No detention centre mapping data


Cyprus Immigration Detention

For many years, Cyprus used prisons and police stations to detain migrants and asylum seekers. After years of criticism from NGOs and regional rights bodies like the Council of Europe, Cyprus opened its first specialised immigration detention facility in 2013. However, reports indicate the country continues to make use of police cells. There have also been repeated criticisms of the treatment of detainees at the specialised facility. 

Quick Facts


Persons expelled (2014): 2,990
International migrants (2015): 192,200
New asylum applications (2016): 1,744

Centres List

No detention centres data available

Statistics Expand all



4,980

Number of apprehensions of non-citizens

2014

  • Number of apprehensions of non-citizens
NumberObservation Date
4,9802014
7,0152013
7,8402012


1

Number of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres

2015

  • Number of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres
NumberObservation Date
12015


256

Estimated capacity of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres

2015

  • Estimated capacity of dedicated long-term immigration detention centres
NumberObservation Date
2562015


2,990

Number of persons removed/returned (voluntary returns and deportations)

2014

  • Number of persons removed/returned (voluntary returns and deportations)
NumberObservation Date
2,9902014
4,0252013
4,3702012
4,6052011


84.8

Percentage of persons removed in relation to total number of people placed in removal procedures

2014

  • Percentage of persons removed in relation to total number of people placed in removal procedures
PercentageObservation Date
84.82014


654

Criminal prison population

2015

  • Criminal prison population
NumberObservation Date
6542015
9302012


38.2

Percentage of foreign prisoners

2015

  • Percentage of foreign prisoners
PercentageObservation Date
38.22015
52.92012


77

Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)

2015

  • Prison population rate (per 100,000 of national population)
NumberObservation Date
772015
1082012



1,165,000

Population

2015

  • Population
NumberObservation Date
1,165,0002015
1,100,0002012


192,200

International migrants

2015

  • International migrants
NumberObservation Date
192,2002015
207,3002013


16.8

International migrants as a percentage of the population

2015

  • International migrants as a percentage of the population
PercentageObservation Date
16.82015
18.22013


8,433

Refugees

2016

  • Refugees
NumberObservation Date
8,4332016
7,0672015
3,8832014


4.4

Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants

2014

  • Ratio of refugees per 1000 inhabitants
NumberObservation Date
4.42014
3.292012


1,744

Total number of new asylum applications

2016

  • Total number of new asylum applications
NumberObservation Date
1,7442016
1,6432014
2,8922012


4.1

Refugee recognition rate

2014

  • Refugee recognition rate
NumberObservation Date
4.12014


0

Stateless persons

2016

  • Stateless persons
NumberObservation Date
02016
02015

Domestic Law Expand all

Legal tradition Show sources
NameObservation Date
Common law2017

Constitutional guarantees? Show sources
NameConstitution and ArticlesYear AdoptedLast Year Amended
YesThe Constitution of the Republic of Cyprus. Articles 146 and 155.4.19602016
Core pieces of national legislation Show sources
NameYear AdoptedLast Year Amended
Alien and Immigration law19722017
Refugee Law 2000 (6(I)/2000)20002016

Immigration-status-related grounds Show sources
NameObservation Date
Detention to establish/verify identity and nationality2017
Detention during the asylum process2017
Detention to prevent absconding2017
Detention to effect removal2017
Detention for unauthorised entry or stay2017
Detention for unauthorized stay resulting from criminal conviction2017
Non-immigration-status-related grounds providing for administrative detention in immigration legislation. Show sources
NameObservation Date
Detention on public order, threats or security grounds2017

Does the country provide specific criminal penalties for immigration-related violations? Show sources
FinesIncarcerationObservation Date
YesYes2014
Grounds for criminal immigration-related detention/incarceration and maximum potential duration of incarceration Show sources
Grounds for IncarcerationMaximum Number of Days of IncarcerationObservation Date
Unauthorized entry18252014
Unauthorised stay18252014

Maximum length for administrative immigration detention in law. Show sources
Number of DaysObservation Date
5402017
Maximum length of detention for asylum-seekers Show sources
Number of DaysObservation Date
5402017

Provision of basic procedural standards Show sources
NameIn LawIn PracticeObservation Date
Right to appeal the lawfulness of detentionYes2017
Compensation for unlawful detentionYes2017
Right to legal counselYes2017
Right to legal counselNo2013

