntary returns and deportations)
Number of deportations/forced returns only
Percentage of persons removed in relation to total number of people placed in removal procedures
Estimated number of undocumented migrants

SOCIO-ECONOMIC INDICATORS

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)
7,378
2014
Remittances to the country
441
2014
Unemployment Rate
2014
Net official development assistance (ODA) (in millions USD)
101.9
2014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)
49 (Very high)
2015
Remittances from the country
Unemployment rate amongst migrants
Detention for deterrence
Pew Global Attitudes Poll on Immigration
Immigration Index Score
World Bank Rule of Law Index
Domestic Opinion Polls on Immigration

DOMESTIC LAWS AND POLICIES

Legal tradition
Civil law
2017
Core pieces of national legislation
Decree Promulgating the Law on International and Temporary Protection of Foreigners of 29 December 2016. (2016)
2016
Constitutional guarantees?
Additional legislation
Regulations, standards, guidelines
Immigration-status-related grounds
Non-immigration-status-related grounds providing for administrative detention in immigration legislation.
Does the country provide specific criminal penalties for immigration-related violations?
Grounds for criminal immigration-related detention/incarceration and maximum potential duration of incarceration
Has the country decriminalized immigration-related violations?
Maximum length for administrative immigration detention in law.
Longest recorded instance of immigration detention.
Maximum length of time in custody prior to issuance of a detention order
Average length of detention
Maximum length of detention for asylum-seekers
Maximum length of detention for persons detained upon arrival at ports of entry
Provision of basic procedural standards
Types of non-custodial measures
Impact of alternatives
Is the detention of vulnerable persons provided in law? Are they detained in practice?
Mandatory detention
Expedited/fast track removal
Re-entry ban

INTERNATIONAL LAW

Individual complaints procedure
Acceptance Year
ICERD, declaration under article 14 of the Convention 2006
2006
ICESCR, Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights, 2008 2013
2013
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1966 2006
2006
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 1999 2006
2006
CAT, declaration under article 22 of the Convention 2006
2006
CRC, [Third] Optional Protocol to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child establishing a communications procedure, 2011 2013
2013
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2009
2009
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted
Observation Date
7/8
2017
Regional legal instruments
Year of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
CPCSE, Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse 2010
2010
ECPT, European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment of Punishment 2006
2006
CATHB, Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings 2008
2008
ECHRP1, Protocol 1 to the European Convention on Human Rights (amended by protocol 11) 2004
2004
ECHRP7, Protocol 7 to the European Convention on Human Rights (amended by protocol 11) 2004
2004
ECHRP12, Protocol 12 to the European Convention on Human Rights 2004
2004
ECHR, Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (commonly known as the European Convention on Human Rights 2004
2004
Bilateral/multilateral agreements linked to readmission
Year in Force
Observation Date
Germany 2003
2003
2017
Germany 2013
2013
2017
Austria 2004
2004
2017
Belgium 2004
2004
2017
Belgium 2012
2012
2017
Denmark 2003
2003
2017
France 2006
2006
2017
Luxembourg 2004
2004
2017
Luxembourg 2012
2012
2017
Malta 2010
2010
2017
Netherlands 2004
2004
2017
Netherlands 2012
2012
2017
Czech Republic 2012
2012
2017
Slovenia 2009
2009
2017
Sweden 2003
2003
2017
Norway 2009
2009
2017
Switzerland 2011
2011
2017
Albania 2011
2011
2017
Kosovo 2011
2011
2017
Turkey 2013
2013
2017
EU 2008
2008
2017
Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review
Observation Date
No 2009
2017
No 2013
2017
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
International treaty reservations
Treaty bodies decisions on individual complaints
Relevant recommendations issued by treaty bodies
Regional treaty reservations
Regional judicial decisions on individual complaints
Recommendations issued by regional human rights mechanisms
Visits by special procedures of the Human Rights Council
Relevant recommendations by UN Special Procedures

INSTITUTIONAL INDICATORS

Federal or centralized governing system
Centralized or decentralized immigration authority
Custodial authority
Apprehending authorities
Detention Facility Management
Formally designated detention estate?
Types of detention facilities used in practice
Authorized monitoring institutions
Is the national human rights institution (NHRI) recognized as independent?
Does NHRI carry out visits?
Does NHRI have capacity to receive complaints?
Does NHRI publicly release reports on immigration detention?
Does national preventive mechanism (NPM) carry out visits?
Does NPM have capacity to receive complaints?
Does NPM publicly release reports on immigration detention?
Do NGOs carry out visits?
NGO capacity to receive complaints?
Do NGOs publish reports on immigration detention?
Do parliamentary organs carry out visits?
Do parliamentary organs have capacity to receive complaints?
Do parliamentary organs publicly report on their detention findings?
Do internal inspection agencies (IIAs) carry out visits?
Do IIAs have capacity to receive complaints?
Do IIAs publicly report their findings from detention inspections?
Do international and/or regional bodies (IRBs) visit immigration-related detention facilities?
Do IRBs publicly report their findings from inspections?
Types of privatisation/outsourcing
Detention contractors and other non-state entities
Estimated annual budget for detention operations
Estimated annual budgets for particular detention-related activities
Estimated cost per detainees day (in USD)
Estimated annual budget for non-custodial measures (in USD)
Estimated costs of non-custodial measures (in USD)
Does the country receive external sources of funding?
Description of foreign assistance