Types of non-custodial measures Show sources
NameIn LawIn PracticeObservation Date
Supervised release and/or reportingYes2017
Designated regional residenceYes2017
Designated non-secure housingYes2017
Release on bailYes2017
Release on bailNoNo2014
Supervised release and/or reportingNoNo2014
Electronic monitoringNoNo2014
Registration (deposit of documents)NoNo2014
Designated non-secure housingNoNo2014

Is the detention of vulnerable persons provided in law? Are they detained in practice? Show sources
NameIn LawIn PracticeObservation Date
Unaccompanied minorsProvided2017

International Law Expand all

International treaties Show sources
NameRatification Year
OP CRC Communications Procedure2017
CRPD, Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities 2011
OPCAT, Optional Protocol to the Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment2009
CTOCTP, Protocol to Prevent, Suppress and Punish Trafficking in Persons, Especially Women and Children2003
CTOCSP, Protocol against the Smuggling of Migrants by Land, Sea and Air, supplementing the United Nations Convention against Transnational Organized Crime2003
ICCPR, International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights1992
CAT, Convention against Torture and Other Cruel, Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment1991
CRC, Convention on the Rights of the Child1991
CEDAW, Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women1985
VCCR, Vienna Convention on Consular Relations1976
ICESCR, International Covenant on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights1969
PCRSR, Protocol to the Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees1968
ICERD, International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination1967
CRSR, Geneva Convention Relating to the Status of Refugees1963
Ratio of relevant international treaties ratified
  14/19
Individual complaints procedure Show sources
NameAcceptance Year
CRPD, Optional Protocol to o the Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities2011
CEDAW, Optional Protocol to the Convention on the Elimination of Discrimination against Women, 19992002
CAT, declaration under article 22 of the Convention1993
ICERD, declaration under article 14 of the Convention1993
ICCPR, First Optional Protocol to the International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 19661992
Ratio of complaints procedures accepted Show sources
NumberObservation Date
5/7
5/7
Relevant recommendations issued by treaty bodies Show sources
NameRecommendation ExcerptRecommendation Year
Committee on Economic, Social and Cultural Rights16. The Committee recommends that the State party continue its efforts to: (a) Expand the reception capacity of the existing reception centre in Kofinou and consider creating additional capacity elsewhere, and ensure that the emergency facility is used only for its initial purpose; (b) Improve the services provided to asylum seekers at the reception centre, including health-care services, social and psychological counselling and language and vocational training, and make transportation to asylum seekers’ workplaces available; [...] (f) Review its asylum detention policy with a view to limiting the detention of asylum seekers only to situations in which it is absolutely necessary and shortening the time that rejected asylum seekers spend in detention to an indispensable minimum, and apply, as a rule, measures and alternatives to detention.2016
Committee against Torture

§14 [..]  amend the Refugee Law and the Law on Provision of Legal Aid in order to guarantee access to independent, qualified and free-of-charge legal assistance for asylum seekers during the entire asylum procedure, at first instance level and during the judicial review, as well as for undocumented immigrants, including unaccompanied minors, in addition to the appointment of a guardian, in order to challenge the lawfulness and duration of their deportation and detention orders.

§16 [...]  ensure that persons in need of international protection, including those fleeing indiscriminate violence, are not detained or, if at all, only as a measure of last resort, after alternatives to detention have been duly examined and exhausted and for as short a period as possible. The State party should also refrain from applying the Aliens and Immigration Law to asylum seekers.

§17 [...] (a) Repeal the legal provisions that criminalize irregular entry and/or stay, and list in the legislation alternative measures to administrative detention, such as reporting requirements or sureties; (b) Establish and apply guidelines to examine the necessity and proportionality of the detention and prohibit detention when there are no prospects for the immigrant of being removed within a reasonable time; (c) Apply detention only as a last resort, after alternative measures to
administrative detention have been duly examined and exhausted, when necessary and proportionate and for as short a period as possible, which should never exceed the absolute time limit for the administrative detention of undocumented immigrants, including in cases of repeated detention; (d) Ensure that the release letter provides for a temporary residence permit for immigrants pending the regularization of their status, so that they do not enter the detention cycle; (e) Ensure prompt and regular review by a court of the detention of undocumented migrants.

§18[..] The Committee urges the State party to ensure that the legal regime at Menoyia detention centre is suitable for its purpose and that it differs from the regime of penal detention. The complaints committee should vigilantly pursue each complaint and immediately transmit allegations of ill-treatment to the Office of the Attorney-General for further investigation. Solitary confinement should remain a measure of last resort, imposed for as short a time as possible, under strict supervision and judicial review.

§19 [...] The State party should ensure that unaccompanied children and families with children are not detained except as a measure of last resort and, in the latter case, after alternatives to detention have been duly examined and exhausted and in the best interest of the child, and for as short a period as possible. The right of children not to be forcibly separated from their parents should be respected, no matter what the age of the child. The State party in such instances should refrain from detaining unaccompanied children and families with children if there are no suitable places to host them.

 

 

 

2014

Regional legal instruments Show sources
NameYear of Ratification (Treaty) / Transposed (Directive) / Adoption (Regulation)
ECPT, European Convention for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment of Punishment1989
CATHB, Convention on Action against Trafficking in Human Beings2007
CPCSE, Convention on the Protection of Children against Sexual Exploitation and Sexual Abuse2015
ECHRP1, Protocol 1 to the European Convention on Human Rights (amended by protocol 11)1962
ECHRP7, Protocol 7 to the European Convention on Human Rights (amended by protocol 11)2000
ECHRP12, Protocol 12 to the European Convention on Human Rights2002
ECHR, Convention for the Protection of Human Rights and Fundamental Freedoms (commonly known as the European Convention on Human Rights1962
Return Directive2011
Regional judicial decisions on individual complaints
NameDecision DetailsObservation Date
European Court of Human Rights (ECtHR)M.A vs Cyprus, application No. 14872/102013

Bilateral/multilateral agreements linked to readmission Show sources
NameYear in ForceObservation Date
Italy20032017
Italy20062017
Sweden20062017
Russian Federation20112017
Lebanon20032017

Relevant recommendations of the UN Universal Periodic Review Show sources
Recomendation IssuedYear IssuedObservation Date
Yes20102017
Yes20142017

Institutions Expand all

Custodial authority Show sources
AgencyMinistryMinistry TypologyObservation Date
PolicePoliceJustice2011
PoliceJustice2011
Detention Facility Management Show sources
Entity NameEntity TypeObservation Date
PolicrGovernmental2015
PoliceGovernmental2011
Types of detention facilities used in practice
Immigration detention centre (Administrative)Immigration field office (Administrative)Transit centre (Administrative)Reception centre (Administrative)Offshore detention centre (Administrative)Hospital (Administrative)Border guard (Administrative)Police station (Criminal)National penitentiary (Criminal)Local prison (Criminal)Juvenile detention centre (Criminal)Informal camp (Ad hoc)Immigration detention centre (Ad hoc)Surge facility (Ad hoc)Observation Date
2015
2015
2015

Authorized monitoring institutions Show sources
InstitutionInstitution TypeObservation Date
Commissioner for Administration and Human RightsNational Human Rights Institution (or Ombudsperson) (NHRI)2016
Commissioner for Administration and Human RightsOPCAT National Preventive Mechanism (NPM)2016
European Committee for the Prevention of Torture and Inhuman or Degrading Treatment or Punishment (CPT)International or Regional Bodies (IRBs)2013
Is the national human rights institution (NHRI) recognized as independent? Show sources
Is the NHRI recognized as independent by the International Coordinating Committee of National Human Rights Institutions?Observation Date
No2016
Does NHRI have capacity to receive complaints? Show sources
Does NHRI have capacity to receive complaints?Observation Date
Yes2016
Does national preventive mechanism (NPM) carry out visits? Show sources
Does NPM carry out visits in practice?Observation Date
Yes2015
Does NPM publicly release reports on immigration detention? Show sources
Does NPM publicly release reports on immigration detention?Observation Date
Yes2015
Do NGOs carry out visits? Show sources
Do NGOs regularly carry our visits?Observation Date
Yes2015
Do international and/or regional bodies (IRBs) visit immigration-related detention facilities? Show sources
Do international and/or regional bodies (IRB) regularly visit immigration-related detention facilities?Observation Date
Yes2013
Do IRBs publicly report their findings from inspections? Show sources
Do IRBs publicly report their findings from detention inspections?Observation Date
Yes2014

Socio Economic Data Expand all

Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD) Show sources
Gross Domestic Product per capita (in USD)Observation Date
27,1942014
26,3522012
Remittances to the country Show sources
Remittances to the country (in millions USD)Observation Date
912014
1522011
Remittances from the country Show sources
Remittances from the country (in millions USD)Observation Date
4042010
Unemployment Rate Show sources
Unemployment RateObservation Date
15.62014
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP) Show sources
Human Development Index Ranking (UNDP)UNDP four-tiered rankingObservation Date
32Very high2015

Country Links

Additional Resources


Back To Top